308 Association of Diabetes and Frailty with Mortality in Middle-Aged and Older Europeans

AbstractBackgroundFrailty is a common, multi-factorial, age-related syndrome commonly observed in people with diabetes. Although older diabetics are prone to adverse healthcare outcomes and diabetes increases the risk of developing frailty, little is known about the effects of frailty on diabetes. This paper examines the association between diabetes, frailty, and mortality in Europeans aged ≥50 years.MethodsData were included from The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) waves one and six. A participant ’s first interview was taken as the baseline and subsequent waves were used for mortality follow-up (time and cause). Frailty and pre-frailty were measured using established cut-offs using the Physical Phenotype (SHARE-FI) and a 55-item Frailty Index (FI-55). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was use d to assess the relationship between frailty and mortality in people with diabetes and significance tested using log-rank test. Cox regression was used to adjust for potential confounders (age, sex, education, income, employment, alcohol use, smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, myocardial infarction, stroke, metastatic cancer, chronic lung disease, polypharmacy, self-perceived health and depression).ResultsData from 8,954 diabetics aged 50-99 years were included with 1,598 deaths (17.8%). According to the SHARE-FI, 1,971 (22.0%) were frail, 4,183 (46.7%) pre-frail and 2,800 (31.3%) robust. According to the Kaplan-Meier log-rank test survival va...
Source: Age and Ageing - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

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