Scientists project northward expansion of Valley fever by end of 21st century

Climate change expected to accelerate spread of sometimes-fatal fungal infection More at https://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=299221&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 This is a Research News item.
Source: NSF Discoveries - Category: Science Source Type: research

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Purpose of review The purpose of the review is an update of diagnosis and treatment of coccidioidomycosis infection in solid organ transplant (SOT) patients. Endemic fungal infections continue to be a cause of serious morbidity and mortality in transplant recipients. Recent findings In transplant patients there are recommendations regarding screening in areas that are endemic for coccidioidomycosis. This screening involves serologic testing and chest imaging. In endemic areas pretransplant seropositivity varies from 1.4 to 5.6%. In immunocompromised patients with elevated complement fixation titers, evaluation of cere...
Source: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation - Category: Surgery Tags: INFECTIOUS DISEASES: Edited by Emily Blodget Source Type: research
Of the 8,000 Californians who will contract Valley Fever this year, most will recover without treatment, and those with more serious cases will require an antifungal medication that clears the infection. But a few will experience a life-threatening form of the disease that ravages the body for reasons unknown.Now, an experimental treatment used by physicians atUCLA Mattel Children ’s Hospital that cured a 4-year-old boy may provide an explanation — and a method for manipulating the immune system to combat not just Valley Fever, but a host of infections.In February 2018, the Gonzalez-Martinez family traveled 200...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the review is an update of diagnosis and treatment of coccidioidomycosis infection in solid organ transplant (SOT) patients. Endemic fungal infections continue to be a cause of serious morbidity and mortality in transplant recipients. RECENT FINDINGS: In transplant patients there are recommendations regarding screening in areas that are endemic for coccidioidomycosis. This screening involves serologic testing and chest imaging. In endemic areas pretransplant seropositivity varies from 1.4 to 5.6%. In immunocompromised patients with elevated complement fixation titers...
Source: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Organ Transplant Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Gram-positive cocci are still the primary pathogen of PDAP cases in our center, but demonstrate a high resistance to first-generation cephalosporin, which is the suggested treatment per International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis 2016 Peritonitis Recommendations. Therefore, an individualized treatment based on the distribution of pathogens and drug resistance in different centers is more conducive to improve the cure rate of PDAP.
. PMID: 31131821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin Nephrol Source Type: research
AbstractCoccidioidomycosis is an endemic fungal infection common in the southwestern United States. Some rheumatology clinics periodically screen patients with coccidioidal serology, resulting in the identification of patients who are serologically positive but without clinical symptoms. The management of such patients is unclear. A retrospective study was conducted between 2007 and 2015 at two arthritis centers in Tucson, Arizona. The asymptomatic patients were identified who were receiving disease-modifying antirheumatic agents and had a positive coccidioidal serology. Serological testing including IgM and IgG was perfor...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Conclusion and Perspectives CYP51 plays a crucial role in fungal invasive growth, hyphae formation and virulence, and inhibitors targeting CYP51 have always been an important component of antifungal agents. Further researches on fungal CYP51s might set about from the following aspects: First, while the detailed crystal structures of several susceptible pathogenic fungi CYP51 have been elaborated, those of drug-resistant variants are still in hypothesis. If those structures were elucidated, targeting at common drug-resistant CYP51 protein variants could probably be promising. Second, it deserves more in-depth researches to...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The EIDAR Research Area is responsive to military-relevant infectious disease threats that are also frequently global public health concerns. Several new EIDAR efforts are underway that will provide Combatant Command Surgeons, Infectious Diseases Service Chiefs, and other Force Health Protection stakeholders with epidemiological information to mitigate the impact of EIDs and antimicrobial resistance on the health of U.S. military service members and their dependents. PMID: 31004432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
ibke Paul Brown Coccidioidomycosis (CM) is a fungal infection endemic in the southwestern United States (US). In California, CM incidence increased more than 213% (from 6.0/100,000 (2014) to 18.8/100,000 (2017)) and continues to increase as rates in the first half of 2018 are double that of 2017 during the same period. This cost-of-illness study provides essential information to be used in health planning and funding as CM infections continue to surge. We used a “bottom-up” approach to determine lifetime costs of 2017 reported incident CM cases in California. We defined CM natural history and used...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Di Mango AL, Zanetti G, Penha D, Menna Barreto M, Marchiori E Abstract INTRODUCTION: Systemic endemic mycoses are prevalent in specific geographical areas of the world and are responsible for high rates of morbidity and mortality in these populations, and in immigrants and travelers returning from endemic regions. The most common fungal infections that can affect the lungs of immunocompetent patients include histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, paracoccidioidomycosis, blastomycosis, sporotrycosis, aspergillosis, and cryptococcosis. Diagnosis and management of these diseases remain challenging, especially in...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
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Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
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