Chest Radiography in Children Hospitalized with Bronchiolitis.

This study seeks to evaluate the use of CR in children with bronchiolitis due to a lower respiratory tract infection (RSV-RTI) with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and the influence of CR on patient treatment during the 2010-2017 seasons. There were 581 children included into the study: 459 with bronchiolitis (390 RSV-RTI and 69 non-RSV), 65 with RSV pneumonia and 57 with RSV bronchitis. We found that CR was performed in 28.6% (166/581) patients. CR was much more frequent in patients with RSV than non-RSV infections (61% vs. 31%). CR prognostic sensitivity and specificity in guiding antibiotic treatment was low, 78% and 58%, respectively. Positive and negative predicted values of CR were 78% and 58%, respectively and the number needed to diagnose was 2.777. Children in whom CR was performed (irrespective of the result) were at 22.9-fold higher risk of antibiotic therapy (95%CI: 14.1-37.1; p 
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research

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This study provides support for creating executable software with a low investment, along with the use of a portable instrument could allow number of hospital admission due to respiratory diseases and provide support to local health managers. Furthermore, the fuzzy model is very simple and involves low computational costs, an implementation making possible.Resumo Interna ções por doenças respiratórias geram custos financeiros para o Sistema de Saúde além de custos sociais. O objetivo deste estudo foi elaborar e validar um modelo linguístico “ fuzzy ” para previs ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Authors: Feldman C, Shaddock E Abstract INTRODUCTION: Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) are the leading infectious disease cause of death in the world and the fifth overall cause of death. From an epidemiological point of view, most consider pneumonia, influenza, bronchitis (including acute exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [AECOPD]), and bronchiolitis to be the most important LRTIs. Areas covered: This review will describe the epidemiology of LRTIs in adults focusing on community-acquired pneumonia, influenza, and AECOPD, utilizing data from the more recent literature. Expert commenta...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
The leading role in the development of pneumoconiosis is the dust load and oxidative stress.Aim: to study the role of macrophages and oxidative activity in the development of pneumoconiosis in the rat model.Methods: PD from the grinder work place contained: Fe - 39.2%, SiO2 - 21.3%, Mg- 8.5%, Cr and Al - 2.0%, C and Mn - 1.0%, Zn, Co, Cu, Zr
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Occupational and Environmental Health Source Type: research
Authors: Matera MG, Rogliani P, Ora J, Cazzola M Abstract INTRODUCTION: Antibiotics are frequently prescribed to children in the community and in nosocomial settings, mainly because of lower respiratory tract infections(LRTIs), which include influenza, bronchitis, bronchiolitis, pneumonia, and tuberculosis, in addition to bronchiectasis and cystic fibrosis lung disease. It is important to note, however, that more than 50% of these prescriptions are unnecessary or inappropriate. Areas covered: The current choice of antimicrobial therapy for etiological agents of LRTIs is examined and discussed considering each type ...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 August 2018Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): Anna M. Pyziel, Izabella Dolka, Joanna Werszko, Zdzisław Laskowski, Żaneta Steiner-Bogdaszewska, Jan Wiśniewski, Aleksander W. Demiaszkiewicz, Krzysztof AnuszAbstractThe large lungworms of the genus Dictyocaulus are causative agents of parasitic bronchitis in various ungulate hosts, including red deer. Recently, the red deer-derived lungworm D. cervi was described and separated from D. eckerti. Little is known of the transmission patterns, epidemiology, geographical distribution and pathogenicity of D. cervi. Histological examinat...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the impact of coarse-fraction exposure on hospital admissions among children due to respiratory diseases. PMID: 29947697 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research
Conclusions: Concerning adherence patterns include high antibiotic rates for bronchitis, particularly in adolescents, and underuse of narrow-spectrum penicillins in the 0–4 years group.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Abstract ObjectiveTo evaluate the frequency and predictors of hospital admissions for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in moderately preterm (MP, 32+0 to 33+6 weeks) and late preterm (LP, 34+0 to 36+6 weeks) infants compared to term (T ≥37 weeks) and very preterm (VP,
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE: RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS Source Type: research
Summary From 2009 to 2015, 74 lungs from suckling (6.8%), nursing (70.3%), fattening (20.3%) pigs and pregnant sows (2.7%) with respiratory signs from pig farms in Southern Brazil were submitted to a diagnostic laboratory for necropsy and/or histologic examination and screening for respiratory agents by RT‐qPCR, immunohistochemistry (IHC), virus isolation (VI) and subtyping for influenza A virus (IAV), IHC and nested PCR for Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (Mhyo), PCR for porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2), RT‐qPCR for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) and bacterial culture. All lung samples were positive f...
Source: Zoonoses and Public Health - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Antibiotics are prescribed for ARIs at rates 4-9 times as high as those recommended by Therapeutic Guidelines. Our data provide the basis for setting absolute targets for reducing antibiotic prescribing in Australian general practice. PMID: 28701117 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Med J Aust - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
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