First bloodstream infection caused by Prevotella copri in a heart failure elderly patient with Prevotella -dominated gut microbiota: a case report

ConclusionsWe provide the first evidence for a clinically significant BSI caused byP. copri and its relationship to aPrevotella-rich gut microbiota in the HF patient setting. When strengthening the pathogenicity ofP. copri, the present case suggests that the gut may be a source of BSI caused by the rare anaerobic organism. Future studies are necessary to assess the role of the gut microbiota profiling for precise identification and targeted treatment of patients at high risk of BSI.
Source: Gut Pathogens - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionOur data show that sGC activator improves cardiomyocyte function, reduces inflammation and oxidative stress, improves sGC–PKG signaling, and normalizes hypertrophic kinases, indicating that it is a potential treatment option for HFpEF patients and perhaps also for cases with increased hypertrophic signaling.
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study demonstrated that Nrf2 deficiency promoted the increasing trend of autophagy during aging in skeletal muscle. Nrf2 deficiency and increasing age may cause excessive autophagy in skeletal muscle, which can be a potential mechanism for the development of sarcopenia. To What Degree is Chondrocyte Hypertrophy in Osteoarthritis Due to Cellular Senescence? https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/04/to-what-degree-is-chondrocyte-hypertrophy-in-osteoarthritis-due-to-cellular-senescence/ Senescent cells are large. They do not replicate, that function is disabled, but it is as if they go ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study we evaluated the beneficial effects of cardamonin (CAR), a flavone existing in Alpinia plant, on endotoxemia-induced cardiac dysfunction and the underlying mechanisms with focus on oxidative stress and apoptosis. Adult mice were exposed to LPS (4 mg/kg, i.p. for 6 h) prior to functional or biochemical assessments. CAR (20 mg/kg, p.o.) was administered to mice immediately prior to LPS challenge. We found that LPS challenge compromised cardiac contractile function, evidenced by compromised fractional shortening, peak shortening, maximal velocity of shortening/relengthening, enlarged LV end ...
Source: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Acta Pharmacol Sin Source Type: research
Authors: Sun B, Meng M, Wei J, Wang S Abstract Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRs) serve critical roles in various cellular processes and can be used as noninvasive biomarkers in human diseases. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of lncRNA plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) and miR-190a-5p on vascular endothelial cell (EC) proliferation and assess their clinical value in the diagnosis of chronic heart failure (CHF). The expression of PVT1 and miR-190a-5p was investigated using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. The interaction between PVT1 and miR-190a-5p was confirmed u...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationOur study provides the first evidence thatAkap1 deficiency exacerbates diabetic cardiomyopathy by impeding mitochondrial translocation of NDUFS1 to induce mitochondrial dysfunction and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Our findings suggest thatAkap1 upregulation has therapeutic potential for myocardial injury in individuals with diabetes.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Jin B, Ji F, Zuo A, Liu H, Qi L, He Y, Wang Q, Zhao P Abstract Heart failure (HF) is a disease with high morbidity and mortality. In patients with HF, decreased cardiac output and blood redistribution results in decreased intestinal perfusion and destruction of intestinal barrier. Microorganisms and endotoxins can migrate into the blood circulation, aggravating systemic inflammation and HF. Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is highly closed to the occurrence of HF. However, the exact mechanism between TMAO and HF remains unclear.To investigate the role of TMAO in transverse-tubule (T-tubule) in the cultured ca...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our studies show that Celastrol inhibits Ang II-induced cardiac dysfunction by inhibiting STAT3 activity. PMID: 32098592 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation Research - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ Res Source Type: research
In conclusion, taller body height at the entry to adulthood, supposed to be a marker of early-life environment, is associated with lower risk of dementia diagnosis later in life. The association persisted when adjusted for educational level and intelligence test scores in young adulthood, suggesting that height is not just acting as an indicator of cognitive reserve. A Comparison of Biological Age Measurement Approaches https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/02/a-comparison-of-biological-age-measurement-approaches/ Researchers here assess the performance of a range of approaches to measuring biological...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract Despite the development of new drugs and therapeutic strategies, mortality and morbidity related to heart failure (HF) remains high. It is also the leading cause of global mortality. Several concepts have been proposed to explore the underlying pathogenesis of HF, but there is still a strong need for more specific and complementary therapeutic options. In recent years, accumulating evidence has demonstrated that changes in the composition of gut microbiota, referred to as dysbiosis, might play a pivotal role in the development of several diseases, including HF. HF-associated decreased cardiac output, resu...
Source: ENDOCR REV - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Rev Endocr Metab Disord Source Type: research
AbstractDespite the development of new drugs and therapeutic strategies, mortality and morbidity related to heart failure (HF) remains high. It is also the leading cause of global mortality. Several concepts have been proposed to explore the underlying pathogenesis of HF, but there is still a strong need for more specific and complementary therapeutic options. In recent years, accumulating evidence has demonstrated that changes in the composition of gut microbiota, referred to as dysbiosis, might play a pivotal role in the development of several diseases, including HF. HF-associated decreased cardiac output, resulting in b...
Source: Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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