Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 4058: Human Activities and Postures Recognition: From Inertial Measurements to Quaternion-Based Approaches
Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 4058: Human Activities and Postures Recognition: From Inertial Measurements to Quaternion-Based Approaches Sensors doi: 10.3390/s19194058 Authors: Zmitri Fourati Vuillerme This paper presents two approaches to assess the effect of the number of inertial sensors and their location placements on recognition of human postures and activities. Inertial and Magnetic Measurement Units (IMMUs)—which consist of a triad of three-axis accelerometer, three-axis gyroscope, and three-axis magnetometer sensors—are used in this work. Five IMMUs are initially used and attached to different body segments. Placements of up to three IMMUs are then considered: back, left foot, and left thigh. The subspace k-nearest neighbors (KNN) classifier is used to achieve the supervised learning process and the recognition task. In a first approach, we feed raw data from three-axis accelerometer and three-axis gyroscope into the classifier without any filtering or pre-processing, unlike what is usually reported in the state-of-the-art where statistical features were computed instead. Results show the efficiency of this method for the recognition of the studied activities and postures. With the proposed algorithm, more than 80% of the activities and postures are correctly classified using one IMMU, placed on the lower back, left thigh, or left foot location, and more than 90% when combining all three placements. In a second approach, we extract attitu...
ConclusionsPA activates PXR signalling and suppresses NF-κB signalling, consequently causing ameliorating inflammation. Results highlight the importance of PXR–NF-κB crosstalk in colitis and suggest a novel therapeutic reagent.Graphical abstract
ConclusionsThis study suggests that PLS exhibits anti-inflammatory action against intestinal damage by reducing inflammatory cell infiltration, oxidative stress, pro-inflammatory action of cytokines, and COX-2 expression in the inflamed colon. PLS shows therapeutic potential against inflammatory disorders like UC.Graphical abstract
ConclusionsThe findings indicate that combined traditional Thai herbal formulations can be used to successfully treat chronic eczema and could be considered as an alternative treatment for refractory chronic eczema.
ConclusionsFrailty assessment may be good value for money. However, limited availability of geriatric consultation services, may hinder implementation. Thus, the estimated benefits of frailty screening may not be achievable in practice.
We report the case of a 17-year-old patient with recurrent hemorrhagic pericardial effusion, who was diagnosed with primary pericardial fibrosarcoma. However, multiple radiological examinations, including CT and [18F] FDG/PET-CT, suggested the presence of fluid and no sign of tumor. Actually, when a patient presents with recurrent hemorrhagic pericardial effusions, pericardial tumors must be taken into account as part of the differential diagnosis.
We present two young patients (
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Isabelle F. Vonder Muhll
We describe a contiguous gene deletion of the ATM locus in a multi-generation family of Italian descent with a strong family history of pancreatic cancer. A deletion of one copy of the entire ATM gene was identified by routine panel testing and further characterized by chromosomal microarray analysis. An 11q22.3 microdeletion of approximately 960kb was identified that is predicted to result in loss of 10 genes including ATM. The deletion was identified in two additional family members including a presymptomatic daughter and an affected sibling. A normal disomic complement of the 11q22.3 region was detected in a third famil...
Conclusions: The DC-TAV program is an ambitious, civilian-military, nationwide and long-term program, based on a harmonised standard of care and including multidimensional training. Further studies are required to assess its efficacy.
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Arnaud Chaumeron, Jeremie Castanie, Louis Philippe Fortier, Patrick Basset, Sophie Bastide, Sandrine Alonso, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Philippe CuvillonABSTRACTBackground: Rapid sequence induction (RSI) is recommended in patients at risk of aspiration, but induced hemodynamic adverse events, including tachycardia. In elderly patients, this trial aimed to assess the impact of the addition of remifentanil during RSI on the occurrence of: tachycardia (primary outcome), hypertension (due to intubation) nor hypotension (rem...