Endobronchial ultrasound for tubercular mediastinal adenopathy and its comparison with traditional tools
Publication date: October 2019Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine, Volume 74, Issue 4, SupplementAuthor(s): R.B. Babasa, J. Partible Bithao
Conclusion: The EUS and FNA are good tools to confirm malignancy and rule out benign treatable conditions like TB for any patient with a pancreatic mass suspicious for carcinoma. PMID: 31588486 [PubMed - in process]
This article will provide a thorough review of radiologic findings in common infections of the brain, from primarily compartmentalized infections of multi-microbial etiologies, to CNS manifestations of specific immunocompromised-selective pathogens, of herpes simplex virus (HSV), and of tuberculosis. We also briefly discuss the epidemiology, etiology, clinical features, treatment guidelines, complications, and long-term sequelae of these infections.
Authors: Goyal P, Shah J, Gupta S, Gupta P, Sharma V Abstract Introduction: Intestinal tuberculosis (ITB) and Crohn's disease (CD) have similar clinical presentation, but require different treatment approaches. Despite advances in various endoscopic, imaging, microbiological and histological techniques, the differentiation of these two entities is often difficult. Newer radiological and image acquisition modalities have now become indispensable tools for evaluation of these two diseases. Areas covered: This review summarizes the currently available literature on various radiological investigations to differentiate ...
CONCLUSIONS: In HIV-positive individuals thought to have abdominal tuberculosis or disseminated tuberculosis with abdominal involvement, abdominal ultrasound appears to have 63% sensitivity and 68% specificity when tuberculosis was bacteriologically confirmed. These estimates are based on data that is limited, varied, and low-certainty.The low sensitivity of abdominal ultrasound means clinicians should not use a negative test result to rule out the disease, but rather consider the result in combination with other diagnostic strategies (including clinical signs, chest x-ray, lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay (LF-LA...
Authors: Romain AS, Mornand P, Chaput U, Guedj R, Grimprel E PMID: 31506208 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: HIFU has the therapeutic potential to treat BCG-infected tissues in rats. We theorize that a combination of mechanical, cavitation, and thermal effects most efficiently inactivate BCG bacteria via HIFU. This study is expected to provide a bio-plausible basis for a noninvasive and effective treatment for tuberculosis. PMID: 31464154 [PubMed - in process]
This study selected 85 cases of lymph node tuberculosis (Group A patients) and 26 cases of histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (Group B patients). The clinical and pathology features on both groups were analysed.Results: The Group A patients were older than the Group B patients (t = 5.233,P
CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound evaluation of the spleen in patients with HIV and symptoms suggestive of TB in endemic regions is a viable diagnostic adjunct. Ultrasound detection of splenic microabscesses in HIV patients is probably sufficient indication to initiate TB treatment prior to obtaining culture data. Strong conclusions cannot be drawn owing to the high heterogeneity of this small number of studies. PMID: 31456550 [PubMed - in process]
Thoracic ultrasound (TUS) has been incorporated as a routine bedside tool for the diagnosis of pleural diseases and the performance of safe pleural procedures . It is generally accepted that TUS can provide valuable information on the possible malignant nature of a pleural effusion. Ultrasound appearances suggestive of malignancy include parietal or visceral pleural thickening of more than 1 cm, diaphragmatic thickness greater than 7 mm, pleural or diaphragmatic nodules and liver metastases, but the sonographic fluid characteristics themselves are nonspecific [2, 3]. These imaging criteria, also applicable to ...