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Di Biase et  al (J Am Coll Cardiol 2019;74:1019, PMID 31439209) sought to assess the incidence of thromboembolic (TE) events such as stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing ablation for AF that included left atrial appendage (LAA) isolation (LAAI). The st udy group comprised all patients who underwent LAAI as part of their ablation strategy and who were without AF 6 months after ablation. All patients were continued on oral anticoagulation (OAC) with either warfarin or direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) for the first 6 months.
Source: Heart Rhythm - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: EP News Source Type: research

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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cause of cerebral infarction, which could lead to endothelial dysfunction, increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidized low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL).AF is assoc...
Source: BMC Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Background and aims: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major cause of ischemic stroke; however, detailed clinical data and prognostic factors for stroke patients with AF are lacking in Korea. We aimed to investigate clinical information and factors associated with functional outcomes of stroke patients with AF from the Korean nationwide ATrial fibrillaTion EvaluatioN regisTry in Ischemic strOke patieNts (K-ATTENTION) database.Methods: From January 2013 to December 2015, consecutive clinical information from acute stroke patients with AF or history of AF was collected from 11 centers in Korea. Collected data included demographi...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractThe optimal management of oral anticoagulation (OAC) in the acute phase of non valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF)-related acute ischemic stroke (AIS) remains controversial, especially in very old patients. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the practical management of OAC in this context. We conducted an observational retrospective study on patients 85-years old and older admitted to two Italian hospitals for NVAF-related AIS. For each patient, clinical and brain computed tomography data were recorded. Type of OAC (vitamin K antagonists, VKAs or Direct Oral Anticoagulants, DOACs), dosage and starting ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The risks of ischemic stroke/SE and major bleeding were significantly higher in HIV-infected patients compared with non-HIV-infected patients with AF. Despite this, the actual use of OACs among AF patients with HIV was suboptimal. PMID: 31619594 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In this series, endovascular therapy showed good results without complications. More cases should be investigated to obtain more evidence of successful endovascular therapy for hemodialysis patients. PMID: 31623507 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The International Journal of Artificial Organs - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Int J Artif Organs Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Although the incidences of stroke/TIA, major bleeding, and death were relatively low among patients for whom OAC therapy was discontinued, stroke/TIA occurrence was strongly associated with a high baseline stroke risk rather than with OAC status. Thus, discontinuation of OAC therapy requires careful consideration, especially in patients with a high baseline stroke risk. PMID: 31619591 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ J Source Type: research
Conclusions: The rhythm control strategy demonstrated a beneficial effect to lower the risk of ischemic stroke during a 1-year follow-up compared to the rate control strategy. PMID: 31597907 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Korean J Intern Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Youcheng Wang, Xiaoxing Xiong, Baojun Xie, Jia Liu, Mei Yang, Junkui Yin, Liuliu Zi, Xi Wang, Yanhong Tang, Congxin Huang, Haixia Fu, Qingyan ZhaoAbstractAimsNew-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) is frequently observed following acute stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the brain-stellate ganglion-atrium network on AF vulnerability in a canine model with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO).Materials and methodsTwenty-six dogs were randomly divided into the sham-operated group (n = 6), acute stroke (AS) gr...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Jung JM, Kim YH, Yu S, O K, Kim CK, Song TJ, Kim YJ, Kim BJ, Heo SH, Park KY, Kim JM, Park JH, Choi JC, Park MS, Kim JT, Choi KH, Hwang YH, Chung JW, Bang OY, Kim GM, Seo WK Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clinical implications of echocardiography findings for long-term outcomes in atrial fibrillation (AF)-related stroke patients are unknown. METHODS: This was a substudy of the Korean ATrial fibrillaTion EvaluatioN regisTry in Ischemic strOke patieNts (K-ATTENTION), which is a multicenter-based cohort comprising prospective stroke registries from 11 tertiary centers. Stroke survivors who underwent...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
Conclusions: EMS notification is influenced by AF, stroke severity, psychiatric disease, aphasia, and residence type. Early disability depends on age, the type and severity of the stroke, and pre-stroke mRS. Predictors of disability at 1 year after stroke are age, stoke severity, mRS at discharge, and recurrent ischemic stroke. Higher NIHSS and older age are associated with higher case fatality. In patients ineligible for recanalization, EMS notification had no significant effect on outcome, regarding both disability and survival.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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