Circulating miRNAs as Novel Diagnostic Biomarkers in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Conclusion: Circulating miRNAs, especially miR-122, might be promising diagnostic biomarkers for NAFLD with high-accuracy, and more large-sample studies are required to support the above findings in the future. PMID: 31531307 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: The Lancet HIVAuthor(s): Takara L Stanley, Lindsay T Fourman, Meghan N Feldpausch, Julia Purdy, Isabel Zheng, Chelsea S Pan, Julia Aepfelbacher, Colleen Buckless, Andrew Tsao, Anela Kellogg, Karen Branch, Hang Lee, Chia-Ying Liu, Kathleen E Corey, Raymond T Chung, Martin Torriani, David E Kleiner, Colleen M Hadigan, Steven K GrinspoonSummaryBackgroundNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a substantial cause of comorbidity in people with HIV and there are no proven pharmacological treatments for the disease in this population. We assessed the effects of tesamo...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate prevalence and risk factors of biopsy proven NAFLD in a cluster of healthy non-obese and lean individuals.Methods and MaterialsIn a retrospective study, adult (> 18 years) apparently healthy individuals who had donated liver to pediatric patients between July 2012 and October 2018 were included. Non-obese and lean individuals were defined as BMI 
Source: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Carrier P, Debette-Gratien M, Jacques J, Loustaud-Ratti V Abstract The global population is aging, and so the number of older cirrhotic patients is increasing. Older patients are characterised by a risk of frailty and comorbidities, and age is a risk factor for mortality in cirrhotic patients. The incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease as an aetiology of cirrhosis is increasing, while that of chronic viral hepatitis is decreasing. Also, cirrhosis is frequently idiopathic. The management of portal hypertension in older cirrhotic patients is similar to that in younger patients, despite the greater ri...
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that the upregulation of NLRP3 inflammasome activated by cardiolipin is crucial in NASH pathogenesis, which might provide a novel potential role of cardiolipin blockade in the treatment of NASH. PMID: 31599445 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Purpose of review Vitamin D deficiency may impact disease progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this work was to review recent studies examining either vitamin D status or the effects of supplementation in patients with NAFLD, along with investigating the roles of genetic polymorphisms and the gut microbiome. Recent findings Six heterogeneous observational studies of vitamin D status, and four randomized controlled intervention trials of vitamin D supplementation in NAFLD were conflicting. All studies were hampered by the challenges of diagnosing NAFLD, were underpowered, and lacked data ...
Source: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care - Category: Nutrition Tags: FUNCTIONAL FOODS AND DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS: Edited by Nathalie M. Delzenne Source Type: research
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Histopathological assessments play an important role in the diagnosis and management of patients with liver disease. For some conditions, liver biopsy is still routinely used to establish the cause of liver disease. In other circumstances, evaluation of morphological changes provides additional information that is useful for clinical management, for example when assessing disease severity in chronic viral hepatitis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. However, with the increased use of non-invasive methods for assessing the severity of liver injury, particularly fibrosis, the role of liver biopsy in this respect is changing.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Assessment of liver disease Source Type: research
Liver lipid accumulation induced by high-fat diet (HFD) is an early onset process of non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD). Protein kinase A (PKA) is known to be involved in hepatic lipid metabolism. Howe...
Source: Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the effects of a 12-week multicomponent intervention program in markers of metabolic syndrome and NAFLD in Brazilian overweight/obese low-income school-aged children.MethodsThis quasi-experimental study comprised overweight/obese school-aged children, aged 7 –13 years. The participants were assigned to intervention (n = 17) or control group (n = 18). The multicomponent intervention was developed during 12 weeks, consisting of exercise sessions (twice/week; 1 h), nutritional education sessions (once/month), and parental support (twice/week). The fol...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Juan Wang, Daichao Wu, Hui Guo, Meixiang LiAbstractPolycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common systemic reproductive endocrine diseases, which has a variety of effects on a woman's health. Because of the involvement of multiple pathways and the lack of common clues, PCOS demonstrates multifactorial properties and heterogeneity of symptoms. Recent studies have demonstrated that the core etiology and primary endocrine characteristics of PCOS are hyperandrogenemia (HA) and insulin resistance (IR). HA and IR are the main causes of P...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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