Epidemiological and Molecular Investigations on Salmonella Responsible for Gastrointestinal Infections in the Southwest of Shanghai From 1998 to 2017

ConclusionThe features of onset, epidemiological characteristics and molecular subtyping of Salmonella were conducive to clinical diagnosis, rational use of antibiotics and improved therapeutic efficacy.
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsExtra-pelvic endometriosis, traditionally thought to be rare, have been reported in a considerable number of cases. Heightened awareness and clinical suspicion of the disease, and multi-disciplinary approach is recommended to achieve prompt diagnosis and optimize patient outcomes. At this time, there are no comparative studies to provide recommendations regarding optimal diagnostic methods, treatment options and outcomes for endometriosis involving extra-pelvic sites.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionsGVS appeared as a well-tolerated and powerful procedure for the relief of experimental pain, probably through physiological interaction within insular nociceptive networks. Either isolated or in combination with other types of vestibular activation (e.g., optokinetic stimuli), GVS deserves being tested in clinical settings.
Source: Brain Stimulation - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Jaspreet Dhanda, James Gray, Ellen Knox, Amreen Bashir
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionIn summary, our results show that farms are an important reservoir of colistin-resistant E.coli, added to other additional genes, such as blaESBL. The transfer of manure from animals to soil and irrigation water might be spreading a mix of multiple resistances, posing a worrying threat to human health.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study aimed to correlate Shigella/EIEC virulence-related genes (VRGs) with clinical symptoms, nutritional status and coenteropathogens in children from the Brazilian semiarid region. We designed a case-control study of community diarrhea in six cities of the Brazil semiarid region with 1200 children aging 2-36 months. Standardized questionnaire was applied for collecting sociodemographic, nutritional status and clinical information of the children. DNA samples were extracted from stools and diagnosed for Shigella/EIEC using PCR-based approaches. Positive samples were tested for 28 VRGs using four multiplex PCRs. Intes...
Source: International Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Int J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 009 The diagnosis of HIV is no longer fatal and the term AIDS is becoming less frequent. In many countries, people with HIV are living longer than those with diabetes. This post will hopefully teach the basics of a complex disease and demystify some of the potential diseases you need to consider in those who are severely immunosuppressed. While trying to be comprehensive this post can not be exhaustive (as you can imagine any patient with ...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
A 45-year-old man originally from Peru was referred for endoscopic evaluation for ongoing symptoms of generalized abdominal pain and bloating. His symptoms had been present for more than 20 years but had worsened recently. His last travel to Peru was 4 years ago. Stool examination for ova and parasite were negative. Stool cultures for Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, Escherichia coli O157, and Yersinia infections also were  negative. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed normal-appearing stomach and duodenum.
Source: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Image of the Month Source Type: research
Conclusion Constant antibiotic surveillance is warranted because the bacteria were highly resistant to various antimicrobials. Our study contributes to the strengthening of the existing surveillance system and provides aid for effective prevention and control strategies for childhood diarrhea.
Source: Gut Pathogens - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Salmonella has been identified as the third-most frequent cause of diarrhea from 1998–2006, as the second-most frequent cause from 2006–2010, and as the most frequent cause from 2011–2013, which was mainly due to a sharp decrease of V. parahaemolyticus infections in 2011–2013. Salmonella strains collected in 2011–2013 showed high susceptibility to imipenem (100%) and meropenem (100%), whereas susceptibilities for ampicillin (39%) and piperacillin (40%) were low.
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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