Ultrasound-guided costoclavicular block as an alternative for upper limb anesthesia in obese patients.

CONCLUSION: Costoclavicular brachial plexus block is a good alternative for upper limb anesthesia distal to the elbow, being a safe and effective option for patients who are obese or have other limitations to the use of other upper limb blocking techniques. PMID: 31519300 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Rev Bras Anestesiol Source Type: research

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Conclusions: The constantly increasing prevalence of NAFLD in the general population can contribute to a growing role of NAFLD/NASH in HCC epidemiology. Moreover, some particular challenges specific for patients with liver steatosis may impede proper HCC diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. PMID: 31631714 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
This study aims to verify if clinical parameters, such as waist circumference and/or body mass index and biohumoral and inflammatory parameters can help predict cardiac structural and functional alterations, through an echocardiogram test in obese children and adolescents. Children were prospectively enrolled at the AUOC outpatients' department of Emergency Paediatrics, University Hospital, Messina, from June to December 2017. Clinical, metabolic parameters and an inflammation marker (HMGB1) were evaluated and a transthoracic echocardiogram was carried out. Twenty-two obese subjects were prospectively enrolled.HMGB1 values...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
In conclusion, these results revealed that Nrg4 may effectively ameliorates TIF and attenuate the expression of AGEs in DN through TNF-R1 signaling instead of TNF-R2 signaling. We have provided evidence indicating that Nrg4 possesses therapeutic effect on TIF in DN. PMID: 31632525 [PubMed]
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
Authors: Li J, Zhu L, Shi Y, Liu J, Lin L, Chen X Abstract N6-methyladenosine (m6A) acts as the most common mRNA modification in mammal cells. Fat Mass and Obesity-associated protein (FTO) is the firstly identified demethylase in the m6A modification. This research tries to discover the potential roles of FTO in the m6A modification in the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). FTO level was found to be up-regulated in the HCC tissue and cells. The over-expression of FTO was correlated to the poor prognosis of HCC individuals. Knockdown of FTO suppressed the proliferation and in vivo tumor growth, and induced the G0/G1 ph...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
A new study led by the University Medical Centre Groningen has found that 18 of 41 drug categories lead to gut bacteria changes that increased the risk of intestinal infections and obesity.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
AbstractAims/hypothesisWe previously showed that intrauterine exposure to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increases selected markers of adiposity in pre-pubertal adolescents. In the present study, we examined these associations in adolescence, and explored whether they are strengthened as the participants transition through puberty.MethodsData from 597 individuals (505 unexposed, 92 exposed) participating in the longitudinal Exploring Perinatal Outcomes among Children (EPOCH) study in Colorado were collected at two research visits when the participants were, on average, 10.4 and 16.7  years old. Adiposity measures...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study aims to compare extended to restricted thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) for patients undergoing metabolic surgery.MethodsIn this single center retrospective cohort study, data was collected from patients undergoing a primary Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or sleeve gastrectomy (SG) between 2014 and 2018. Patients operated in 2014 –2017 received thromboprophylaxis for two weeks. In 2018, patients only received thromboprophylaxis during hospital admission. Patients already using anticoagulants were analyzed as a separate subgroup. The primary outcome measure was the rate of clinic...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractObesity is a worldwide epidemic with rates nearly doubling over the last 30 years. Despite increasing prevalence, the multifactorial pathogenesis of obesity continues to be widely misunderstood. Investigating genetic drivers in the development of obesity is an important area of focus, as genetics move to the forefront of medicine and personalized treatment evolves. Thus, this narrative review focused on four genes which have genome-wide association study –documented links to obesity and obesity syndromes. We explored their involvement in the predisposition, progression, and prognosis of obesity. Leptin, lepti...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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