Prevalence and factors associated with excess weight in adolescents in a low-income neighborhood - Northeast, Brazil

Conclusions: the prevalence found was higher than that of other national researches, especially for the female gender. In the male gender, not having internet access, a lesser number of family members and a longer screen time proved to be factors associated with being excess weight.Resumo Objetivos: investigar a preval ência de excesso de peso e fatores associados entre adolescentes de uma comunidade de baixa renda situada na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco. Métodos: estudo transversal, em que foram coletadas informações demográficas, socioeconômicas e comportamentais no período de junho a dezembro de 2014. O excesso de peso foi determinado pelo índice de massa corporal por idade, baseado nos pontos de corte da Organização Mundial de Saúde (2007). Para investigar as associações entre variáveis predito rase desfecho, empregou-se análise multivariada por meio de Regressão de Poisson (Razão de Pr evalência - RP) com seus respectivos intervalos de 95% de confiança (IC95%). Resultados: participaram do estudo 225 adolescentes, sendo encontrada prevalência de 36,4% de excesso de peso; 20,4% sobrepeso (IC95%=15,1-25,7) e 16,0% obesidade (IC95%=11,2-20,8), predominante no sexo feminino (42,5%; p=0,031). O desfecho apresentou-se associado ao acesso à internet (RP=1,20; IC95%=1,01-1,43), número de pessoas na família (RP=1,12; IC95%=1,0...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research

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Our world is amidst a crucial overweight and obesity pandemic that continues to grow, with 2 billion of the world ’s population overweight and approximately 700 million adults with obesity.1 Once thought to be a disease of the rich and affluent, weight-related and metabolic diseases are on the rise across all socioeconomic classes and residential settings. The enduring physiologic and hormonal changes that oc cur with weight gain make sustainable weight loss with just diet and exercise, commonly known as lifestyle modification, not feasible for most people.
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
In this study, we explored the effect of β -Lapachone ( β L), a compound obtained from the bark of the lapacho tree, against obesity. In vivo administration of β L into either high fat diet (HFD)-induced obese C57BL6 mice and genetically obese Lepr -∕- mice prevented body weight gain, which was associated with tissue weight loss of white adipose tissue (WAT). In addition, β L elevated thermogenic proteins including uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) and mitochondrial count in BAT and human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs). β L also induced AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosph...
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Chin Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, yacon syrup has a postprandial decreasing effect glucose and insulin concentrations in adult women. This effect was not evident for triglyceride concentration.Clinical trial registry: RBR-33wf46. Available in: http://www.ensaiosclinicos.gov.br/rg/RBR-33wf46/Graphical abstract
Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Gan X, Xu W, Yu K Abstract Background: With the rapid economy development of China, the overweight and obesity rates of school-age children and adolescents in China have been on the rise. The purpose of this study is to explore how powerful an influence economic growth has on the weight of children and adolescents and examine the relationship between China's macroeconomic development and weight of children and adolescents in the past 30 years using provincial panel data collected from more than 1 million children and adolescents. Methods: Panel data from seven longitudinal surveys (1985, 1991, 1995, 2000, ...
Source: Childhood Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research
Authors: McMaster CM, Gow ML, Neal R, Alexander S, Baur LA, Cohen J Abstract High rates of attrition from pediatric weight management services are well documented in the literature; however, studies reporting on acceptability of "real-world" services have not previously been reviewed. This narrative synthesis aimed to summarize quantitative and qualitative research reporting on satisfaction of families who attended a secondary or tertiary pediatric weight management service. Electronic databases were searched for studies of family and/or patient satisfaction with hospital-based pediatric weight management...
Source: Childhood Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): Janelle A Skinner, Manohar L Garg, Christopher V Dayas, Tracy L BurrowsABSTRACTThe neuropeptide oxytocin is best known for its role during parturition and the milk-let down reflex. Recent evidence identifies a role for oxytocin in eating behaviour. After oxytocin administration, caloric intake is reduced with stronger inhibitory effects in individuals with obesity. Whether the experience of visual food cues affects secretion or circulating levels of oxytocin is unknown. This pilot study had three aims: 1) to measure fasting appetit...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
In this study, we purified and identified anti-obesity peptides from hazelnut protein hydrolysates by chromatography and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Subsequently, we evaluated the inhibitory effect of the synthetic peptide on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes by Oil Red O staining, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot. The results showed that a novel synthetic pentapeptide, Arg-Leu-Leu-Pro-His (RLLPH), derived from the C3 fraction, attenuated adipogenesis by downregulating the expression of several mRNAs related to adipogenesis, including peroxisome prolif...
Source: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Authors: Corfitsen HT, Krantz B, Larsen A, Drago A Abstract OBJECTIVE: Antipsychotics often induce excessive weight gain. We hypothesized that individuals with genetic variations related to known obesity-risk genes have an increased risk of excessive antipsychotic-induced weight gain. This hypothesis was tested in a subset of the CATIE trial data-set. METHODS: The CATIE trial compared effects and side effects of five different antipsychotics through an 18 month period. Based on the maximum weight gain recorded, excessive weight gain was defined as>7% weight-gain. Cytoscape and GeneMania were instrumental in ...
Source: Acta Neuropsychiatrica - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acta Neuropsychiatr Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Respiratory Physiology &NeurobiologyAuthor(s): Yu-Chi Kuo, Hui-Lin Chang, Ching-Feng Cheng, Toby Mündel, Yi-Hung LiaoAbstractThis investigation examined the effects of a six-week inspiratory resistance training (IRT) on metabolic health biomarkers, pulmonary function, and endurance in obese individuals. Twenty-eight obese adults (BMI > 27 kg/m2 Taiwan obesity criteria) were randomly assigned to either IRT (IRT; N = 16) or sham control (PLA; N = 12). The training parameters (twice/day; 3 days/week; 30 breat...
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Gillis LJ Abstract Obesity is a major health issue. A community-based intervention was implemented on a college campus to help employees lose body weight and fat. Participants were scanned using the InBody device at pre- and post-intervention, measuring body weight, fat, and waist circumference. Participants attended 11 classes on healthy lifestyle education. A comparison of pre- and post-intervention measurements was made using a paired t-test, resulting in a statistically significant difference in outcome measures. Correlation between class attendance and pounds lost showed a moderate negative correlatio...
Source: Journal of Community Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: J Community Health Nurs Source Type: research
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