IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3488: Perspectives on Disability and Non-Communicable Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries, with a Focus on Stroke and Dementia

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3488: Perspectives on Disability and Non-Communicable Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries, with a Focus on Stroke and Dementia International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16183488 Authors: Josephine E. Prynn Hannah Kuper Non-communicable diseases (NCD) and disability are both common, and increasing in magnitude, as a result of population ageing and a shift in disease burden towards chronic conditions. Moreover, disability and NCDs are strongly linked in a two-way association. People living with NCDs may develop impairments, which can cause activity limitations and participation restriction in the absence of supportive personal and environmental factors. In other words, NCDs may lead to disabilities. At the same time, people with disabilities are more vulnerable to NCDs, because of their underlying health condition, and vulnerability to poverty and exclusion from healthcare services. NCD programmes must expand their focus beyond prevention and treatment to incorporate rehabilitation for people living with NCDs, in order to maximize their functioning and well-being. Additionally, access to healthcare needs to be improved for people with disabilities so that they can secure their right to preventive, curative and rehabilitation services. These changes may require new innovations to overcome existing gaps in healthcare capacity, such as an increasing role for mobile technology and task-sharing. Thi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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This study aims to compare how older adults with cognitive impairment perceive relevance and level of EICT challenge between eHealth use and general use. METHODS: This cross-sectional study includes 32 participants (65-85 years of age) with cognitive impairment of different origins (due to e.g., stroke or dementia). The Short Everyday Technology Use Questionnaire+ (S-ETUQ+) was used, providing information about the relevance of EICTs and measuring the EICT level of challenge. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics, standardized z-tests and Fisher's exact tests. The significance level was set to p 
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
We report that electrical stimulation (ES) stimulation of post-stroke aged rats led to an improved functional recovery of spatial long-term memory (T-maze), but not on the rotating pole or the inclined plane, both tests requiring complex sensorimotor skills. Surprisingly, ES had a detrimental effect on the asymmetric sensorimotor deficit. Histologically, there was a robust increase in the number of doublecortin-positive cells in the dentate gyrus and SVZ of the infarcted hemisphere and the presence of a considerable number of neurons expressing tubulin beta III in the infarcted area. Among the genes that were unique...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Zauszniewski JA, Herbell K, Lekhak N, Badr H Abstract Given the growing number of family members who provide care to adults with a disability or illness, this study examined differences in coping resources and mental health among family caregivers of persons with various health conditions. Within the context of Ensel and Lin's stress paradigm, 234 family caregivers participated in an online study by completing validated measures of resourcefulness, spiritual practices, caregiver burden, anxiety, and depression. Caregivers were categorized into nine groups according to their care recipient's condition. The ...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research
Centenarians, people who survive to 100 years of age or more, are comparatively resistant to age-related disease. They are not in good shape in comparison to a much younger person, of course. They are much reduced in vigor and capacity, and aging has gnawed away at their bodies and minds. But nonetheless, the very modest goals of much of the aging research community - to slow aging and extend healthy life span by just a few years - leads to the view that centenarian biochemistry is an interesting place to look for the basis for treatments. If the goal is only a couple more years of life, then why not investigate how it is ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Dementia and non-dementia caregivers showed relatively few differences in indicators of overall well-being in this population-based sample, perhaps because both groups of caregivers in this study were providing substantial care. Dementia caregivers may require special assistance with dementia-specific problems such as behavioral problems. Clinical interventions and policy changes targeting highly burdened caregivers are needed to support them in allowing their care recipients to age in place at home. PMID: 32816014 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research
Photo credit Amin Lofti Dear Carol: My mother, age 94, has smoked her whole life, carried too much weight, eaten junk, wouldn’t exercise, and wouldn’t even take a vitamin. Late last year she had a stroke that left her physically disabled to the point that she needs to be in a nursing home. So far, she shows no sign of dementia, but she’s angrier than ever because of her situation. The care staff is angelic. I don’t know how they do it because I’m a mess. I’m almost glad that the COVID situation has kept us separate because on video she’s usually distracted enough to not let loose h...
Source: Minding Our Elders - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Source Type: blogs
Emerging evidence suggests that COVID-19 patients are at a higher risk of stroke and promptly diagnosing and treating such patients is a priority in hospitals across the world. Moreover, identifying which COVID-19 patients are at increased risk of de...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Critical Care Emergency Medicine Exclusive Neurology Neurosurgery Source Type: blogs
AbstractNeurological and psychiatric (mental health) disorders have a large impact on health burden globally. Cognitive disorders (including dementia) and stroke are leading causes of disability. Mental health disorders, including depression, contribute up to one-third of total years lived with disability. The Neurological and mental health Global Epidemiology Network (NeuroGEN) is an international multi-database network that harnesses administrative and electronic medical records from Australia, Asia, Europe and North America. Using these databases NeuroGEN will investigate medication use and health outcomes in neurologic...
Source: CNS Drugs - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study presents findings from a community of Malaysian-Chinese stroke survivors living in Malaysia on their understandings of cognitive deficits after stroke. The way stroke survivors thought about CI was also mediated by the cultural and social context that surrounded them. Of interest was the primacy of physical health over the cognitive which resulted in the invisibility of CI within this community, regardless of whether the deficits were mild or severe. Based on these findings, there is a need to rethink how cognitive decline should be observed in realistic community settings.
Source: Journal of Population Ageing - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) represents the most common arrhythmia worldwide, and its prevalence exponentially increases with age. It is related to increased risk of ischemic stroke or systemic embolism, which determines a significant burden of morbidity and mortality, as widely documented in the literature. AF also constitutes a risk factor for other less investigated conditions, such as heart failure, pulmonary embolism, impairment in physical performance, reduced quality of life and development of disability, mood disorders, and cognitive impairment up to dementia. In the elderly population, the management...
Source: Ageing Research Reviews - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Ageing Res Rev Source Type: research
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