Assessing the toxicant effect of spontaneously volatilized 4-vinylcyclohexane exposure in nymphs of the lobster cockroach Nauphoeta cinerea

Publication date: Available online 16 September 2019Source: Environmental Toxicology and PharmacologyAuthor(s): Emily Pansera Waczuk, Roger Wagner, Bruna Klein, João Batista Teixeira da Rocha, Daniel M.P. Ardisson-Araújo, Nilda Vargas BarbosaAbstractVinylcyclohexene (VCH) is an environmental contaminant well known for its ovotoxicant effects in several organisms. However, the mechanisms underlying the toxicity of VCH as well as its harmful effects toward other organs are until unclear. In this work, we assess some endpoint signals of toxicity induced by volatilized VCH exposure using nymphs of the lobster cockroach Nauphoeta cinerea. Nymphs were exposed to VCH via inhalation for 70 days. The levels of volatilized VCH were quantified by headspace gas chromatography and the concentration varied between 3.417 and 7.030 nmol/µl. VCH inhalation caused a reduction of 35 % in the survival rate of the exposed animals. Nymphs exposed to volatilized VCH for 35 and 70 days had a reduction in the body weight gain of 1.8- and 2.6-fold, respectively with a reduction in dissected head, fat body, and maturing reproductive organs. The exposure did not change water consumption, excepting on the 20th day (with a 3-fold change) and decreased the food intake significantly. Regarding biochemical markers, we found that the activity of GST from the dissected organs was increased by volatilized VCH after both 35 and 70 days of exposure. The fat body presented the most promi...
Source: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Prevalence of antibiotic use was high not only versus other hospitals in the region but globally including Africa, coupled with significant evidence of sub-optimal prescribing. Swift action is needed to improve future prescribing to reduce AMR. One or two areas should initially be targeted for quality improvement including development of local guidelines, documentation of antibiotic indications and/or stop/review dates. PMID: 33034234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Rombauts A, Abelenda-Alonso G, Cuervo G, Gudiol C, Carratalà J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate antibiotic coverage, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. It induces both a local pulmonary and a systemic inflammatory response, particularly significant in severe cases. The intensity of the dysregulated host response varies from patient to patient and has a negative impact on survival and other outcomes. AREAS COVERED: This comprehensive review summarizes the pathophysiological aspects of the inflammatory response in CAP, brie...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Hammerschlag MR, Sharma R Abstract INTRODUCTION: Azithromycin was recommended as the first-line therapeutic regimen for treatment of genital infections in men and women by the Centers for Disease Control in 1998. A series of studies of azithromycin for treatment of rectal chlamydial infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) found that azithromycin was significantly less effective than doxycycline. AREAS COVERED: Literature on treatment of rectal C. trachomatis from 2000 through May 2020 was searched using PubMed. Retrospective and observational studies were identified documenting the frequency and t...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Reissier S, Cattoir V Abstract INTRODUCTION: Streptogramins (pristinamycin and quinupristin-dalfopristin) can be interesting options for the treatment of infections due to Gram-positive cocci, especially multidrug-resistant isolates. AREAS COVERED: This review provides an updated overview on structural and activity characteristics, mechanisms of action and resistance, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic and clinical use of streptogramins. EXPERT OPINION: The streptogramin antibiotics act by inhibition of the bacterial protein synthesis. They are composed of two chemically distinct compounds, namely typ...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part BAuthor(s): Yanhua Liu, Yang Li, Shanshan Dong, Lu Han, Ruixin Guo, Yourong Fu, Shenghu Zhang, Jianqiu Chen
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part AAuthor(s): Cheng Han, Yinping Zhang, Marc Redmile-Gordon, Huan Deng, Zhenggui Gu, Qiguo Zhao, Fang Wang
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part AAuthor(s): Taesik Go, Jihwan Kim, Sang Joon Lee
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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