Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and Esophageal Involvement in Patients with Pemphigus Vulgaris

AbstractPemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a rare autoimmune blistering disease involving the skin and mucous membranes. The prevalence of esophageal involvement remains uncertain. The aim of our study was to determine the frequency of esophageal involvement in patients with PV. This is a single-center electronic database retrospective review of patients with a diagnosis of PV. Data abstracted included demographics, disease characteristics (biopsy results, symptoms, areas affected, treatments), and esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) reports. Of the 111 patients that met eligibility criteria, only 22 (19.8%) underwent EGD. Demographic data were similar except those who underwent EGD were more likely to be female (77.3% vs. 51.7%,p  =  0.05) and have hypertension (50.0% vs. 24.7%,p  =  0.04). Esophageal symptoms were common in both groups; however, those experiencing dysphagia were more likely to undergo EGD (50.0% vs. 20.2%,p  =  0.007). Those who underwent EGD had more refractory disease (≥ 3 treatment modalities: 100% vs. 58.4%,p  
Source: Dysphagia - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

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Suprarenal abdominal aortic coarctation (SAAC) is a congenital midaortic syndrome that develops owing to a developmental anomaly in the fusion of the embryonic dorsal aortae. This condition is associated with severe hypertension, which is usually the indication for intervention. Open surgery is the primary treatment and it typically involves thoracoaortic bypass (TAB), and less commonly patch aortoplasty (PA). Bypass to the visceral vessels has also been performed in conjunction with TAB or PA. The majority undergoing intervention for SAAC are children and adolescents; therefore, the benefits of surgical intervention must ...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Invited commentary Source Type: research
Authors: BaHammam AS, Almeneessier AS Abstract Previous studies have assessed the role of gender and menopause in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). It is well known that menopause is a major risk factor for OSA. However, analogous studies on obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS) are limited. Recent studies have suggested that OHS is more prevalent in postmenopausal women. Moreover, women with OHS seem to have excess comorbidities, including hypothyroidism, hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, compared to men. In the present perspective, we discuss recent data on the prevalence and comorbiditie...
Source: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Open Respir Med J Source Type: research
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Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Radiation Oncology Source Type: forums
ConclusionThe CAPACITY HFpEF trial will provide data on short-term safety and efficacy of praliciguat on peak exercise capacity, as well as multiple secondary endpoints of submaximal functional capacity, patient-reported outcomes, and biomarkers.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusions The clinical trials discussed here, which include several trials investigating novel therapeutic targets, demonstrate that translational research in pemphigus and pemphigoid is a fast-growing field. We thus expect that several novel treatments will be shortly available for the treatment of pemphigus and pemphigoid patients. Given the high, and thus far unmet, medical need in this field (110), this is highly encouraging and will hopefully improve the quality of life of the affected patients. In addition to the compounds and targets described here, several new targets have been recently identified in preclinical...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
We describe and discuss novel therapeutic strategies that directly interfere with the production and regulation of pathogenic autoantibodies (rituximab), their catabolism (intravenous immunoglobulins), and their presence in the circulation and extravascular tissues such as the skin (immunoadsorption), leading to a significant amelioration of disease. Moreover, we show that these novel therapies have pleiotropic effects on various proinflammatory cells and cytokines. Recent studies in bullous pemphigoid suggest that targeting of immunoglobulin E autoantibodies (omalizumab) may be also beneficial. In summary, the introductio...
Source: Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Dermatol Online J - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Dermatol Online J Source Type: research
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Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
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Source: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Drug triggering should be suspected in every case of newly diagnosed or exacerbated pemphigus, as eliminating possible PV/PF triggers/sustainers may alleviate the clinical symptoms and enable the decrease of dose/range of immunosuppressants regardless of pemphigus form. Eliminating possible drug PV/PF triggers/sustainers may alleviate the clinical symptoms and enable the decrease of dose/range of immunosuppressants regardless of pemphigus form. PMID: 26528346 [PubMed]
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
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