Anti-PD-1 therapy combined with chemotherapy in patients with advanced biliary tract cancer

ConclusionsAnti-PD-1 therapy plus chemotherapy is an effective and tolerable approach for advanced BTC.
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Abstract Despite the depth of knowledge concerning the pathogenesis of melanoma, the most aggressive type of skin cancer, the prognosis and survival of patients still remain a challenge. In addition, responses to chemotherapy and immunotherapy are still poor, which underscore an urgent need in the development of new therapeutic strategies for the treatment of melanoma. Recently, the dynamic role of autophagy has gained considerable interest in the pathogenesis and treatment of melanoma. Whereas a decrease in autophagy activity promotes melanoma formation by increasing oncogene-induced tumorigenesis and DNA damage ...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
Lung cancer is the most common malignant tumor with the highest mortality, and about 84% are non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, only a small proportion of patients with newly diagnosed lung tumors can receive curative surgery and have a high risk of postoperative recurrence. At present, there are many perioperative treatment methods being continuously explored, such as chemotherapy and targeted therapy, continuously enriching the content of neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy in early-stage NSCLC. But disappointingly, for patients with driver gene mutation, the significant disease-free survival (DFS) benefit of targ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City has begun recruiting patients with pleural mesothelioma for its latest — and potentially most promising — clinical trial involving T-cell therapy. The novel study stems from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s recent Investigational Drug Application approval of ATA2271, a chimeric antigen receptor known as CAR T-cell therapy. This latest therapy will be tested in a phase I, dose-escalation clinical trial. It will involve the removal and genetic modification of a patient’s T cells, a type of white blood cell, that will be separated in the la...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
The EO771 cell line presents a molecular pattern ER α‐, ERβ +, PR+ and ErbB2+ and could be considered as a luminal B subtype. The EO771 tumour‐bearing mouse model presents the great interest of developing an immunocompetent mammary neoplastic model using an orthotopic injection. AbstractAmong mouse mammary tumor models, syngeneic cell lines present an advantage for the study of immune response. However, few of these models are well characterized. The tumor line EO771 is derived from spontaneous breast cancer of C57BL/6 mice. These cells are widely used but are referenced under different names: EO771, EO 771,...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
Pancreatic cancer is considered a lethal disease with a low survival rate due to its late-stage diagnosis, few opportunities for resection and lack of effective therapeutic strategies. Multiple, highly complex effects of gut microbiota on pancreatic cancer have been recognized as potential strategies for targeting tumorigenesis, development and treatment in recent decades; some of the treatments include antibiotics, probiotics, and fecal microbiota transplantation. Several bacterial species are associated with carcinogenesis of the pancreas, while some bacterial metabolites contribute to tumor-associated low-grade inflamma...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract Malignant pleural mesothelioma is an aggressive, deadly cancer often requiring input from multiple medical disciplines. Treatment has evolved over the last several decades with increasing evidence and ongoing advances in chemotherapy, radiation, and immunotherapy; however, no standard treatment regimen has yet been defined. Regardless of the overall strategy, surgery remains the foundation of treatment to remove macroscopic disease, and preservation of lung parenchyma via extended pleurectomy/decortication may be preferable to extrapleural pneumonectomy. PMID: 33012435 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Thorac Surg Clin Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: A large number of novel therapeutic strategies are currently under investigation. They include a broad range of therapies targeting diverse biologic processes. However, only a small number of novel therapies are in late-stage testing, suggesting that future progress is likely several years away, and dependent on the success of early-stage trials. PMID: 33014285 [PubMed]
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Largely unexpected, only 78 of 1227 tested cancer patients showed a COVID ‐19 infection of which only three patients were symptomatic, ranging from mild symptoms to pneumonia. These data clearly contrast the view that oncology patients are particularly vulnerable to SARS‐CoV‐2 and suggest that necessary chemotherapies could be continued or started despite the ongoin g pandemic. One explanation could be the immunosuppressive effect of simultaneous systemic therapy which will be further investigated. AbstractOncologic patients are regarded as the population most at risk of developing a severe course of COVID ‐19 due ...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
chele Milella Antitumor therapies have made great strides in recent decades. Chemotherapy, aggressive and unable to discriminate cancer from healthy cells, has given way to personalized treatments that, recognizing and blocking specific molecular targets, have paved the way for targeted and effective therapies. Melanoma was one of the first tumor types to benefit from this new care frontier by introducing specific inhibitors for v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B (BRAF), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK), v-kit Hardy–Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KIT), and, recently, immun...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Bladder cancer (BC) is the 10th most common cancer worldwide. Approximately one quarter of patients with BC have muscle-invasive disease (MIBC). Muscle-invasive disease carries a poor prognosis and choosing the optimal treatment option is critical to improve patients’ outcomes. Ongoing research supports the role of 2-deoxy-2-(18F)fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET) in guiding patient-specific management decisions throughout the course of MIBC. As an imaging modality, 18F-FDG PET is acquired simultaneously with either computed tomography (CT) or MRI to offer a hybrid approach combining anatomic...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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