42 - A Multicentre, Prospective, Observational Study of Diabetes Self-Management and Behavioural Change in Newly Referred Patients to Diabetes Education Centres

Publication date: October 2019Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes, Volume 43, Issue 7, SupplementAuthor(s): James M. Bowen, Robert B. Hopkins, LIFENG Xie, Gord Blackhouse, Daria J. O’reilly
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Authors: Mohamed AA, Lu XL, Mounmin FA Abstract Esophageal candidiasis (EC) is the most common type of infectious esophagitis. In the gastrointestinal tract, the esophagus is the second most susceptible to candida infection, only after the oropharynx. Immunocompromised patients are most at risk, including patients with HIV/AIDS, leukemia, diabetics, and those who are receiving corticosteroids, radiation, and chemotherapy. Another group includes those who used antibiotics frequently and those who have esophageal motility disorder (cardiac achalasia and scleroderma). Patients complained of pain on swallowing, difficu...
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundObesity has become a global epidemic. Surgical treatment of obesity and metabolic disorders in China is increasing rapidly, but it is still a new discipline even to health professionals. As an important member of the multidisciplinary team, the knowledge and attitudes of nurses provide crucial health care to the patients and support to surgeons.ObjectivesTo study the Chinese nurses ’ knowledge of obesity and metabolic disorders, and attitudes towards bariatric surgery and to improve their capability of work in this new discipline.MethodsThis is a multicenter study, with the questionnaire distributed...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic obstructive pulmonary (COPD), are usually accompanied by several comorbidities. Aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of comorbidities in OSA and COPD-OSA overlap syndrome (OS) patients and to explore differences between these two groups.Methods: Included were consecutive OS (n=163, 138 males, AHI>5/h and FEV1/FVC5/h and FEV1/FVC>0.7), matched in terms of gender, age, BMI, and smoking history, diagnosed with polysomnography and pulmonary function testing.Results: As mentioned, the two groups were matched in age (p=0.221), BMI (p=0.496) and neck circumfer...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and control of breathing Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewObesity is associated with multiple gastrointestinal and liver diseases such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, Barrett ’s esophagus, esophageal adenocarcinoma, cholelithiasis, colon polyps, and fatty liver disease. To effectively manage obesity, it is imperative to understand current and emerging therapies and procedures.FindingsObesity is becoming increasingly prevalent and is associated with a growing monetary health care burden. Cardiac disease, cerebrovascular disease, and diabetes are among the leading causes of preventable and premature death of Americans related to obesity. In additi...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Discussion Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a clefting problem of the brain. “[HPE] the result of incomplete or absent midline division of the embryonic forebrain into distinct cerebral hemispheres (prosencephalon) between the 18th and 28th day after conception.” There are four distinct subtypes: Alobar – both hemispheres are completely fused and are not separated into the left and right hemispheres. There is agenesis of the corpus callosum, arrhinencephaly and a single ventricle with fused thalami. Facial features are almost always affected. Semilobar – the cerebral hemispheres are fused anteriorly bu...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
r N Abstract PURPOSE: To test whether Schirmer test (ST) results are associated with topical or systemic medication and to evaluate the distribution of tear fluid quantity in a 3-min and 5-min ST. METHODS: The Gutenberg Health Study is a population-based, prospective, observational cohort study in Germany. ST was assessed in a sub-cohort of 1,999 participants. ST was performed under topical anesthesia for 5 min (ST-5) or of 3 min (ST-3). Anthropometric factors, systemic diseases, use of systemic and eye medications were recorded. We used multivariable quantile regression analysis to assess the influence o...
Source: The Ocular Surface - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Ocul Surf Source Type: research
Look at Pamela’s spectacular progress that began with the Wheat Belly 10-Day Grain Detox and posted on the Detox Facebook page, showing her standing in ONE LEG of her old pants! Her experience illustrates just how awful health, weight, and life can get on the wrong way of eating, but also just how dramatic the changes can be when you finally get it right. “It’s a long one, but hang with me! “I’ve been debating whether to share this picture or not… I found my ‘before’ pants and decided to see what would happen… I thought I’d take another picture after I put on so...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Open autoimmune Detox Inflammation joint pain Weight Loss wheat belly Source Type: blogs
AbstractIntroductionSleeve gastrectomy (SG) has overtaken Roux-En-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) as the most common bariatric procedure worldwide. However, there is little long-term data comparing the two procedures.ObjectivesWe perform a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing 5-year outcomes of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing RYGB and SG.MethodsMedline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and NHS Evidence were searched for English language RCTs comparing RYGB with SG and assessed weight loss and/or comorbidity resolution at 5 years.ResultsFive studies were included in the final analysis. Meta-analysis demonstrates...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
In this study, 414 Emirati patients with RA were evaluated over a 3-year period from April 2015 to April 2018. All patients fulfilled the 2010 RA ACR/EULAR criteria and were assessed for demographic and clinical characteristics. The estimated RA prevalence rate in our population cohort was 2.72%. Females showed predominance (80%) with a higher body mass index (31.4 ± 6.61, P = 0.0001) compared to males (28.8 ± 6.03, P = 0.0001). The most frequent comorbidity observed was dyslipidemia (43.5%) followed by hypertension (37.9%), diabetes mellitus (34.5%), and gastroesophageal reflux di...
Source: International Journal of Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Int J Rheumatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The paper demonstrates that the autonomic dysfunction of nervous system (on a par with insulin resistance) is the main link in the development of MetS. This provides the basis for including the mentioned states - cardiac autonomic neuropathy, lower urinary tract symptoms and gastroesophageal reflux disease - into the MetS cluster. PMID: 31589129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
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