Albumin –globulin ratio is a predictive biomarker of antitumor effect of anti-PD-1 antibody in patients with non-small cell lung cancer

AbstractBackgroundAnti-programmed cell death receptor (PD)-1 antibody treatment results in better prognosis than standard chemotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), especially those with high PD-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. However, several studies have reported a lack of antitumor effect of PD-1 antibody, even in patients with high PD-L1 expression. Therefore, reliable predictors of treatment response are urgently needed. The albumin –globulin ratio (AGR) is associated with prognosis in several cancers. We aimed to determine whether AGR is a predictive biomarker of anti-PD-1 antibody response in patients with NSCLC.Patients and methodsSeventy-four NSCLC patients treated with anti-PD-1 antibody were retrospectively enrolled. Patients with driver mutations were excluded.ResultsThe mean AGR was significantly higher in the disease control (DC) group than in the progressive disease (PD) group (p 
Source: International Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Publication date: December 2019Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 120Author(s): Yang Li, Yayun Wu, Qi Xia, Ya Zhao, Ruizhi Zhao, Shigui DengAbstractCisplatin (DDP) is a first-line drug for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but its efficacy and applications are constrained by intolerance and serious side effects. Platycodon grandiflorus (PG) is usually used as lung medicinal drug to enhance other drug’s effect on lung diseases. Therefore, present study aim to investigate anti-NSCLC effect of PG with DDP and mechanism involved in the combination for the first time. The results showed that compared with ...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Data from our study suggest nivolumab is well-tolerated and effective in Indian patients with recurrent advanced NSCLC after failure of the multiple first lines of platinum-based combination chemotherapy.
Source: Indian Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
This study investigated the reversal effect of PL both in vitro and in vivo, and provided evidence that PL inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt via the accumulation of reactive oxygen species in chemotherapy resistance cells. Consequently, various Akt activation-dependent genes caused a reduction of drug efflux and induction of apoptosis in cisplatin-resistant A549 NSCLC cells. Our results indicate that Akt phosphorylation may play a functional role in the reversal effect of PL and contribute, at least in part, to the treatment outcomes of patients with chemotherapy resistance.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The usefulness of RCTs for estimating the costs of AEs may be improved by using a standardized form to collect HCRU data for key AEs, including an appropriate level of detail required to estimate costs of managing the AEs. PMID: 31595803 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Economics - Category: Health Management Tags: J Med Econ Source Type: research
Purpose of review The current article reviews the state of art of prevention strategies for brain metastases from solid tumors and touches both old pivotal studies and new directions of personalized molecular approaches. Recent findings Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) has a definite role in the prevention of relapse into the brain for patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) responding to chemotherapy and radiotherapy as it prolongs overall survival (OS). However, the risk of late cognitive deficit following whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) in this patient population is still not well known. Conversely, PCI s...
Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: BRAIN AND NERVOUS SYSTEM: Edited by Marc Sanson Source Type: research
Pemetrexed combined with platinum complexes can be used as first-line treatment for advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), however, the efficacy and safety is varying from individuals. There...
Source: Journal of Translational Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Immune checkpoint inhibitor-related pneumonitis (ICI-P) during cancer treatment is rarely observed (
Source: European Respiratory Review - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung cancer Reviews Source Type: research
Source: Patient Preference and Adherence - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Patient Preference and Adherence Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundIn patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ‐mutated advanced non‐small‐cell lung cancer (NSCLC), epidermal growth factor receptor‐tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR‐TKI) treatment has shown a good response. Subsequent treatments jeopardize the ability to determine the effect of first‐line chemotherapy on overall survival (OS). There fore, using patient‐level data, we aimed to study the associations of progression‐free survival (PFS) and post‐progression survival (PPS) with OS after first‐line EGFR‐TKI treatment in patients withEGFR‐mutated NSCLC.MethodsBetween November 2...
Source: Thoracic Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Results from a phase III clinical trial comparing Keytruda (pembrolizumab) to standard chemotherapy shows the immunotherapy drug still has a long way to go as a viable treatment option for malignant pleural mesothelioma. Keytruda did not improve progression-free survival for mesothelioma patients who progressed after first-line chemotherapy. The disappointing results from the PROMISE-meso study were presented at the European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO) annual meeting last week. It was the first randomized trial comparing progression-free survival between immunotherapy and first-line chemotherapy for mesothelioma p...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
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