Model of a health program for people with disability: Flagging the need, not the disability

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Source: Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability - Category: Disability Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation MedicineAuthor(s): Masahiko Mukaino, Birgit Prodinger, Yuki Okouchi, Kouji Mizutani, Yuki Senju, Megumi Suzuki, Eiichi SaitohAbstractBackground: Modification of the home environment, together with rehabilitative interventions, is important for maximizing the level of functioning after an individual with disability undergoes rehabilitation in the hospital.Objectives: We developed a simple screening scale — the home environment checklist (HEC) — to identify any mismatch between an individual’s abilities and their...
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
Authors: Saraceno B Abstract Global mental health (GMH) seems to enjoy increasing visibility in the global health and development discourse. However, this visibility implies also the urgency of addressing few questions about new priority setting in the domains of policy, care delivery, service organisation and research. Even before trying to answer these questions, rethinking more deeply the notion and implications of GMH seems to be a useful collective exercise. Some unanswered questions should be at the core of this exercise: Is GMH really global or rather Western? Is GMH concerned enough with local context? Is G...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Horta-Baas G, Peláez-Ballestas I, Queipo G, Montero Hernández U, Romero-Figueroa MDS Abstract OBJECTIVES: Alexithymia is a personality trait related to the quality of life of women with fibromyalgia (FM). It is still unknown whether alexithymia is associated with the clinical manifestations of FM. The present study describes the relationship between alexithymia and the domains included in the core set recommended by the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) for FM evaluation. METHODS: One hundred two women with FM were enrolled in the cross-sectional study. The domains evaluated were...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Jenq-Lin Yang, Yun-Ru Yang, Shang-Der ChenAbstractStroke is the major cause of adult disability and the second or third leading cause of death in developed countries. The treatment options for stroke (thrombolysis or thrombectomy) are restricted to a small subset of patients with acute ischemic stroke because of the limited time for an efficacious response and the strict criteria applied to minimize the risk of cerebral hemorrhage. Attempts to develop new treatments, such as neuroprotectants, for acute ischemic stroke have been costly and tim...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
This study investigated the effect of sumatriptan on ovalbumin-induced allergic rhinitis model in mice and the role of nitric oxide.MethodsFemale Balb/c mice were sensitized by intraperitoneal ovalbumin and challenged by intranasal ovalbumin. Mice received sumatriptan in doses 3, 10, 30 μg/kg intraperitoneally, 30 min before the last ovalbumin challenge.Key findingsIntraperitoneal injection of sumatriptan significantly decreased the nasal scratching, IL-4 and serum IgE levels of allergic mice, but it increased IFNγ levels. Histopathological analysis showed that the number of eosinophils was significantly eleva...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
I have just finished my first year of a masters in occupational therapy. Before starting this program, I was debating whether to pursue a career in nursing or OT. I chose OT because I have a background in therapeutic recreation and want to work with children and families affected by illness and disability. But after starting my program, I have realized that much of the OT program curriculum is theory. I am not learning as much of the hard science and practical skills that I would like to... Second thoughts about Occupational Therapy...
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Clinicians [ RN / NP / PA ] Source Type: forums
Authors: Goodman A, Anadani N, Gerwitz L Abstract Introduction: Multiple sclerosis (MS) causes focal lesions of immune-mediated demyelinating events followed by slow progressive accumulation of disability. Over the past 2 decades, multiple medications have been studied and approved for use in MS. Most of these agents work by modulating or suppressing the peripheral immune system. Siponimod is a newer-generation sphingosine 1 phosphate (S1P) receptor modulator which internalizes S1P1 receptors thereby inhibiting efflux of lymphocytes from lymph nodes and thymus. There are promising data suggesting that it may also h...
Source: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Investig Drugs Source Type: research
In conclusion, the unilateral transverse process-pedicle and bilateral puncture techniques in PKP exhibited good efficacy as a treatment for Kummell disease. The operative time, intra-operative fluoroscopy time and volume of bone cement injection were lower in the unilateral group. PMID: 31602238 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Meng C, Li Y, Wang S, Yu J, Kou D, Liu C Abstract Targeted percutaneous laser disc decompression (T-PLDD) is a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). However, the amount of energy required is large and the nerve can be easily damaged. Therefore, this technology requires improvement. The present study aimed to observe the effects of using a modified optical fiber (Mod) in T-PLDD for the treatment of LDH. A retrospective study was conducted using the database of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University (Qingdao, China). In total, 58 patients who received T-PLDD w...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
In this study we examined the role of endocannabinoids in depressive behavior. The levels of endocannabinoids, N-arachidonoyl ethanolamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) were measured along with brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in postmortem ventral striata of female patients with MDD and non-psychiatric controls, and in Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat, a selectively inbred strain of rat widely used for testing the depressive behavior. The effect of pharmacological elevation of endocannabinoids through inhibition of their catabolizing enzymes (fatty acid amide hydrolase [FAAH] and monoacyl glycerol lipase [MAGL]) ...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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