Prolonged high-fat-diet feeding promotes non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and alters gut microbiota in mice.

CONCLUSION: Overall, these data suggest that chronic HFD consumption in mice can mimic pathophysiological and some microbial events observed in NAFLD patients. PMID: 31528245 [PubMed]
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research

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In conclusion, long-term feeding of either HFHF or WDHC are reliable methods to induce NASH and diet-potentiated liver cancer in mice of both sexes; however, the choice of diet involves a trade-off between severity of metabolic syndrome and liver damage. PMID: 32924526 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Am J Physiol Endocri... - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Authors: Kjær MB, George J, Kazankov K, Grønbæk H Abstract INTRODUCTION: Metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is a new nomenclature for fatty liver replacing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). MAFLD has emerged as the leading cause of liver-related morbidity and mortality with increasing incidence due to its close association with the global epidemic of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Macrophages play a key role in MAFLD development and progression of steatohepatitis and fibrosis. Therefore, targeting macrophages may be a new therapeutic approach for MAFLD and MAFLD with...
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
With the obesity epidemic reaching crisis levels, there has been attention around those who may be resilient to the effects of obesity, termed metabolically healthy obesity (MHO), who initially present without...
Source: BMC Endocrine Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
The rising tide of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) associated with the obesity epidemic is a major international health concern. NAFLD is the leading global cause of liver disease with an estimated prevalence of 25% and is the fastest growing indication for liver transplantation (LT). The presence and severity of liver fibrosis is the only histologic predictor of clinical outcomes in this group. NAFLD poses several challenges in the peri-transplant setting including the management of multiple metabolic co-morbidities, post-transplant obesity and cardiovascular risk.
Source: Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Diabetes mellitus is the 7th leading cause of death worldwide according to the World Health Organization. The rate of obesity has reached epidemic proportions in westernized countries. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with diabetes and obesity and is currently a leading etiology for liver transplantation in the United States. The duodenum plays an important role in nutrient absorption and glucose metabolism. Duodenal mucosal resurfacing (DMR) is a novel endoscopic technique of hydrothermal ablation of the duodenal mucosa potentially improving glycemic control.
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Poster abstracts Source Type: research
This study provides direct evidence for the contribution of gut microbiota to the cognitive decline during normal aging and suggests that restoring microbiota homeostasis in the elderly may improve cognitive function. On Nutraceutical Senolytics Nutraceuticals are compounds derived from foods, usually plants. In principle one can find useful therapies in the natural world, taking the approach of identifying interesting molecules and refining them to a greater potency than naturally occurs in order to produce a usefully large therape...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Obesity is a major cause of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD is an epidemic affecting nearly 34% of the adult population in the US. As a chronic inflammatory disease, NAFLD influences the immune system by dysregulating T-cell activity. Remedies for the adverse effects on the immune system are urgently needed. We studied Theaphenon E (TE), a standardized formulation of green tea extract, on the adverse effects of NAFLD in C57BL/6J mice fed a high fat diet (HFD).
Source: Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common type of chronic liver disease in Australia and its recent increase mirrors the obesity and type 2 diabetes epidemics. Currently, many patients who p...
Source: BMC Health Services Research - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research
Obesity is a serious, chronic, treatable, and global disease epidemic. Over 98 million people currently have the disease of obesity, and in a recent New England Journal of Medicine article, Harvard researchers predicted that by 2030, 50% of the population in the United States will have the disease of obesity. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is significantly associated with obesity. While many people with obesity do not have diabetes, most people with T2D have the disease of obesity. Excess adiposity (body fat storage), which is present in obesity, contributes to many chronic diseases beyond T2D. These include high blood pressure, he...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Health Heart Health Surgery Source Type: blogs
AbstractNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) parallels the global obesity epidemic with unmet therapeutic needs. We investigated whether inhibition of hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl 4-hydroxylase-2 (HIF-P4H-2), a key cellular oxygen sensor whose inhibition stabilizes HIF, would protect from NAFLD by subjecting HIF-P4H-2-deficient (Hif-p4h-2gt/gt) mice to a high-fat, high-fructose (HFHF) or high-fat, methionine-choline-deficient (HF-MCD) diet. On both diets, theHif-p4h-2gt/gt mice gained less weight and had less white adipose tissue (WAT) and its inflammation, lower serum cholesterol levels, and lighter livers with le...
Source: Journal of Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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