Effects of Smoking and Physical Activity on the Pulmonary Function of Young University Nursing Students in Cáceres (Spain)

Conclusions/Implications for Practice: Our findings confirmed a deterioration in pulmonary function in smokers who did not perform moderate or vigorous PA. The level of PA performed was positively related to pulmonary function in smokers, whereas in nonsmokers, improvements were only significant in LA–CA.
Source: Journal of Nursing Research - Category: Nursing Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

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We report the use of lung magnetic resonance (MRI) with hyperpolarized gas in the identification of lung abnormalities in a patient with bronchopulmonary dysplasia with underlying chronic airflow limitation, who meets the spirometry criteria for early-onset COPD.
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Brief Observation Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundPrevious studies have suggested an increased risk of asthma related to indoor dampness problems, but their role in the etiology of Asthma-COPD Overlap Syndrome has not been studied. We utilized a population-based incident case –control study to assess potential effect of indoor dampness and molds at home and at work on development of ACOS.MethodsWe recruited systematically all new cases of asthma diagnosed during a 2.5-year study period (1997 –2000) and randomly selected controls from the source population of adults 21–63 years old and representing 500,000 persons-years in the Pirka...
Source: Clinical and Translational Allergy - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion: We present a simple study where the patients are screened for obstructive lung disease with a handheld spirometry and a questionnaire on respiratory symptoms. Number needed to screen is low at 3.4-4.5. In all, 10 new cases of obstructive lung disease were diagnosed. This study illustrates that screening for COPD and asthma is feasible even in a psychiatric population. PMID: 31928298 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: There was increased burden of respiratory problems and lower lung volumes and flows among traffic policemen.
Source: Indian Journal of Community Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
argas F, Palomo E Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most prevalent diseases in the World, and one of the most important causes of mortality and morbidity. In adults 40 years and older, it affects more than 10% of the population and has enormous personal, family and social burden. Tobacco smoking is its main cause, but not the only one, and there is probably a genetic predisposition that increases the risk in some patients. The paradigm of this disease is changing in Spain, with an increase of women that has occurred in recent years. Many of the physio pathological mechanisms of th...
Source: Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Rev Esp Quimioter Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: It is necessary to consider the possibility of this rare disease in order to avoid inappropriate treatments and in the hope that future therapeutic advances (somatostatin analogs, mTOR inhibitors) improve patients' experience and the progression of respiratory function. PMID: 31901370 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Authors: Sakhamuri S, Seemungal T Abstract The GOLD 2020 updates added more lucidity on the treatment of COPD. However, few diagnostic dilemmas still exist. Research is needed on the use of the CAT score in assessing symptoms for the diagnosis of COPD. Further work-up is needed on diagnostic instability of spirometry, and diagnostic role of the lower limit of normal (LLN) criteria, slow vital capacity (FEV1/VC), forced inspiratory vital capacity (FEV1/FIVC), and rapid FEV1 decline. Incorporating parameters of lung hyperinflation and exercise capacity in the COPD diagnostic criteria might add value in its diagnosis ...
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research
Conclusions: Careful attention is required when chemotherapeutic agents are administered to patients with metastatic NSCLC with accompanying COPD with a FEV1 value of less than 80% predicted. PMID: 31903245 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
We report a case-control analysis within 71 general practices in the UK. Eligible patients were aged ≥40 years who were either on a clinical COPD register or reported chronic respiratory symptoms on a questionnaire. Participants performed pre- and post-bronchodilator microspirometry, prior to confirmatory spirometry. Out of the 544 participants, COPD was confirmed in 337 according to post-bronchodilator confirmatory spirometry. Pre-bronchodilator, using the LLN as a cut-point, the lung monitor had a sensitivity of 50.5% (95% CI 45.0%, 55.9%) and a specificity of 99.0% (95% CI 96.6%, 99.9%) in our sample. Using a fixed r...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: NPJ Prim Care Respir Med Source Type: research
va A Abstract BACKGROUND: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is an important prognostic marker in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) also negatively affects exercise tolerance. However, the impact of their association on CRF has not been evaluated. We hypothesized that patients with overlap syndrome would demonstrate a greater impairment in CRF, particularly those with severe COPD. METHODS: Individuals with COPD were recruited. First, subjects underwent clinical and spirometry evaluation. Next, home-based sleep evaluation was performed. Subjects with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) 
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
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