Current Status of Parasite Infections in Indonesia: A Literature Review.

This study examines the prevalences of malaria and lymphatic filaria, which are prevalent in Indonesia, as well as those of soil-transmitted-helminths (STH). As a result, the Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax case loads are almost equal. The current prevalence of P. vivax is uniformly low (<5%) in all age groups and annual parasite incidence (API) showed decreasing tendency as 0.84 per 1,000 population in 2016. However, more than 65 million people still live in malaria epidemic regions. Lymphatic filariasis remains an important public health problem and 236 cities were classified as endemic areas in 514 cities/districts in 2017. It is difficult to ascertain the current prevalence rate of STH in Indonesia, although West Sumba and Southwest Sumba in East Nusa Tenggara reported prevalence rate of more than 20%. The study also considers the (sero) prevalences of other parasites identified in Indonesia. This report should be useful not only to parasitologists but also to travelers and people with business in Indonesia. PMID: 31533400 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research

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Authors: Verma K PMID: 32956994 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Authors: Lee SH, Jung HJ, Hong SB, Choi JI, Ryu JS Abstract In Pleurotus sp., green mold, which is considered a major epidemic, is caused by several Trichoderma species. To develop a rapid molecular marker specific for Trichoderma spp. that potentially cause green mold, eleven Trichoderma species were collected from mushroom farms and the Korean Agricultural Culture Collection (KACC). A dominant fungal isolate from a green mold-infected substrate was identified as Trichoderma pleuroticola based on the sequences of its internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and translation elongation factor 1-α (tef1) genes. In art...
Source: Mycobiology - Category: Biology Tags: Mycobiology Source Type: research
Authors: Choi YJ, Görg M, Shin HD, Thines M Abstract Over the past 15 years, downy mildew became the most destructive foliar disease in cultivated Impatiens species (Balsaminaceae) worldwide. A previous study had revealed that the causal agent was not Plasmopara obducens (Oomycota, Peronosporales) but Plasmopara destructor on Impatiens walleriana, and Plasmopara velutina on Impatiens balsamina. This hints to a relatively high degree of specialization of Plasmopara on Balsaminaceae. Therefore, it was the aim of the present study to perform multigene phylogenetic analysis and detailed morphological investigation...
Source: Mycobiology - Category: Biology Tags: Mycobiology Source Type: research
In this study, we report the first exploration of lichen diversity and ecology at an algific talus slope, Jangyeol-ri, in Korea. A total of 37 specimens were collected over 2017-2018. Morphological and sequencing analysis revealed 27 species belonging to 18 genera present in the area. Of particular interest among these species was Solorina saccata, as it has previously not been reported in Korea and most members of genus Solorina are known to inhabit alpine regions of the Northern Hemisphere. We provide here a taxonomic key for S. saccata alongside molecular phylogenetic analyses and prediction of potential habitats in Sou...
Source: Mycobiology - Category: Biology Tags: Mycobiology Source Type: research
This study provides basic information on further studies and motivates conservationists to plan the management of unprotected areas at the vicinity of agricultural lands where such endemic animals dwell. PMID: 32952457 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Scientific World Journal - Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research
Conditions:   Coronary Artery Bypass;   Cardiopulmonary Bypass;   Coronary Artery Disease Interventions:   Drug: L-alanyl-L-glutamine dipeptide;   Drug: Placebo Sponsor:   National Cardiovascular Center Harapan Kita Hospital Indonesia Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: 22 September 2020Source: Cell Reports, Volume 32, Issue 12Author(s): Guoyue Xu, Rebekah van Bruggen, Christian O. Gualtieri, Neda Moradin, Adrien Fois, Diane Vallerand, Mariana De Sa Tavares Russo, Angelia Bassenden, Wenyun Lu, Mifong Tam, Sylvie Lesage, Hélène Girouard, Daina Zofija Avizonis, Geneviève Deblois, Josef T. Prchal, Mary Stevenson, Albert Berghuis, Tom Muir, Joshua Rabinowitz, Silvia M. Vidal
Source: Cell Reports - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
If you ask health care providers about the most challenging condition to treat, chronic pain is mentioned frequently. By its nature, chronic pain is a complex and multidimensional experience. Pain perception is affected by our unique biology, our mood, our social environment, and past experiences. If you or a loved one is suffering from chronic pain, you already know the heavy burden. People are looking for novel, nonaddictive ways to treat pain Given the ongoing challenges of chronic pain management coupled with the consequences of the opioid epidemic, pain management practitioners and their patients are searching for eff...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Back Pain Marijuana Pain Management Source Type: blogs
Abstract Vaccination was developed by Edward Jenner in 1796. Since then, vaccination and vaccine development research has been a hotspot of research in the scientific community. Various ways of vaccine development are successfully employed in mass production of vaccines. One of the most successful ways to generate vaccines is the method of virulence attenuation in pathogens. The attenuated strains of viruses, bacteria, and parasites are used as vaccines which elicit robust immune response and confers protection against virulent pathogens. This chapter brings together the most common and efficient ways of generatin...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
Jeffrey G. Shaffer1*, Frances J. Mather1, Mamadou Wele2, Jian Li1, Cheick Oumar Tangara2, Yaya Kassogue2, Sudesh K. Srivastav1, Oumar Thiero2, Mahamadou Diakite2, Modibo Sangare2, Djeneba Dabitao2, Mahamoudou Toure2, Abdoulaye A. Djimde2, Sekou Traore2, Brehima Diakite2, Mamadou B. Coulibaly2, Yaozhong Liu1, Michelle Lacey3, John J. Lefante1, Ousmane Koita2, John S. Schieffelin4, Donald J. Krogstad1 and Seydou O. Doumbia2 1Department of Global Biostatistics and Data Science, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, United States 2Faculty of Medicine and Odontostomatology, Un...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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