The IRAA and SLAA: Moving Beyond Nonviolent Drug Offenders to Address Mass Incarceration

Jonathan Blanks“Mass incarceration” has become the term to describe the millions of people held in jails and prisons throughout the United States. The oft-cited statistic that Americans make up roughly5 percent of the world ’s population but hold 25 percent of the global prisoners remains true. Part of the reason for this is that the United States incarcerates individuals for much longer sentences than most of the rest of the world. And while nonviolent drug offenders serving decades-long draconian sentences have gotten the most attention in legislation, presidential debates, andexecutive commutations, the data show that most people who are serving time in prison are in for violent offenses. Now, what “violent” means varies by jurisdiction—illegal possession of firearms, being a driver of a getaway car, and burglaries against vacant properties can nevertheless be considered violent in some states—but meaningfully reducing our incarcerated population will unquestionably require releasing p eople who have been convicted of serious violent crimes.If you just flinched a bit, bear with me.Most people who are sentenced to prison are going to be released at some point. They will at some point be expected —indeed, obligated—to rejoin society. So, for most inmates, the issue of release is a question of “when” not “if.” It follows, then, that if we want to reduce the prison population, we may be able to use e...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs

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Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Journal of Health EconomicsAuthor(s): Dimitris Christelis, Dimitris Georgarakos, Anna Sanz-de-GaldeanoAbstractEconomic theory predicts that a reduction in background risk should induce financial risk-taking, particularly for individuals with low stock market participation costs. Hence, health insurance coverage could affect financial risk-taking by offsetting health-related background risk. We use a regression discontinuity design to examine whether Medicare eligibility at age 65 increases stockholding in the US and find that it does so for those with college educa...
Source: Journal of Health Economics - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
In this study, serum IL6 was measured by ELISA, and the HSD11B1rs12086634(T/G) polymorphism was analyzed using a TaqMan allelic discrimination assay technique. There were statistically significant differences between the two studied groups concerning the serum IL-6 level and HSD11B1rs12086634(T/G) genotype distribution, with increased serum IL6 and increased frequencies of the GG and TG genotypes in patients with PCO. The GG genotype of HSD11B1 rs12086634(T/G) and its associated high level of serum IL-6 may represent genetic risk factors for PCOS.
Source: Meta Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Tom Marcelissen, Kevin Rademakers
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Zhengzheng Xu, Guangzhe Ge, Bao Guan, Zhentao Lei, Xueyu Hao, Yuanyuan Zhou, Yue Shi, Huan Lu, Jilu Wang, Ding Peng, XiKang Wu, Huiying He, Bao Zhang, Xuesong Li, Liqun Zhou, Weimin Ci
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Pirus Ghadjar, Thomas Wiegel
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Elise De Bleser, Piet Ost
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe CFQL-2 is a brief, reliable scale that effectively measures psychosocial aspects of QoL and is sensitive to changes in QoL in families of children with ASD or related neurodevelopmental disorders. Child externalizing behavior is strongly associated with reductions in multiple aspects of child and family psychosocial QoL.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionThis meta-analysis suggested a significant association between MTHFR gene polymorphism (C677T and A1298C) and ASD risk.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionGiven that obtaining negative margins is important in reducing the risk of recurrence, the method of surgical resection utilized is based on the amount of future functional residual hepatic parenchyma.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsTattooing of axillary LNs is safe and easily performed. Tattooing was helpful in identifying the marked LN in the majority of cases. This technique helps to ensure that metastatic LNs are identified and removed at surgery after NAT.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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