Posttraumatic stress, panic disorder, violence, and recidivism among local jail detainees.

Posttraumatic stress, panic disorder, violence, and recidivism among local jail detainees. Int J Prison Health. 2019 Dec 05;15(4):366-375 Authors: Combs E, Guston K, Kopak A, Raggio A, Hoffmann NG Abstract PURPOSE: Most research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and offending has been conducted with special populations (e.g. veterans and female inmates) and generally overlooks the additive effect of panic disorder (PD) in offending patterns. The purpose of this paper is to assess the prevalence of PTSD and PD among jail inmates, while simultaneously examining the relationships between these disorders, offending types and frequency. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A random sample of adults recently booked into a local county jail participated in the Comprehensive Addictions and Psychological Evaluation-5 (CAAPE-5), a structured psychological assessment. The study sample was comprised of 200 male and 83 female inmates. FINDINGS: Indications of PTSD were observed among 44.0 percent of male inmates and 57.8 percent of female inmates. Most male inmates (78.4 percent) with positive PTSD indications also met criteria for PD, with a similar proportion (78.1 percent) of female inmates also meeting criteria for both. The combination of PTSD and PD was not associated with offending frequency, but inmates presenting indications of both PTSD and PD were more likely to be charged with a violent offense relative to those with only PTSD. PRACTICAL IMPL...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - Category: Criminology Authors: Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

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With the summer in full swing. Many of us are looking ahead to July 4th, planning time away from work and looking forward to a well needed break. For most Americans, Independence Day reflects a day of fun, having barbecues with close friends and family, eating wonderful food and rejoicing at night under the fireworks. For some Americans, however, fireworks and crowds are a major trigger for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, inducing flashbacks, hypervigilance and sweating, among other symptoms. While in the general population, approximately 7-8% of people have PTSD at some point in their lives, this number increases to 10% i...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General PTSD Self-Help Trauma 4th Of July Combat Veteran Fireworks Hypersensitivity triggers Source Type: blogs
Conclusion Currently available pharmacotherapies for PTSD are poorly effective on a substantial proportion of patients. Given this high rate of pharmacological unresponsiveness, further studies are needed to extend the knowledge of the basic mechanisms associated with the pathophysiology of this disorder. The findings discussed in this review suggest that DAergic dysfunction, especially genetic-dependent DAergic alteration, plays a prominent role in the pathophysiology of PTSD; as a consequence, drugs targeting the DAergic system might be therapeutically relevant. A better understanding of how and which DAergic dysfunctio...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional exp...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study supports existing research showing promise for the application of rt-fMRI neurofeedback in the treatment of problems like PTSD, addiction and depression that are associated with heightened amygdala activation. The clinical potential of this technique, bridging the worlds of neurobiology and psychotherapy, is clear. That said, fMRI scanning is an expensive business, so it may be a while before a new world of personalised mental health interventions reveals itself. —Training emotion regulation through real-time fMRI neurofeedback of amygdala activity Post written by Eleanor Morgan (@eleanormorgan) for B...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain guest blogger Mental health Source Type: blogs
Panic Disorders Panic Disorders are a form of anxiety. They are sudden and repeated attacks of fear that last for several minutes or longer. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, panic attacks are characterized by a fear of disaster or of losing control even when there is no real danger. A person may also have a strong physical reaction during a panic attack, and they are often confused with having a heart attack since symptoms are very similar. Panic attacks can occur at any time, and many people with panic disorders worry about and dread the possibility of having another attack. Symptoms of a panic attack...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction to Pharmaceuticals Anxiety PTSD anxiety and addiction anxiety medication benzodiazepines general anxiety disorder managing anxiety Source Type: blogs
 We all know that addiction, severe depression, and other conditions change our personality. What few know, however, is just how deeply ingrained that change can be, and how difficult (and scary) it can be to try to become “ourselves” again. In this episode, we examine such changes through the experiences of our guest, who overcame depression and addiction, and now helps others do the same. Subscribe to Our Show! And Remember to Review Us! About Our Guest David Essel, MS, OM, is a number one best-selling author (10), counselor, master life coach, international speaker and ministe...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Depression General Recovery The Psych Central Show Addiction David Essel Gabe Howard Personality Vincent M. Wales Source Type: blogs
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Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
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Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Addiction Treatment and Program Resources Alcohol Anxiety Drinking Drug Treatment Mental Health PTSD Substance Abuse alcoholism co-occurring disorder co-occurring disorders co-occurring disorders trea Source Type: blogs
What is Anxiety? Having anxiety is a difficult issue suffered by millions. It is much more than just butterflies in your stomach before going on stage or before an important event – it can be crippling and can cause severe impacts on one’s life, and you may need to be on anxiety medication to help with the symptoms. According to anxiety.org, there are many anxiety-related disorders, and they are divided into three main categories: Anxiety disorders Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders Trauma and stressor-related disorders Anxiety disorders are characterized by a general feature of excessive fear (i.e. e...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Addiction to Pharmaceuticals Anxiety Drug Rehab Information Drug Treatment PTSD anxiety medication benzodiazepines Source Type: blogs
Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders Anxiety is a complex condition that affects millions of people all over the world. It is a broad term in itself and can look different on everybody. It is literally defined as: “a nervous disorder characterized by a state of excessive uneasiness and apprehension, typically with compulsive behavior or panic attacks.” Often times, anxiety and addiction can also go hand-in-hand. Much like anxiety, panic attacks can be completely different for everybody who experiences them. You may experience all symptoms, or only some. Some symptoms of anxiety and panic attacks may include: Rapid he...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Addiction to Pharmaceuticals Addiction Treatment and Program Resources Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism Anxiety Drug Rehab Information Drug Treatment Dual Diagnosis and Eating Disorder Treatment Source Type: blogs
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