Axillary Artery Dissection and Thrombosis after Closed Proximal Humerus Fracture - a Rare Interdisciplinary Challenge.

CONCLUSION: Despite early diagnosis and management of this rare injury, the prognosis for functional recovery is guarded and largely dictated by the extent of neurological injury in the setting of concomitant brachial plexopathy. Brachial plexopathy is highly associated with axillary artery injury and its impact often underestimated in comparison due to its non-limb-threatening nature in the acute setting. Future studies should focus on the long-term prognosis for functional recovery in patients with this rare injury pattern. PMID: 31525793 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Zeitschrift fur Orthopadie und Unfallchirurgie - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Z Orthop Unfall Source Type: research

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Rationale: Cosmetic hyaluronic acid injections for facial soft tissue augmentation are gaining popularity because of their convenience and favorable outcomes. Several associated complications have been described; however, ophthalmic artery occlusion (OAO) combined with superior sagittal sinus thrombosis (SSST) has been rarely reported. Patient concerns: A 21-year-old woman presented with sudden loss of vision and severe pain in the left eye, right upper limb weakness, and headache immediately after hyaluronic acid injection on the left side of her forehead. Diagnosis: Clinical manifestations and multimodal imaging,...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Post by Smith and MeyersSam Ghali (https://twitter.com/EM_RESUS) just asked me (Smith):" Steve, do left main coronary artery *occlusions* (actual ones with transmural ischemia) have ST Depression or ST Elevation in aVR? "Smith and Meyers answer:First, LM occlusion is uncommon in the ED because most of these die before they can get a 12-lead recorded.But if they do present:The very common presentation of diffuse STD with reciprocal STE in aVR is NOT left main occlusion, though it might be due to subtotal LM ACS, but is much more often due to non-ACS conditions, especially demand ischemia. ...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: Journal of Cardiology CasesAuthor(s): Hiroki Okabe, Shinjo Sonoda, Koji Abe, Hideki Doi, Toshiyuki Matsumura, Yutaka OtsujiAbstractA 59-year-old female was brought to our emergency room with severe chest pain. Based on the electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiography, an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) was suspected. Her initial ECG showed ST elevation in the inferior leads (II, III, and aVF), which had progressed to involve the anterior leads (V2-V4) by the time she was shifted to the catheterization room. A coronary angiogram revealed total occlusion of the mid-left an...
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
​BY JENNIFER TUONG; IVAN KHARCHENKO; JEAN LUC AGARD; &AHMED RAZIUDDIN, MDA 65-year-old man who had HIV well-controlled with highly active antiretroviral therapy, hypertension, sciatica, and restless leg syndrome presented to the emergency department with left leg pain. He also had had chemotherapy and radiation for anal cancer. The patient said the pain had started 45 minutes earlier when he was sitting on the toilet.He described the pain as sore in quality and 10/10 on the pain scale. He reported that it had started in his lower back and radiated to his left leg. He said he had had no trauma or weakness to the regio...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
A patient with DM presented with acute chest pain.Here was his ED ECG:There isLVH in limb leads, with a 17 mm R-wave in aVL, and deep S-wave in inferior leads.With this much voltage, one expects some repolarization abnormalities.Indeed, there is a bit of ST depression in aVL (discordant to the tall R-wave) that does not appear to be out of proportion.There is inferior ST Elevation, but the S-waves are also of high voltage.Is this an inferior STEMI?  Or is the LVH with expected repolarization abnormalities? There is also some ST depression in V2.  Possible posterior involvement?CommentTo me, the inferior ST E...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
We present the case of a 49-year-oldman with atypical chest pain. Echocardiographic imaging described a giant unruptured aneurysm of the right sinus of Valsalva which was confirmed by cardiac computed tomography and coronary angiography. The obstruction of the right coronary artery without intravascular thrombosis and the compression of the right ventricular outflow tract with dynamic obstruction gradient represent the particularities of our case. PMID: 31063525 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research
Written by Pendell MeyersAn elderly female with known CAD and multiple stents, pacemaker, stroke, and COPD presented with 2 hours of midsternal, nonradiating chest pain at rest. Apparently on arrival to the ED the patient described her pain more as " crampy " abdominal pain, but also chest discomfort.Here is her initial ECG during active symptoms:What do you think?There is dual chamber paced rhythm (atrial and ventricular pacer spikes) with resulting LBBB-like morphology. There is massive excessively discordant STE in II, III, aVF, as well as V4-V6. There is reciprocal excessively discordant STD in I and aVL. Add...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
We report a case of a 35-year-old male mechanic who presented with pain at the base of the left thumb dorsally, with reproducible painful snapping on dynamic exam. Ultrasound demonstrated a fusiform aneurysm of the radial artery. At the level of the aneurysm, there was dynamic entrapment of the artery between the extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon and the underlying trapezium. The patient ’s symptoms improved with conservative management and avoidance of the snapping-producing maneuvers. To our knowledge, this is the first published case of snapping at the base of the thumb resulting in repetitive entrapment of th...
Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
A middle-aged woman with history of hypertension presented to another hospital approximately 2 hours after onset of chest pain and shortness of breath.This ECG was recorded on arrival:What do you think?This is technically a STEMI, with 1.5 mm STE in V1 and 1.5-2.0 mm in V2. The current criteria only require 1mm in V1 and 1.5mm in V2 for a female. However, I think many practitioners might not see this as a clear STEMI, and would instead call this " borderline. " The normal QRS complex with STE and large volume underneath the T-waves in V1-V3 confirm Occlusion MI (OMI). There is not technically STD in V6 and I, how...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Cardiologists are grappling with at least  half a dozen time windows  in the management of STEMI. (It can be combinations of any of the following :Symptom – DAPT Loading – Door – Needle /Balloon-Sheath, wire crossing etc ) Time windows are Important in choosing the right (or no)modality of re-perfusion . Though superiority of  primary PCI  is thought to be established in academic community , it  may not be in real world. Published studies that suggest pPCI is superior to lysis at any time window  still lack good evidence. Why is this long drawn confusion&n...
Source: Dr.S.Venkatesan MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: cath lab tips and tricks PCI PTCA Hardware Primary -PCI STEMI STEMI -Managment STEMI-Primary PCI Thrombolysis how to estimate the age of thrombus in stemi acs soft vs hard thrombus in stemi thrombus hardening time thrombus organising t Source Type: blogs
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