No More Clitting Around: Let ’s Talk about Clitoris Transplants

Quality of life transplantations (e.g. hand, face, etc.), in contrast to life-saving transplantations (e.g. heart, lungs, etc.), have become increasingly popular and have gained more acceptance in the medical and lay communities. In the last two decades transplants for sexual and reproductive organs—specifically allogenic transplantations of the uterus, ovary, and penis—have emerged as yet another type of quality of life transplants. The purpose of uterus transplantations is to allow cisgender women with absolute uterine factor infertility to experience pregnancy. Although the first uterus transplantation took place in 2000, it was not until 2014 that there was a successful live birth baby gestated in a transplanted uterus. As of this year, 60 transplants have been reported worldwide with 13 children born as the result. In contrast to women seeking uterus transplantations, those who undergo ovary transplantations have a functioning uterus but lack functioning ovaries. Rather than using IVF to conceive, women can receive an ovary transplant (usually just a slice of ovary rather than an entire ovary) so that they begin ovulating and can conceive via heterosexual intercourse or intrauterine insemination. Shockingly, the first performed ovary transplantation occurred in 1895 and that there was even a reported birth in 1906, though it is unclear if this birth was a direct result of the ovary transplant. Ovary transplants were neglected for about a century until the ear...
Source: blog.bioethics.net - Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Tags: Health Care assisted reproduction feminist ethics reproductive medicine Sex and Sexuality surgical ethics syndicated transplantation Women's Reproductive Rights Source Type: blogs

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Authors: Pfeifer CR, Irianto J, Discher DE Abstract As a cancer cell invades adjacent tissue, penetrates a basement membrane barrier, or squeezes into a blood capillary, its nucleus can be greatly constricted. Here, we examine: (1) the passive and active deformation of the nucleus during 3D migration; (2) the nuclear structures-namely, the lamina and chromatin-that govern nuclear deformability; (3) the effect of large nuclear deformation on DNA and nuclear factors; and (4) the downstream consequences of mechanically stressing the nucleus. We focus especially on recent studies showing that constricted migration caus...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Schumacher L Abstract Collective cell migration is a key process in developmental biology, facilitating the bulk movement of cells in the morphogenesis of animal tissues. Predictive understanding in this field remains challenging due to the complexity of many interacting cells, their signalling, and microenvironmental factors - all of which can give rise to non-intuitive emergent behaviours. In this chapter we discuss biological examples of collective cell migration from a range of model systems, developmental stages, and spatial scales: border cell migration and haemocyte dispersal in Drosophila, gastrula...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Banerjee S, Marchetti MC Abstract Collective cell migration plays a central role in tissue development, morphogenesis, wound repair and cancer progression. With the growing realization that physical forces mediate cell motility in development and physiology, a key biological question is how cells integrate molecular activities for force generation on multicellular scales. In this review we discuss recent advances in modeling collective cell migration using quantitative tools and approaches rooted in soft matter physics. We focus on theoretical models of cell aggregates as continuous active media, where the...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Yang Y, Jolly MK, Levine H Abstract Collective cell migration plays key roles in various physiological and pathological processes in multicellular organisms, including embryonic development, wound healing, and formation of cancer metastases. Such collective migration involves complex crosstalk among cells and their environment at both biochemical and mechanical levels. Here, we review various computational modeling strategies that have been helpful in decoding the dynamics of collective cell migration. Most of such attempts have focused either aspect - mechanical or biochemical regulation of collective cel...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In this review, the recent findings about the renoprotective agents were evaluated and screened with respect to the use of 99mTc-DMSA , which is preclinically and clinically used for animal cases and cancer patients under the treatment by radiotherapy and chemotherapy. PMID: 31612808 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Radiopharmaceuticals - Category: Radiology Tags: Curr Radiopharm Source Type: research
Abstract Organisms can change their environment and in doing so change the selection they experience and how they evolve. Population density is one potential mediator of such interactions because high population densities can impact the ecosystem and reduce resource availability. At present, such interactions are best known from theory and laboratory experiments. Here we quantify the importance of such interactions in nature by transplanting guppies from a stream where they co-occur with predators into tributaries that previously lacked both guppies and predators. If guppies evolve solely because of the immediate ...
Source: The American Naturalist - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Am Nat Source Type: research
Conclusion: These observations disclosed that Ras-ERK1/2 promoted the development of lung cancer via decreasing H3K18ac through MDM2-mediated GCN5 degradation. These findings might provide a new therapeutic strategy for lung cancer. PMID: 31613681 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pharmaceutical Biology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Pharm Biol Source Type: research
New J. Chem., 2019, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C9NJ02990G, PaperXin Fu, Hua-qin Zhang, JUN Zhao, Lu-lu Yu, Qing-rong Liang, Yu Zhang, xiuguang yi, yong-xiu Li, Ji-long Hu, yuanqiao he, Qun Tang Colloidal gadolinium arsenite has been developed as arsenic trioxide nanoparticle prodrug (ATONP) by our group in the past five years, and it has illustrated highly promising for cancer therapy. Here... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - New J. Chem. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionRACRS is safe in the treatment of patients with stage I –III colorectal cancer. Oncological outcome did not differ between RACRS and LCRS groups. RACRS had lower conversion and intra-operative complication rates.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn conclusion, PLDRH is a feasible and safe procedure with a learning curve of 65 –70 cases.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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