Meta-Analysis Highlights Potential Mental Health Benefits of Obesity Treatment for Youth

Despite the known benefits of weight loss for children and adolescents who are obese, some studies suggest that youth who diet may be at an increased risk of depression. Ameta-analysis published Monday inJAMA Pediatrics suggests obesity treatment in youth is not associated with an increased risk of depression or anxiety; rather, the analysis points to the mental health benefits of such programs for this population.“Structured and professionally run obesity treatment with a dietary component is associated with improvements in depression and anxiety for most participants,” wrote Hiba Jebeile, M.Nutr.Diet., of the University of Sydney and colleagues. “Treatment of weight concerns should be considered withi n the treatment plan for young people with depression and obesity.”To examine the relationship between obesity treatment interventions and anxiety/depression symptoms in youth who were overweight, the authors searched through electronic databases for studies of interventions for youth who were overweight/obese published between 1987 and 2018. Only studies that evaluated outcomes in youth who participated in interventions with a dietary component (such as nutritional education) and assessed youth for anxiety/depression before and after participating in the intervention were included in the analysis. (Studies evaluating online interventions, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery were not included in the analysis). A total of 44 studies, with a combined s...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: depression diet Hiba Jebeile JAMA Pediatrics meta-analysis obesity weight loss Source Type: research

Related Links:

Recently, there has been an increasing focus on body image dissatisfaction (BID), both as a motivational factor for seeking bariatric surgery and as a factor influencing weight loss outcome after surgery. Although associations have been reported between BID, emotional distress and successful weight loss, conclusions are limited due to methodological issues such as non-weight-specific assessment tools for body image and neglect of behavioral components (e.g. body avoidance, BA). The present study seeks to report on BID and BA 9 years after bariatric surgery using a cross-sectional data set from the 9-year follow-up assessme...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Weight regain (WR) after bariatric surgery (BS) is frequent. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the occurrence of psychiatric disorders would be associated with short- and long-term WR after BS. METHODS: Ninety-six patients (77.6% female, age 40.2 ± 10.1 years, BMI of 50 ± 8.2 kg/m2) from the Obesity and Bariatric Surgery Outpatient Clinic of the Universidade Federal São Paulo completed the Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns-Revised, the Beck Depression Inventory and an anxiety inventory to asse...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
ConclusionsWeight loss is insufficient to determine a change in psychological distress following surgery. Physicians and other health professionals who treat bariatric surgery patients should be encouraged to asses BID pre- and post-surgery, as it is a sensitive indicator of improvement of psychological well-being after surgery.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
We present the case of a 59-year-old woman with third-grade obesity and severe comorbidities including osteoporosis, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, night eating following bariatric biliary-intestinal bypass surgery, severe fibromyalgia, poly-arthrosis, lumbar disc herniation in L5S1, sleep disorders and sleep apnea syndrome, and emotional disorders with anxiety and depression, who suffered from chronic pain unresponsive to a combination of multiple analgesics. After a period of metabolic and nutritional rehabilitation, analgesic treatment with tapentadol prolonged release (PR) was started and gradually incr...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
ConclusionsBariatric surgery normalizes levels of sex-hormones in women, and results in improved sexual function, health-related quality of life and psychological well-being.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Patients undergoing bariatric surgery have high rates of psycopathology than the general population. The relationship between mental health and bariatric surgery is not well understood. Determine the association of self-reported postoperative improvement in anxiety and depression symptoms with 1) Postoperative weight loss success (PWLS) (defined as>50% excess weight loss) and 2) Self-reported satisfaction, in patients who were diagnosed with anxiety or depression prior to undergoing Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) or Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB).
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 August 2019Source: Obesity Research &Clinical PracticeAuthor(s): Sanjeev Sockalingam, Samantha E. Leung, Raed Hawa, Susan Wnuk, Sagar V. Parikh, Timothy Jackson, Stephanie E. CassinAbstractObjectiveAlthough bariatric surgery is a durable treatment for patients with severe obesity, it does not directly address behavioural and psychological factors that potentially contribute to weight regain post-surgery. Psychological interventions, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), can be challenging to access due to physical limitations and practical barriers. Telephone-based CBT (Tele...
Source: Obesity Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
ConclusionsAvoidance coping and depressive symptoms emerged as key variables in understanding recent disordered eating among patients considering bariatric surgery. Pre-surgical psychological evaluations and treatment approaches could be enhanced with consideration of patient coping strategies, particularly avoidant coping responses to stress, independent of psychological distress.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Candidates for bariatric surgery display advantageous personality features and lower rates in psychopathology compared to other participants with obesity. These features may represent both traits facilitating the search for a bariatric treatment, and the preferred ones selected by the surgeon. Implications for clinicians addressing obese participants towards bariatric surgery and limitations concerning "impression management" are discussed. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, case-control analytic study. PMID: 31062200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesBariatric surgery is the most effective long-term treatment for severe obesity. In addition to sustained weight loss, bariatric surgery can result in improvements in mental and physical health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and, consequently, work capacity. The purpose of our study was to evaluate changes to employment impairment (EI) and related HRQOL in patients 2  years post-bariatric surgery.MethodsProspective data was collected on a cohort of 211 patients who underwent bariatric surgery. The Lam Employment Absence and Productivity Scale (LEAPS) and the 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36) were use...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
More News: Anxiety | Bariatric Surgery | Children | Databases & Libraries | Depression | Diets | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Education | Health Management | Men | Nutrition | Obesity | Pathology | Pediatrics | Psychiatry | Sports Medicine | Statistics | Study | Universities & Medical Training | Weight Loss