Pierre Robin Sequence: Incidence of Speech-Correcting Surgeries and Fistula Formation.

CONCLUSION: Pierre Robin sequence in children is associated with a high incidence of SCS and fistula formation, which necessitates accurate clinical follow-up and observation of speech development. The development of VPI in PRS is complex and most likely involving multiple factors. PMID: 31530001 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Cleft Palate Craniofac J Source Type: research

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To identify child-, surgeon-, and hospital-specific factors at the time of primary cleft lip repair that are associated with the use of secondary cleft lip surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Forty-nine pediatric hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Children who underwent cleft lip repair between 1999 and 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Time from primary cleft lip repair to secondary lip surgery. RESULTS: By 5 years after primary lip repair, 24.0% of children had undergone a secondary lip surgery. In multivariable analysis, primary lip repair before 3 months had a 1.2...
Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Cleft Palate Craniofac J Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the timing, type, and associated adjunct procedures for secondary cleft rhinoplasty nationally. DESIGN: Data were extracted from a national database of all secondary cleft rhinoplasty procedures (Current Procedural Terminology [CPT] codes 30460 and 30462). Frequency statistics were utilized to analyze demographics, comorbidities, surgical procedures, and timing. Chi-squared analysis and Fisher exact test were used for analysis. SETTING: National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric Database. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1720 patients met inclusion criteria for sec...
Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Cleft Palate Craniofac J Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The timing and the surgical method is not of major importance as far as growth outcomes (SNA and ANB) in UCLP are concerned. REGISTRATION: ISRCTN29932826. PROTOCOL: The protocol was not published before trial commencement. PMID: 31586198 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Orthodontics - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Eur J Orthod Source Type: research
This study describes surgical outcomes of a 2-stage technique utilizing distraction osteogenesis combined with bone grafting and rigid fixation, which may optimize skeletal stability by reducing relapse. Methods: A retrospective review of CLP patients with severe maxillary hypoplasia evaluated by a single surgeon from 2003 to 2014 was performed. Twenty-one subjects were identified that underwent maxillary advancement via a 2-stage technique: (1) Le Fort I external rigid distraction using a HALO device, followed by (2) autologous iliac crest bone graft application and plate-fixation. Post-operative cephalograms were take...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Background: Cleft lip is the most common craniofacial malformation with an incidence of 1 in 700 live births. Our study sought to evaluate incidences and risk factors readmission following CLP repair using a well-validated national surgical database. Methods: All cleft lip repairs performed between 2012 and 2016 were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric Database. Patient demographics, surgical variables, and reasons for readmission were analyzed and identified. A binary logistic regression was performed to identify factors independently associated with ...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a single center's experience with adult patients who had cleft lip, cleft palate, or both. The authors aimed to identify common long-term needs in this patient population and evaluated the relationship of team-based care in meeting those needs. To do so, the authors retrospectively reviewed chart records from a single private practice and tertiary referral cleft center for all patients who were ≥15 years of age and who had a history of clefts of the lip or palate, or both, from January 1, 2013, to June 30, 2014. The authors compared the concerns of the patients who received clef...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: Coordinated prenatal evaluation of patients with cleft lip/palate by multidisciplinary centers plays an important role in the care of these complex patients. The results of the authors’ study demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity for the prenatal diagnosis of cleft lip/palate, leading to timely postnatal evaluation and treatment.
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Purpose: The aim of this study was to measure the cortical bone thickness of the infrazygomatic crest area in individuals with unilateral cleft lip and palate using cone beam computed tomography for placement of miniplates used for bone anchored maxillary protraction. Materials and Methods: CBCT scans were obtained from 31 non-syndromic UCLP children diagnosed with maxillary hypoplasia (17 males, 14 females, mean age: 11.9 years). 5 horizontal and 5 vertical reference planes were drawn at the infrazygomatic crest area. The cortical bone thickness at 25 intersection points on the cleft side and the non-cleft side was m...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Craniofacial microsomia (CFM) is a variable craniofacial malformation, related to the development of the structures originated from the first and second brachial arches, affecting skeletal tissue, soft tissue, and neuromuscular components. In the situation of subcutaneous tissue and chewing muscles hypoplasia, free tissue transfer is a treatment option. Dermal-fat graft allows easy modeling during surgery, volumetric gain and improvement of asymmetry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the facial contour and the percentage of symmetry after the use of dermal-fat graft in patients with CFM, who had already submitted to o...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Conclusions: Implementation of a modified ERAS protocol provided effective perioperative pain control allowing narcotic minimization, increased post-operative oral intake, and a shorter LOS without an increased complication rate.
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
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