Indigenous Approach to Healing Key for Hepatitis C Patients Indigenous Approach to Healing Key for Hepatitis C Patients

The treatment of indigenous people requires that healthcare providers consider a holistic approach to wellness, and an addiction clinic in Montreal has proven that the approach works.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Gastroenterology News Source Type: news

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Abstract Opioid use disorder is highly prevalent and can be fatal. At least 2.1 million Americans 12 years and older had opioid use disorder in 2016, and approximately 47,000 Americans died from opioid overdoses in 2017. Opioid use disorder is a chronic relapsing condition, the treatment of which falls within the scope of practice of family physicians. With appropriate medication-assisted treatment, patients are more likely to enter full recovery. Methadone and buprenorphine are opioid agonists that reduce mortality, opioid use, and HIV and hepatitis C virus transmission while increasing treatment retention. Intra...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
According to Italian data, people who inject drugs (PWID) have high prevalence of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection (30-60%). PWID have inadequate access to directly acting antivirals (DAA) due to (1) their mistrust towards the healthcare system and (2) the lack of coordination between medical specialists who play a pivotal role in the diagnosis and treatment of HCV infection. We aim to describe the HCV -treatment cascade of care in Trieste on PWID.
Source: Digestive and Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: P-05 Source Type: research
Conclusions: Findings highlight the increased medical burden associated with AOD problems, and speak to the need for earlier and more sustained intervention for AOD problems, greater integration of addiction treatment and primary health care, and longitudinal research to explore the complex, dynamic relationships between AOD use and physical disease.
Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: LT candidates without known alcohol or drug use may have a clinically significant consumption of alcohol and previous illicit drug use. Efforts should be put on identification of these patients during LT evaluation. The use of structured questionnaires such as the ASI and the LDH could facilitate detection of alcohol and drug problems. PMID: 31453745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Balaeva T, Grjibovski AM, Samodova O, Sannikov A, Klouman E Abstract Hepatitis C, caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV), is a major public health issue in Russia. The aim of our study was to assess the seroprevalence of markers of HCV exposure and factors associated with HCV seropositivity among the general population aged 18-39 years in the city of Arkhangelsk, Northwest Russia. A social research agency applied a quota sampling method to recruit study participants using cell phone numbers. All participants (n = 1243) completed a self-administered questionnaire and provided a blood sample. Sixty-five parti...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research
Conclusions: Pretreatment characteristics differentially predict treatment response for heroin and cocaine use. Similar research in diverse patient groups may aid in the development of personalized treatment combining biologic treatment with targeted psychosocial interventions. PMID: 31315479 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
We examined factors associated with reporting sex with men among men who inject drugs in Vancouver, Canada. Data were drawn from three open prospective cohorts of people who use drugs between 2005 and 2014. Generalized estimating equations were used to identify factors associated with reporting non-transactional sex with men (MSM) in the previous 6  months. Of 1663 men who used injection drugs, 225 (13.5%) were MSM over the study period. Sex with men was independently associated with younger age [Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 0.96], childhood sexual abuse (AOR = 2.65), sex work (AOR =&...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
People who inject drugs (PWID) are disproportionally affected by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In the Netherlands, active HCV transmission in PWID has practically been halted but uptake of HCV testing...
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: Technology use patterns among this hard-to-reach sample of inpatient detoxification respondents suggest high rates of mobile phone ownership, TM use, and moderate use of technology to facilitate linkage to addiction treatment services.
Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Abstract The US is in the midst of a major epidemic of opioid addiction and related co-morbidities. Persons with opioid use disorder (OUD) are at significant risk for transmission of several blood-borne pathogens including the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Commonly abused opioids and their receptors promote viral replication and virus-mediated pathology. However, most studies demonstrating an adverse effect of drugs of abuse have been conducted in vitro, the specific effects of synthetic opioids on viral replication have been poorly characterized, and the...
Source: Current HIV Research - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Curr HIV Res Source Type: research
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