Patiromer versus placebo to enable spironolactone use in patients with resistant hypertension and chronic kidney disease (AMBER): a phase 2, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Publication date: Available online 15 September 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Rajiv Agarwal, Patrick Rossignol, Alain Romero, Dahlia Garza, Martha R Mayo, Suzette Warren, Jia Ma, William B White, Bryan WilliamsSummaryBackgroundSpironolactone is effective at reducing blood pressure in patients with uncontrolled resistant hypertension. However, the use of spironolactone in patients with chronic kidney disease can be restricted by hyperkalaemia. We evaluated use of the potassium binder patiromer to allow more persistent use of spironolactone in patients with chronic kidney disease and resistant hypertension.MethodsIn this phase 2 multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we enrolled participants aged 18 years and older with chronic kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate 25 to ≤45 mL/min per 1·73 m2) and uncontrolled resistant hypertension from 62 outpatient centres in ten countries (Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Hungary, Ukraine, France, Germany, South Africa, the UK, and the USA). Patients meeting all eligibility criteria at the final screening visit were stratified by local serum potassium measurement (4·3 to
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

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Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is strongly associated with an increased risk of stroke, small vessel disease, and vascular dementia. Common vascular factors for stroke, such as hypertension, diabetes, and atrial fibrillation, are more prevalent in CKD patients, accounting for this association. However, factors unique to these patients, such as uraemia, oxidative stress, mineral and bone abnormalities, as well as dialysis-related factors are also believed to contribute to risk. Despite improvements in stroke treatment and survival in the general population, the rate of improvement in patients with CKD, especially those who ar...
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ConclusionThe technical considerations for performing a LeFort Colpocleisis include ruling out malignancy prior to surgery, adequate lateral channels for uterine drainage, the use of lidocaine with epinephrine, closure in multiple layers with excellent hemostasis and an aggressive posterior colpoperineorrhaphy.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The use of echocardiography in elderly patients with certain risk factors was associated with improved postoperative outcomes. The basis for this finding remains to be determined; particularly whether echocardiography is simply a marker of a population with better outcomes or whether it leads to better management that improves outcomes. PMID: 31611537 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ J Source Type: research
This study enrolled 14983 eligible subjects stratified into metabolically healthy normal weight (MHNW), metabolically healthy overweight (MHOW), metabolically healthy obesity (MHO), metabolically unhealthy normal weight (MUNW), metabolically unhealthy overweight (MUOW), and metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO) according to body mass index and metabolic syndrome status (ATP-III criteria). The metabolic healthy phenotype was defined as the absence of both metabolic syndrome and any known diabetes, coronary artery disease, stroke, hypertension or dyslipidemia. Early and advanced CKD were defined as eGFR
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os fatores associados à estimativa da Taxa de Filtração Glomerular (eTFG) em pessoas vivendo com HIV. Métodos Estudo transversal e analítico, com avaliação de 340 pessoas em atendimento ambulatorial no município de Ribeirão Preto-SP. Calculou-se a eTFG através da fórmula Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology C ollaboration (CKD-EPI). Foi realizado análise univariada com os testes Qui-quadrado e Exato de Fisher, com p
Source: Acta Paulista de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
Conclusion: The presence of diabetic retinopathy indicates a greater risk for cardiovascular disease in Brazilian patients with type 1 diabetes. Further studies are warranted to determine whether a noninvasive exam, such as fundoscopy, could help identify patients who show an increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewHeart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a heterogeneous syndrome of exertional intolerance, cardiac dysfunction, and fluid overload and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality.Recent FindingsAs our understanding of this syndrome has evolved, we are beginning to recognize the similarities and associations with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Salt and fluid retention are common in CKD and may be the sentinel event leading ultimately to the syndrome of HFpEF. Mechanisms linking both disease states include hypervolemia, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction, which are...
Source: Current Hypertension Reports - Category: Primary Care Source Type: research
Purpose of review Through its direct adverse effects on the kidney and via associated intermediate disease states like type 2 diabetes and hypertension, obese has arguably become the master risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). The purpose of this review is to critically evaluate bariatric surgery, which is the most effective weight reduction strategy available, as a renoprotective strategy. Recent findings Recent randomized studies confirm that bariatric surgery is effective at improving or even remitting major CKD risk factors such as type 2 diabetes and hypertension. In addition, observational studies perfo...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: DIAGNOSTICS AND TECHNIQUES: Edited by Maarten W. Taal Source Type: research
Abstract Background and Objectives: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HT) are characterized by cell damage caused by inflammatory and metabolic mechanisms induced by alteration in reduction-oxidative status. Serum advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) are new markers of protein damage induced by oxidative stress. We evaluated serum levels of AOPP in a cohort of patients with DM and HT, with or without renal complications, compared with a control healthy population. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised of 62 patients with type 2 DM and 56 with HT. The 62 patients affected by DM were further ...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
In conclusion, our findings link the calcification of the vascular tissue with the expression of FGF23 in the vessels and with the elevation of circulating levels this hormone. Permanently Boosting Levels of Natural Killer Cells in Mice to Increase Cancer Resistance Researchers here demonstrate a very interesting approach to immunotherapy: they introduce engineered stem cells in mice that will give rise to additional natural killer T cells, boosting the capability of the ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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