Temperature of embryo culture for assisted reproduction.

CONCLUSIONS: This review evaluated different temperatures for embryo culture during IVF. There is a lack of evidence for the majority of outcomes in this review. Based on very low-quality evidence, we are uncertain if incubating at a lower temperature than 37°C improves pregnancy outcomes. More RCTs are needed for comparing different temperatures of embryo culture which require reporting of clinical outcomes as live birth, miscarriage, clinical pregnancy and adverse events. PMID: 31529804 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

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Asherman syndrome (AS) is an acquired condition defined by the presence of intrauterine adhesions (IUAs) that result when the bona fide endometrium is replaced by fibrotic tissues. IUAs provoke symptoms such as menstrual abnormalities, pelvic pain, recurrent miscarriage, infertility, abnormal placentation, and attendant psychological distress (1). The destruction of healthy endometrium arises from multiple factors that affect the endometrial stem cell niche and create IUAs. The most common is curettage of the pregnant uterus after delivery of miscarriage.
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Fertile battle Source Type: research
ConclusionsFIGO type 3 fibroid ≥30 mm or multiple fibroids might exert deleterious impact on implantation, clinical pregnancy and live birth rate of IVF cycles.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Authors: Nourollahpour Shiadeh M, Cassinerio E, Modarres M, Zareiyan A, Hamzehgardeshi Z, Behboodi Moghadam Z Abstract β-thalassaemia major (BTM) has a high prevalence worldwide and is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The aim of this review is to provide an illustrative overview of the reproductive health and pregnancy related issues in females with β-thalassaemia. A literature search was performed in four international databases (1980-2018) to identify the potentially relevant articles. Common reproductive health disorders are hypo-gonadotrophic hypogonadism, infertility, delayed or ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There is limited evidence to determine the role of myomectomy for infertility in women with fibroids as only one trial compared myomectomy with no myomectomy. If the decision is made to have a myomectomy, the current evidence does not indicate a superior method (laparoscopy, laparotomy or different electrosurgical systems) to improve rates of live birth, preterm delivery, clinical pregnancy, ongoing pregnancy, miscarriage, or caesarean section. Furthermore, the existing evidence needs to be viewed with caution due to the small number of events, minimal number of studies and very low-quality evidence. PMID...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Conclusion: Normal high-serum TSH levels within the reference range (0.4-4.0 mIU/L) measured before treatment seemed to have no adverse impact on the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing their first IUI treatment cycle. PMID: 31933640 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the effects of phytocannabinoids, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), in proliferation and differentiation of ESCs, as well as, in E2 metabolism/signaling. We found that CBD, but not THC, inhibits ESCs differentiation. We also show that CBD prevents the increase on transcript levels of CYP19A1 gene and the elevation of E2 levels that are observed in differentiating ESCs. Moreover, we found that CBD presents anti-aromatase activity. In overall, we highlight a novel effect of CBD on human endometrial differentiation, which may lead to infertility problems.
Source: Reproductive Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
Infertility is currently a growing problem observed around the world and is estimated to affect between 8 and 12% of reproductive-aged couples worldwide. Artificial reproductive techniques are the last chance for couples seeking their own child. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G expression has been suggested as an immunomodulatory molecule that influences pregnancy outcome. The HLA-G gene encodes either membrane-bound or/and soluble proteins. The aim of this study was the evaluation of the role of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) and its gene polymorphism in successful implantation after in vitro fertilization embryo transfers (IVF-ET...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: While avoiding unnecessary embryo transfers and miscarriages are important goals, patients and doctors need to be aware of the high cost implications of applying PGT-A using aCGH on polar bodies. FUNDING: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. The ESTEEM study was funded by the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology. Illumina provided microarrays and other consumables necessary for aCGH testing of polar bodies. PMID: 31930663 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: BJOG Source Type: research
ConclusionsAOA was able to “rescue” the poor reproductive outcomes in certain types of infertile couples with history of failure pregnancy.
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
Objective: To compare the effects of letrozole and human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG) in the treatment of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) resistant to clomiphene citrate (CC). Methods: A total of 96 clomiphene resistance polycystic ovary syndrome patients infertility were randomly divided into an LE group, and HMG group (n = 48). LE group orally received letrozole at 5.0 mg/d−1 on the 3rd–5th days of menstrual cycle for 5 consecutive days, and 75 U/d−1 HMG was given through intramuscular injection for 5 days starting from the third day of menstrual cycle in HMG group. Number o...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Trial/Experimental Study Source Type: research
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