Gestational oxidative stress protects against adult obesity and insulin resistance

This study determined, if increased intrauterine oxidative stress (IUOx) affects adiposity, glucose and cholesterol metabolism in adult Ldlr−/−xSod2+/+ offspring from crossing male Ldlr−/−xSod2+/+ mice with Ldlr−/−xSod2 ± dams (IUOx) or Ldlr−/−xSod2 ± males with Ldlr−/−xSod2+/+ dams (control). At 12 weeks of age mice received Western diet for an additional 12 weeks. Adult male IUOx offspring displayed lower body weight and reduced adiposity associated with improved glucose tolerance compared to controls. Reduced weight gain in IUOx was conceivably due to increased energy dissipation in white adipose tissue conveyed by higher expression of Ucp1 and an accompanying decrease in DNA methylation in the Ucp1 enhancer region. Female offspring did not show comparable phenotypes. These results demonstrate that fetal oxidative stress protects against the obesogenic effects of Western diet in adulthood by programming energy dissipation in white adipose tissue at the level of Ucp1.Graphical abstract
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research

Related Links:

This study evaluates the effects of a chemically characterized polyphenolic extract of H. sabdariffa (HSE) in an experimental model of diet-induced obesity (DIO) in mice. HSE was administered daily by oral gave for 42 days. HSE reduced weight increase in high fat diet (HFD)-fed mice, and improved glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity and normalized LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio. It also enhanced the inflammatory state in the liver, reducing the expression of different adipokines and proinflammatory mediators, and reinforced gut integrity by increasing the expression of mucins and proteins involved in the maintenance of mucosa...
Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among first-time cancer patients was 27%. As obesity and cancer are of public concern in Mexico, the implementation of preventive strategies for MS patients, focusing on the first level of care during early stages in order to reduce the risk of cancer, is needed. PMID: 31610675 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nutricion Hospitalaria - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutr Hosp Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Nour A. Al-Sawalha, Osama Y. Alshogran, Mofleh S. Awawdeh, Basima A. AlmomaniAbstractAimsThe prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasing in several countries. The MetS is characterized by the occurrence of at least three of the following risk factors: decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, increased blood pressure, raised fasting blood glucose, elevated triglycerides, and abdominal obesity. There is a growing evidence of the role of l-carnosine in improving lipid profile and enhancement of the antioxidant activity. However,...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Albiflorin (AF) is a small molecule (MW 481) isolated from Paeoniae radix, a plant used as a remedy for various conditions with pathogenesis shared by metabolic diseases. Reported here is our characterization of its therapeutic profiles in three mouse models with distinctive pathological features of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Our results firstly showed that AF alleviated high fat (HF) induced obesity and associated glucose intolerance, suggesting its therapeutic efficacy for MetS. In the type 2 diabetes (T2D) model induced by a combination of HF and low doses of streptozotocin, AF lowered hyperglycaemia and improved insuli...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence of ED and evaluate the associated risk factors in a cohort of 254 young (18-49 years) nondiabetic obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30 kg m-2) men from primary care. Erectile function (International Index of Erectile Function [IIEF-5] questionnaire), quality of life (Aging Males' Symptoms [AMS scale]), and body composition analysis (Tanita MC-180MA) were determined. Total testosterone was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to study the factors associated with ED. ED prevalence was 4...
Source: Asian Journal of Andrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Asian J Androl Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the effects of a 12-week multicomponent intervention program in markers of metabolic syndrome and NAFLD in Brazilian overweight/obese low-income school-aged children.MethodsThis quasi-experimental study comprised overweight/obese school-aged children, aged 7 –13 years. The participants were assigned to intervention (n = 17) or control group (n = 18). The multicomponent intervention was developed during 12 weeks, consisting of exercise sessions (twice/week; 1 h), nutritional education sessions (once/month), and parental support (twice/week). The fol...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Gao RY, Hsu BG, Wu DA, Hou JS, Chen MC Abstract Background: Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) acts as a potent metabolic regulator. Serum FGF21 levels were significantly higher in obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between serum FGF21 levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in T2DM patients. Methods: Fasting blood samples were obtained from 126 T2DM patients. MetS and its components were defined according to the diagnostic criteria from the International Diabetes Federation. Serum FGF21 concentrations were measured using a comm...
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is estimated to affect up to one-third of the general population, and new therapies are urgently required. Our laboratory previously developed a controlled-release mitochondrial protonophore (CRMP) that is functionally liver-targeted and promotes oxidation of hepatic triglycerides. Although we previously demonstrated that CRMP safely reverses hypertriglyceridemia, fatty liver, hepatic inflammation, and fibrosis in diet-induced rodent models of obesity, there remains a critical need to assess its safety and efficacy in a model highly relevant to humans. Here, we evaluated the impact ...
Source: Science Translational Medicine - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and its risk factors among the police officers in a large city of China. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 10,348 police officers in 2017 in Changsha, a provincial capital located in central-south China. All participants underwent a physical examination to measure the compotents of MS and completed a questionnaire to collect data on potential risk factors. According to the current guidelines of China, MS was defined as the presence of any 3 of the following five traits: abdominal obesity, defined as a waist circumference ≥90 cm in me...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Anthropometric measurements are simple and useful methods for predicting metabolic syndrome (MetS) because obesity is a predominant feature of MetS. Although carotid intima-medial thickness (IMT) is generally used to evaluate subclinical atherosclerosis, the relationship between the optimal cut-off anthropometric values for predicting MetS and carotid IMT has not been analyzed in a Korean population. Anthropometric measurements including waist circumference (WC), waist hip ratio (WHR), waist height ratio (WHtR), body mass index (BMI), and carotid IMT were assessed in 2560 Korean subjects without previous history of cardio...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
More News: Biology | Cholesterol | Diets | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Insulin | Metabolic Syndrome | Nutrition | Obesity | Study