The effect of a single-strain probiotic administration in the treatment of thermal burns patients.

Conclusion: The Bifidobacterium infantis 35624 single-strain probiotic is generally superior to Lactobacillus reuteri protectis in altering intestinal immunity; however, this finding was not statistically significant. A multi-strain probiotic supplement is recommended for burns patients. PMID: 31523410 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Iran J Microbiol Source Type: research

Related Links:

Gut-derived infection is among the most common complications in patients who underwent severe trauma, serious burn, major surgery, hemorrhagic shock and severe acute pancreatitis. It might cause sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction syndromes which are regarded as a leading cause of mortality in these cases. It has been widely recognized that gut-derived infection is mainly caused by the translocation of intestinal bacteria or endotoxins, resulting from the disruption of intestinal barrier. The intestinal barrier is mainly composed of epithelial barrier, intestinal microbial barrier and mucosal immune barrier. In the last ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
ConclusionWhile heterogeneity did not allow for meta-analysis, the results overall suggest a preventative, if not therapeutic, potential for probiotics in patients after thermal injury. Despite initial concern that probiotic therapy could lead to systemic infection in immune compromised individuals, this was not observed in the analyzed studies. Numerous unanswered questions exist in regards to optimizing probiotic therapy in patients after thermal injury.
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Antibiotics are frequently used to treat critically ill patients, and its use is often accompanied by intestinal dysbiosis that might further lead to bacterial translocation (BT). Nevertheless, studies on the relationship between antibiotic therapy and BT are rare. In the present study, we investigated the effect of broad-spectrum antibiotics on BT in an experimental rat model of burn or sepsis injury. METHODS: The septic rat model was simulated by a second insult with lipopolysaccharides after burn injury. Ninety-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, burn, and ...
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Conclusion Massive SI and immune cell paralysis associated with ACLF represent the extreme severity of CAID in response to an infectious or sterile challenge. The severe immune disturbance plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of the distinctive features of ACLF: organ failure and bacterial infection susceptibility. Excessive SI in ACLF results from the massive activation and dysfunction of an innate immune system challenged by increased PAMPs and DAMPs. SI leads to cell and tissue immunopathology contributing to hepatic and extrahepatic organ failure. Concomitantly, the course of ACLF is associated with a disproportio...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion The impact of sepsis on the gut is manifold, e.g., sepsis mediated alteration of the gut-blood barrier and increase in the intestinal permeability, which may correlate with the phenomena of bacterial translocation and lymphatic activation (“toxic-lymph”). Systemic consequences of sepsis are widespread and concern to the coagulative system, the microbiome as well as enzymes, such as pancreatic proteases, MMPs and IAPs. Nevertheless, the therapeutic approaches for modulating the mucosal immune system are still rarely effective in daily routine. Recent published studies showing that treatment with FMT,...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Discussion This case demonstrates successful cure of pre-B-ALL complicating XLA by alloSCT with restoration of B-cell development and functional antibody response. We are aware of only one previous case of pre-B-ALL in an XLA patient (21), which suggests that human BTK deficiency in itself does not predispose to pre-B-ALL. However, there are data to suggest that BTK may act as a tumor suppressor, and BTK deficiency may predispose to tumor development following a “second hit.” Mice with a genetic deficiency in Slp65, a gene encoding an adaptor protein that functions together with BTK, have a block in progenito...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we unraveled the secretome of G. adiacens, an oral bacterium well-documented in infective endocarditis, but also recently shown to be involved in oral infections. Importantly, the secretome of G. adiacens comprised of a large number of putative virulence factors. Of particular importance is the finding that the G. adiacens secretome comprised of a number of “moonlighting” proteins, which in other species are shown to enhance bacterial colonization and virulence through their multifunctional roles (Pavkova et al., 2017; Graf et al., 2019). Thus, our results provide a basis for investigating the ro...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, the full-length PcrV was divided into four domains with the guidance of its structure, and the Nter domain (Met1-Lys127) and H12 domain (Leu251-Ile294) were found to be immunodominant. Subsequently, Nter and H12 were combined with a flexible linker to generate an artificial PcrV derivative (PcrVNH). PcrVNH was successfully produced in E. coli and behaved as a homogenous monomer. Moreover, immunization with PcrVNH elicited a multifactorial immune response and conferred broad protection in an acute PA pneumonia model and was equally effective to full-length PcrV. In addition, passive immunization with anti-Pcr...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Markus Hartl* and Rainer Schneider Center of Molecular Biosciences (CMBI), Institute of Biochemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria The neuronal proteins GAP43 (neuromodulin), MARCKS, and BASP1 are highly expressed in the growth cones of nerve cells where they are involved in signal transmission and cytoskeleton organization. Although their primary structures are unrelated, these signaling proteins share several structural properties like fatty acid modification, and the presence of cationic effector domains. GAP43, MARCKS, and BASP1 bind to cell membrane phospholipids, a process reversibly regulate...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Junhui Zhang1,2†, Lingfei Li1,2†, Qiong Zhang1,2, Xu Yang3, Can Zhang4, Xingyue Zhang1,2, Dongxia Zhang1,2, Yanling Lv1,2, Huapei Song1,2, Bing Chen5, Yao Liu6, Jiongyu Hu2,5*† and Yuesheng Huang1,2*† 1Institute of Burn Research, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China 2State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China 3Department of Respiratory Medicine, The 983 Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force of the Chinese Peopl...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
More News: Burns | Indonesia Health | Iran Health | Microbiology | Middle East Health | Probiotics | Statistics | Translocation