Parasites in brains of wild rodents (Arvicolinae and Murinae) in the city of Leipzig, Germany

Publication date: Available online 18 September 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Patrick Waindok, Gökben Özbakış-Beceriklisoy, Elisabeth Janecek-Erfurth, Andrea Springer, Martin Pfeffer, Michael Leschnik, Christina StrubeAbstractSmall rodents serve as intermediate or paratenic hosts for a variety of parasites and may participate in the transmission of these parasites into synanthropic cycles. Parasites with neuroinvasive stages, such as Toxoplasma gondii or Toxocara canis, can cause detrimental damage in the brain of intermediate or paratenic hosts. Therefore, the occurrence of neuroinvasive parasite stages was evaluated in brains of wild rodents captured in the city of Leipzig, Germany. In addition, a few specimens from the cities of Hanover, Germany, and Vienna, Austria were included, resulting in a total of 716 rodents collected between 2011 and 2016. Brains were investigated for parasitic stages by microscopic examination of native tissue, artificially digested tissue as well as Giemsa-stained digestion solution to verify positive results. Infective stages of zoonotic ascarids or other helminths were not detected in any sample, while coccidian cysts were found in 10.1% (95% CI: 7.9–12.5%; 72/716) of examined brains. The most abundant rodent species in the study was the bank vole (Myodes glareolus; Arvicolinae), showing an infection rate with cerebral cysts of 13.9% (95% CI: 11.0–17.8%; 62/445), wh...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research

Related Links:

ConclusionThis investigation indicated that cocktail DNA vaccine encoded SAG1 gene of T. gondii and FliC can protect against acute toxoplasmosis.
Source: Biologicals - Category: Biology Source Type: research
AbstractToxoplasmosis is a zoonotic food-borne disease with global distribution. The principal aim of this research was to detect the seroprevalence ofT. gondii infection in cattle, dogs and cats in dairy farms with high incidence of abortion, as well as to identify associated risk factors in Hamedan, Iran. A number of four large dairy farms with high history of abortion were selected and evaluated for risk factors associated toT. gondii infection. Blood samples were taken from 400 of pregnant cattle, 85 of dogs and 35 of cats (all of the dogs and cats population from interring and around of farms were sampled). The sample...
Source: Journal of Parasitic Diseases - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Trichinellosis is a globally-distributed zoonotic parasitic disease caused by nematode worms of the genus Trichinella. One of the most common species of Trichinella known to affect human health is T. britovi; however, it is relatively poorly investigated. A thorough knowledge of the proteins expressed by Trichinella is important when developing immunological detection methods and vaccines and studying its interactions with the host. The present study uses the Pichia pastoris expression system to produce a soluble TbCLP antigen which induces strong antibody responses in the host during natural infection. Our results demonst...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Xiao Xiao, Rui Qi, Hui-Ju Han, Jian-Wei Liu, Xiang-Rong Qin, Li-Zhu Fang, Chuan-Min Zhou, Xiao-Qing Gong, Si-Cong Lei, Xue-Jie YuAbstractSnakes are popular as food and traditional medicine in China. However, information about parasitic and bacterial infections in snakes from China is scarce. We investigated the prevalence of selected zoonotic agents including Cryptosporidium, Hepatozoon and Spirometra, in snakes in central China from June to October in 2018 by PCR amplification using parasite-sp...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
The larval stage of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus is the causative agent of hydatid disease in humans. This zoonotic parasitic infection remains a major health problem in certain areas of the world where i...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Both species of Fasciola were present in Qazvin. D. dendriticum was the sole infecting species of the Dicrocoelium in the livestock of the city of Qazvin, further researches are needed to pinpoint the intermediate host of the parasites in the region. PMID: 31595853 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Infect Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
AbstractGiardia intestinalis andBlastocystis spp. are two common zoonotic intestinal parasites responsible for the majority of diarrheic cases, especially in children. The study was planned to determine the impact role of bothGiardia andBlastocystis co-infection in children up to 12  years old with acute diarrhea in Beni-Suef, Egypt. Also, to estimate the general prevalence rates and risk factors associated with intestinal parasitic infections. Stool samples collected from 125 children, within a period of 7 months, were examined using direct wet mount and trichrome stain in c omparison to in vitro culture on Jone...
Source: Journal of Parasitic Diseases - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The serological methods used in the study were found to be important in the early diagnosis of alveolar echinococcosis in the endemic areas, since it could be used in sero-epidemiological studies. PMID: 31591872 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Turkiye Parazitol Derg Source Type: research
Abstract Enterocytozoon bieneusi is a potentially important zoonotic pathogen. However, there is no information on E. bieneusi infection of captive long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) in Hainan Province, China. Here 193 fecal specimens of M. fascicularis were collected from a breeding base in Hainan Province, China, housing non-human primates for experimental use. E. bieneusi was identified and genotyped by nested PCR analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the rRNA gene. A total of 59 (30.6%) specimens were PCR-positive for E. bieneusi and 16 ITS genotypes were identified including nine...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 October 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Giulia Simonato, Rudi Cassini, Simone Morelli, Angela Di Cesare, Francesco La Torre, Federica Marcer, Donato Traversa, Mario Pietrobelli, Antonio Frangipane di RegalbonoAbstractThe contamination of public areas by dog faeces is a social behaviour and public health problem. In fact, the most frequently isolated intestinal helminths in dogs are distributed worldwide, and most of them have zoonotic potential (i.e., ascarids and ancylostomatids).The aims of this survey were to evaluate citizen awareness of health risks for animals...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
More News: Austria Health | Brain | Genetics | Germany Health | Neurology | Parasitic Diseases | Parasitology | Statistics | Study | Zoonoses