Community perception and risk reduction practices toward malaria and dengue: A mixed-method study in slums of Chetla, Kolkata

Conclusions: Intensified social behavior change communication with active community participation is the need of the hour to prevent malaria and dengue occurrence and future outbreaks.
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research

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DiscussionChikungunya outbreaks have been reported in the study area in the past, so the high seroprevalence is not surprising. However, scarce evidence exists on dengue transmission in Kinshasa and based on our data, circulation is more important than previously reported. Furthermore, our study shows that the prescription of antibiotics, both antibacterial and antimalarial drugs, is rampant. Studies like this one, elucidating the causes of acute fever, may lead to a more considerate and rigorous use of antibiotics. This will not only stem the ever-increasing problem of antimicrobial resistance, but will –ultimately ...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
More than 1,500 deaths and 2,500 people sickened – that’s the recent account of the ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) raging in the country since last August, and recently declared a public health emergency of international concern. Experts say efforts to contain the virus are hindered by biological, public health, political, and cultural issues, but we looked around what digital health technologies could do to mitigate the spread and the devastation of the infectious disease. The Spaghetti-like virus… The lethal Ebola virus first appeared in 1976 around a river in Congo &nda...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Africa AI artificial intelligence Congo digital digital health digital maps disease disease outbreak ebola epidemic Innovation technology Source Type: blogs
[Daily News] Following a series of alarming disease outbreaks like malaria and dengue fever in the country, the government launched a five-year National Strategy for Vector Control (2019-2024) in Dar es Salaam yesterday.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Climate change is the greatest health challenge of the 21st century, and threatens all aspects of society, says the WHO in its COP24 Special Report. What could digital health technologies do to support the fight against the climate crisis? How could healthcare processes, facilities, medical devices become more sustainable? As it is humanity’s priority to mitigate the worsening as well as the impact of rising temperatures and extreme weather events, we tried to figure out what role digital health could assume here. We found many options – and even more possibilities for future development. The climate crisis...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine air asthma climate climate catastrophe climate change climate crisis digital digital health efficient Healthcare mosquito optimize resilience solar sustainability technology Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsIn this paper we discuss the current state of the results and draw on evidences from malaria, dengue and other vector-borne diseases to illustrate the state of current thinking and outline the need for further research to inform our predictions and response.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract An imbalance in oxidants and antioxidants is observed during malaria and dengue infections which is associated with the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) via haem degradation or immune activation, a contributing factor for disease pathogenesis. The levels of non-enzymatic antioxidants and total antioxidant status (TAS) in malaria and dengue patients were analysed and compared with healthy controls. Particular attention was paid to elevated levels of total bilirubin (TB) and uric acid (UA) during disease progression and haemolysis and noticed a significant increase in dengue patients (dengue>P...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
The Oropouche virus (OROV) is an arbovirus member of the Peribunyaviridae family and the Orthobunyavirus genus (Briese et al., 2016), responsible for a febrile syndrome that has affected people since its first discovery in 1955 in Trinidad and Tobago (Anderson et al., 1961). The etiological diagnosis of OROV infection is challenging due to the clinical similarities with other arboviral diseases including dengue, chikungunya, zika, and mayaro viruses, in addition to other pathogens such as Malaria (da Costa et al., 2017; Alvarez-Falconi and R íos, 2010; Travassos da Rosa et al., 2017), and the lack of molecular diffe...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions Apart West Nile virus (78), thousands of congenital microcephaly cases, fetal brain tissue damage and neurological syndromes have been associated with ZIKV infection. Unfortunately, the epidemics of this mosquito born, and a relative stable virus is on a rise. Although congenital microcephaly is a rare disorder however, due to lack of standardized diagnostic test facilities, the incidence in the geographically widespread ZIKV epidemic regions is higher. Animals studies showed that ZIKV is a neurotropic virus. It directly targets the developing embryonic brain cells by inducing apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
On the evening of March 14th, Cyclone Idai swept through Mozambique, devastating the coastal province of Sofala with winds of up to 190km/h. Heavy rainfall across the country in the weeks prior to the cyclone – as well as in the days following it- led to catastrophic flooding across the nation. Thousands were left homeless and crops, livestock and infrastructure have been destroyed. The low-lying port city of Beira, before and after the cyclone hit © MdM Responding to the crisis Doctors of the World has been in Mozambique for over 19 years in the province of Maputo and in Cabo Delgado. When Cyclone Idai hit Sout...
Source: Doctors of the World News - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Uncategorised Source Type: news
(CNN) — From climate change to superbugs, the World Health Organization has laid out 10 big threats to our global health in 2019. And unless these threats get addressed, millions of lives will be in jeopardy. Here’s a snapshot of 10 urgent health issues, according to the United Nations’ public health agency: Not vaccinating when you can One of the most controversial recent health topics in the US is now an international concern. “Vaccine hesitancy — the reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccines — threatens to reverse progress made in tackling vaccine-prevent...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News CNN Local TV Source Type: news
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