Inhibition of bone morphogenetic protein signaling reduces viability, growth and migratory potential of non-small cell lung carcinoma cells

ConclusionsBMP signaling inhibition in LCLC-103H cells leads to reduced growth and proliferation, hindered migration and accelerated cell death. The findings contribute to the pool of evidence on BMP signaling in lung cancer with a possibility of introducing BMP signaling inhibition as a novel therapeutic approach for the disease.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Abstract Transmembrane glycoprotein Trop2 is related to many epithelial carcinomas. It not only plays roles in promoting fetal lung growth but also participates in tumor genesis, malignant transformation, and tumor dissemination. However, the detailed distribution of Trop2 at the molecular level remains unknown. Herein, we used direct stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy to reveal the spatial organization of Trop2 on the membranes of cultured and primary lung cancer cells and normal cells. All types of cancer cells presented more localizations of Trop2 than normal cells. By SR-Teseller cluster analysis, we...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1411: Programmed Death–Ligand 1 and Vimentin: A Tandem Marker as Prognostic Factor in NSCLC Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers11101411 Authors: Julien Ancel Philippe Birembaut Maxime Dewolf Anne Durlach Béatrice Nawrocki-Raby Véronique Dalstein Gonzague Delepine Silvia Blacher Gaëtan Deslée Christine Gilles Myriam Polette In non-metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), outcomes remain poor. Adjuvant chemotherapies provide a limited improvement in disease-free survival. Recent exploratory studies on early-stage NSCLC show that immunotherapy ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: BMP signaling inhibition in LCLC-103H cells leads to reduced growth and proliferation, hindered migration and accelerated cell death. The findings contribute to the pool of evidence on BMP signaling in lung cancer with a possibility of introducing BMP signaling inhibition as a novel therapeutic approach for the disease. PMID: 31531741 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clin Med Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: J Cancer Res Clin Oncol Source Type: research
Abstract Myoferlin, a protein of the ferlin family, has seven C2 domains and exhibits activity in some cells, including myoblasts and endothelial cells. Recently, myoferlin was identified as a promising target and biomarker in non-small-cell lung cancer, breast cancer, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, colon cancer, melanoma, oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, clear cell renal cell carcinoma and endometrioid carcinoma. This evidence indicated that myoferlin was involved in the proliferation, invasion and migration of tumour cells, the mechanism of which...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS SOX18 downregulation in HCC cells suppressed cell viability and metastasis, induced cell apoptosis and hindered the occurrence and progression of tumor cells by participating in the EMT process and regulating the autophagy signaling pathway AMPK/mTOR. PMID: 31427562 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Adjuvant chemotherapy has long been indicated to extend survival in completely resected stage IB to IIIA non ‐small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, there is accumulating evidence that chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy can induce epithelial‐to‐mesenchymal transition (EMT) in disseminated or circulating NSCLC cells. Here, we describe the first case of EMT as the cause of recurrence and metastasis in a patient with resected stage IIB lung adenosquamous carcinoma after adjuvant chemotherapy. We review the literature and explore the possible mechanisms by which EMT occurs in disseminated tumor cells (DTC) or circulatin...
Source: Thoracic Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study introduces MMVR as a new imaging biomarker and its ability to noninvasively capture increased PD-L1 tumour expression and predict clinical benefit from checkpoint blockade in NSCLC should be further evaluated.
Source: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most common malignancies. Studies have shown that engulfment and cell motility 3 (ELMO3) is highly expressed in NSCLC and can be used as a novel biomarker, but its underlying mechanism remains to be explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism by which ELMO3 may be down-regulated by COX-2 inhibitors to inhibit NSCLC. NSCLC tissue and adjacent normal lung tissue from 24 patients were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of ELMO3, COX-2 and other related proteins by Western blot, RT-PCR, and Immunohistochemical analysis. Lewis Lung carcinoma (LLC)...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
The distant metastasis of cancer cells is a risk factor for tumor lethality and poor prognosis in non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Increased SOX9 expression has been associated with clinical stage and po...
Source: Journal of Translational Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Discussion MDSCs violently emerge in pathological conditions in an attempt to limit potentially harmful immune and inflammatory responses. Mechanisms supporting their expansion and survival are deeply investigated in cancer, in the perspective to reactivate specific antitumor responses and prevent their contribution to disease evolution. These findings will likely contribute to improve the targeting of MDSCs in anticancer immunotherapies, either alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. New evidence indicates that the expansion of myeloid cell differentiation in pathology is subject to fine-tuning, as its...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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