Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Pelvic Fractures - Part 1: Which Criteria Lead Us to Supplementary MRI Diagnostics?

CONCLUSIONS: Pelvic fracture MRI should be performed primarily in elderly female patients without adequate trauma. In patients with adequate trauma, MRI is of low value, especially as MRI diagnostics are performed with delay, resulting in later surgery. PMID: 31533165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Zeitschrift fur Orthopadie und Unfallchirurgie - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Z Orthop Unfall Source Type: research

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Discussion Foreign bodies are common problems for young children particularly ages 2-4 years who will mouth many objects and aspirate or swallow them. Children will also place foreign objects in other body orifices such as ears or noses. It is also not uncommon that young girls will inadvertently have toilet paper caught in the vaginal area during hygiene. Many of these foreign bodies may work their way out naturally not causing any problems, or may come to attention later because of chronic problems such as a foul-smell or discharge. Older children may tell adults that they have placed a foreign body in an orifice and thu...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 26 September 2019Source: Arthroscopy TechniquesAuthor(s): Ravi Vaswani, Sean J. Meredith, Jayson Lian, Ryan Li, Michael Nickoli, Freddie H. Fu, Volker MusahlAbstractSmall intercondylar notch size is associated with increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries and increased difficulty of ACL reconstruction. When encountering a small notch during surgery, some surgeons may resort to a notchplasty, which has been shown to have associated morbidity. The ability to predict notch size on preoperative imaging could allow the orthopaedic surgeon to anticipate surgical difficulty su...
Source: Arthroscopy Techniques - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
DiscussionRadiographically, 2-D imaging is adequate to establish an initial radiographic diagnosis. However, more advanced modalities (computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging [CT/MRI) are indicated to better evaluate the orientation of the tumor and assist in the surgical management. The 3-D imaging of the 3 cases presented here emphasize this point. Positron emission tomography/fluorodeoxyglucose (PET/FDG) imaging has also been recommended for specific cases. MRI may overestimate tumor aggressiveness secondary to the influence of bone marrow and soft tissue edema. The recognition of an osteochondroma is significant...
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsPDB is often diagnosed through incidental findings in a regular blood chemistry panel, particularly ALK, or through imaging done for another reason. The planar radiograph gives the best clue to the presence of PDB. The MDCT is mandatory for better outcomes in treatment of osteosarcoma, whereas MRI is best for depicting local intracranial extension. PET identifies the region of a tumor through FDG increase. Lastly, biopsy is necessary for confirming the tumor.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusions: PET/CT images provide unique quantitative information that cannot be obtained from any other imaging modalities.
Source: Quintessence International - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe Spinal Cord Society constituted a panel tasked with reviewing the literature on the radiological evaluation of spinal trauma with or without spinal cord injury and recommend a protocol. This position statement provides recommendations for the use of each modality, i.e., radiographs (X-rays), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as well as vascular imaging, and makes suggestions on identifying or clearing spinal injury in trauma patients.MethodsPubMed was searched for the corresponding keywords from January 1, 1980, to August 1, 2017. A MEDLINE search was subsequently undertaken aft...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
We report a case of a patient with flat foot with 2 accessory navicular bones. This patient needed to be treated surgically, and the surgery was successful, with short-term follow-up. We believe this is the first case of multiple accessory navicular bones to be treated surgically in English literature. The incidence of multiple accessory navicular bones might be higher. There is a risk to remaining ossicles without resection or fixation during surgery; therefore, we strongly recommend using not only radiographs, but also 3-dimensional computed tomography scans or magnetic resonance imaging scans to confirm the type of acce...
Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Jnl Wrist Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1693147 Background Scaphoid fracture accounts for approximately 15% of acute wrist fractures. Clinical examination and plain X-rays are commonly used to diagnose the fracture, but this approach may miss up to 16% of fractures in the absence of clear-cut lucent lines on plain radiographs. As such, additional imaging may be required. It is not clear which imaging modality is the best. The goal of this study is to summarize the current literature on scaphoid fractures to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of four different imaging modalities. Case description&emsp...
Source: Journal of Wrist Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Survey or Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
The objectives of this study were to compare resource util ization in EDs that use APPs in their staffing model with those that do not and to estimate costs associated with the utilized resources.Methods: In this five-year retrospective secondary data analysis of the Emergency Department Benchmarking Alliance (EDBA), we compared resource utilization rates in EDs with and without APPs in non-academic EDs. Primary outcomes were hospital admission and use of computed tomography (CT), radiography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Costs were estimated using the 2014 physician fee schedule and inpatient payments from the...
Source: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionPer-visit out-of-pocket expenditure increases for private insurance ED visits were predominantly related to overall increases in per-visit total expenditure.
Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
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