Relationship between Echocardiographic and Magnetic Resonance-Derived Measurements of the Thoracic Aorta in Turner Syndrome Patients.

In this study, we aimed to compare aortic dimensions on MRI and 2Decho in TS patients. Methods: 50 TS patients (≥18 years) were enrolled into the cross-sectional study. 2Decho and MRI were performed. The measurements of the aorta were assessed in five standard positions on 2Decho and in 9 standard positions on MRI; ASI (aortic size index) of the ascending aorta was calculated since reduced adult height is observed in TS patients. Results: ASI on echocardiography strongly correlated with ASI on MRI in all positions of the ascending aorta, but significantly larger medians of ASI were found on 2Decho in all positions of the ascending aorta and arch when compared with MRI measurements. Still, the prevalence of aortic sinus dilation was significantly and more frequently (52% vs. 38%, p
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Paula Wildner, Mariusz Stasiołek, Mariola MatysiakAbstractMultiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common acquired demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). Diagnosing MS can be very challenging owing to its variable clinical features and lack of specific tests. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a key measure in this process. Although white matter lesions on brain MRI are regarded as a hallmark of MS, they are a common radiological finding and their pattern may overlap in particular CNS inflammatory ...
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Sardar Hassan Arif, Ayad Ahmad MohammedAbstractAbdomen cocoon is a rare disease in which a thick peritoneal membrane wraps the intestine causing the bowel loops to adhere to each other. It may be either primary(idiopathic) or secondary to other causes like previous abdominal surgery. Most patients present with abdominal pain and intestinal obstruction. The condition is usually diagnosed intraoperatively.Case 1A 30-year-old male patient presented with abdominal pain and bilious vomiting. The patient had similar previous attack...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Daida K, Ogaki K, Hayashida A, Ando M, Yokoyama K, Noda K, Kanbayashi T, Hattori N, Okuma Y Abstract A 67-year-old woman with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) developed severe somnolence. Ten days after admission, fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed hyperintense areas around the bilateral hypothalamus, which were not present on MRI at admission. The orexin level, which is decreased in idiopathic narcolepsy, was slightly decreased in her cerebrospinal fluid. Immunosuppressive treatment and methylphenidate markedly improved her somnolence. This case sho...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Inadequate self-care is linked to poor health outcomes in heart failure (HF). Self-care depends on decision-making abilities, but links between self-care and brain injury to executive decision-making regulatory areas (prefrontal cortices) are unclear. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relationships between HF self-care and status of prefrontal cortices. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging-based diffusion tensor imaging was performed in 21 patients with HF (age, 53.8 ± 7.9 years; 15 men; left ventricular ejection fraction, 25.1% ± 6.1%), and self-care and executive function...
Source: The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: J Cardiovasc Nurs Source Type: research
Conditions:   Tic Disorders;   Tourette Syndrome Intervention:   Device: transcranial magnetic stimulation Sponsors:   Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University;   Hangzhou Normal University Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
In this study synthesis of graphene oxide-poly citric acid/MnCe0.5Fe1.5O4 nanoferrofluid with a simple method and its ability for enhancing the contrast of magnetic resonance images was reported. The co-precipitation method has been used for the production of MnCe0.5Fe1.5O4 nanoparticles with a size distribution of 25–40 nm, which has shown a very good superparamagnetic property with saturation magnetization (Ms) 53.6 emu g−1. Graphene oxide (GO) was prepared by a modified Hummers method and polymerized with citric acid to produce GO-PCA. The nanoparticles were loaded on the GO-PCA surface to produce nanofe...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
The diagnosis of prostate cancer has changed. Improved magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology with diffusion-weighted imaging has led to the use of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) before biopsy in patients suspected of having prostate cancer. This has the advantage that patients with a negative mpMRI may not need biopsy, therefore avoiding the risk of complications. Those in whom mpMRI is positive can have targeted biopsies with a higher probability of diagnosing clinically significant cancer. Prostate Cancer UK (PCUK) and the British Society of Urogenital Radiology submitted a Freedom of Information (FOI) request in 2016...
Source: Clinical Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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Source: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
Authors: Kriksciuniene R, Zilaitiene B, Verkauskiene R Abstract Turner Syndrome (TS) is a rare disease, with the incidence of 1 of 2500 life born females. Characteristic features are: growth retardation, gonadal dysgenesis and impairment, congenital and acquired cardiovascular disorders. New management possibilities in Turner Syndrome are coming along with the new scientific evidence on the pathogenesis of TS developmental, metabolic, cardiovascular and reproductive issues. Attitude to the growth retardation treatment and hormone replacement therapy is changing. The effectiveness of additional androgen doses for gr...
Source: Minerva Endocrinologica - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Minerva Endocrinol Source Type: research
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