Construct validity of a revised version of the Occupational Balance Questionnaire.
Conclusion: The new OBQ11 satisfies the measurement criteria defined by the Rasch model. However, further studies of additional samples are needed to validate its generic properties. Significance: The purpose of the OBQ11 is to measure occupational balance of individuals or groups, and to identify aspects of occupational balance in need of improvement. Our observations suggest that the OBQ11 is a valid and promising complement to other instruments. PMID: 31524026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Brown T, Thyer L Abstract Background: Children's play and leisure participation is often assessed by occupational therapists. As such, it is essential that therapists utilize play and leisure scales that are valid, reliable and responsive. Aim: To examine the convergent validity between the Children's Leisure Assessment Scale (CLASS) and Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment and Preferences for Activities of Children (CAPE/PAC). Methods: Forty healthy Australian children (60% female; mean age 9.2 ± 2.01 years) completed the CLASS and CAPE/PAC. Spearman's rho corre...
Conclusions: Different combinations of aspects facilitated and hindered whether or not participation changed. To support people with stroke in their endeavour to retain or recapture participation, social support is important to consider in relation to transportation, activities and places outside the home. PMID: 31564178 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions/Significance: Finding meaningful activities, testing actual work ability, and focusing on the best possible outcome seemed important to remain in work after cancer. It may be helpful to identify available resources and utilize them to resolve tensions resulting from cancer and cancer treatment. PMID: 31558078 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: Professionals state that using ICT solutions in rehabilitation after stroke could increase sharing between professionals and their patients and increase patient participation in the rehabilitation process. Significance: This study highlights the importance of developing ICT that healthcare professionals could use along with a person-centred approach. The results will be used to develop an ICT-supported multidisciplinary intervention for rehabilitation after stroke. PMID: 31545665 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
We present a rare case of acute onset SCD that occurred in a relatively short period of several weeks with vitamin E deficiency related to small bowel obstruction. Patient concerns: A 50-year-old woman had abdominal pain. A small bowel obstruction was suspected and conservative treatment was performed. She underwent bowel surgery after 2 weeks without any improvement. Following the operation, she was in a state of reduced consciousness. She was treated in an intensive care unit. Her consciousness level gradually recovered to alert in a week, but other symptoms such as ataxia, weakness on limbs, severe dysarthria, and dy...
Conclusions and Significance: This review provides insights into the features and outcomes of IPE placement models in Allied Health programs. The review expands the body of knowledge which previously focused on nursing and medicine and can inform educators about IPE placement implementation. PMID: 31402739 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: The 20 selected activities of PmP were especially relevant for children with ID in South Africa. The usefulness of the scales was higher for the children with ID in both countries. PmP is promising for assessing participation across different settings but psychometrical properties and clinical utility need further exploration. PMID: 31402722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: The findings suggest that both qualitative and quantitative articles use appropriate sample sizes. However, descriptions of the studied populations are frequently unclear, which may affect the transferability and generalization of the results. Significance: In order to support practice, efforts are needed to develop research aims and questions that develop knowledge to embrace more than just basic research. PMID: 31361178 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion and Significance: Understanding the participants' lived experiences raised consciousness of the injustices that exist before and during rehabilitation which uncovered pointers to improve local substance addiction rehabilitation programs: use of occupation-based social participation interventions, limitation of occupational therapy services due to lack of human resources reinforcing interprofessional collaboration, a participatory approach is essential in discussing and addressing injustices, and deliberate use of political activities of daily living. PMID: 31322976 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion and Significance: A user-centred design process can result in services that are aligned with older adults' preferences for obtaining housing information. Services for planning and preparing future housing needs have the potential to increase older adults´ well-being at home as well as reduce costs for care and housing provision by the municipalities. PMID: 31305191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]