Study of multidrug resistance in prevalent Gram-negative bacteria in burn patients in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis

ConclusionThe prevalence of MDR-GNB in Iranian burn patients is very high. Thus, a comprehensive infectious control programme, a reduction in the use of antibiotic prophylaxis, and thorough information regarding antimicrobial resistance patterns is required.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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ConclusionsC-T had potent activity against P. aeruginosa isolated from patients in hospitals in 4 continents. C-T was more active than all comparators, except COL, and maintained activity against MDR and XDR isolates and isolates non-susceptible to all 4 tested BLs. C-T was active against 12/16 COL-NS isolates.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
(WASHINGTON) — For the first time, U.S. health regulators have endorsed a brand of tobacco pouches as less harmful than cigarettes, a decision that could open the door to other less risky options for smokers. The milestone announcement on Tuesday from the Food and Drug Administration marks the government’s first backing of a so-called “reduced risk” tobacco product. FDA regulators stressed, though, that the Swedish Match pouches are not safe, just less harmful, and that all tobacco products pose risks. The pouches will still bear mandatory government warnings that they can cause mouth cancer, gum di...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized FDA onetime Smoking Source Type: news
The Global Report includes trends in TB incidence and mortality, data on case detection and treatment results for TB, multidrug-resistant TB, TB/HIV, and TB prevention. The report also includes an overview of pipelines for new TB diagnostics, drugs and vaccines.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusions:In order to control the crash severity, the presented factors in this study could help traffic safety experts to prioritize and perform controlling actions. 
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Phytochemistry, Volume 169Author(s): Behnaz Tohidi, Mehdi Rahimmalek, Ahmad Arzani, Helena TrindadeAbstractThyme (Thymus spp.) is a valuable genus of Lamiaceae family with different pharmaceutical and food properties. Thymol has also been considered as the major essential oil compound in most of the studied Thymus species. In this research, the gene encoding γ-terpinene synthase (Ttps2) was sequenced in T. vulgaris and in eight Iranian thymes including T. carmanicus, T. daenensis, T. fedtschenkoi, T. kotschyanus, T. migricus, T. pubescens, T. se...
Source: Phytochemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In this study, a chemometric strategy was developed for analysis of gas chromatographic (GC) and infrared spectroscopic (FT-IR) fingerprints of nine crude oil samples from the main oil wells of Iran to classify them and to find their origins. In this regard, a fractionation method based on saturated, aromatic, resin, and asphaltene (SARA) test was used. Then, these fractions were analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. Also, nine crude oil samples were analyzed by FT-IR.The obtained GC fingerprints were aligned using correlation optimized warping (COW) and auto-scaled, and then analyzed using principal component analysis (PCA) and h...
Source: Microchemical Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Conclusion The present results demonstrated that Chilean salmon farms play an important role as reservoirs of sulfonamide- and trimethoprim-resistant bacteria. The prevalence of conjugative plasmids and integrons among sul-carrying bacteria suggests these bacteria, mainly belonging to the Pseudomonas genus may contribute to high spread of bacterial resistance to sulfonamides and other antibacterials in environments associated with Chilean salmon farms. This is the first study reporting the occurrence of transferable sul and dfr genes and integrons among the antimicrobial resistant bacteria associated with Chilean salmonid...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusions The elevated prevalence of MDR A. baumannii strains in this burn centre suggests that local antibiotic prescription policies should be precisely revised. Moreover, strict infection control procedures to prevent further dissemination need to be prioritised immediately.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Carrie Arnold is a freelance science writer living in Virginia. Her work has appeared in Scientific American, Discover, New Scientist, Smithsonian, and more. Background image: Reprinted by permission from Macmillan Publishers Ltd: doi:10.5923/s.microbiology.201401.02 About This Article open Citation: Arnold C. 2015. Outbreak breakthrough: using whole-genome sequencing to control hospital infection. Environ Health Perspect 123:A281–A286; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A281 Published: 1 November 2015 PDF Version (2.7 MB) The level of detail provided by whole-genome sequencing could give hospita...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Featured Focus News November 2015 Source Type: research
The aim of this study was to analyze antimicrobial resistance patterns and their encoding genes and genotypic diversity of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from burn patients in Tehran, Iran. The presence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase- and blaOXA-encoding genes among 37 multidrug resistant (MDR) A. baumannii strains isolated from patients hospitalized in a teaching hospital in Tehran was evaluated. Susceptibility to 7 antibiotics was tested by disk agar diffusion and to polymyxin B and colistin was tested by E-test, according to CLSI guidelines.
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Source Type: research
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