Esophageal cancers and model systems.

ESOPHAGEAL CANCERS AND MODEL SYSTEMS. Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 2019;130:266-271 Authors: Rustgi AK Abstract Gastrointestinal cancers are largely epithelial in nature and arise from the esophagus, stomach, pancreas, colorectum and liver. In aggregate, these cancers are the most common malignancies in the United States and worldwide, but suffer from poor outcomes in late stages. Our overall work aims to elucidate the following: 1) how normal epithelial cells become metaplastic and dysplastic; 2) how tumor cells invade and interact with activated fibroblasts and immune cells; and 3) how tumor cells disseminate into the circulation and colonize distant organs (metastatic organotropism). We develop three-dimensional cell culture models and genetically engineered mouse models to decipher mechanisms. Our overarching desire is to translate preclinical models to clinical trials that impact upon outcomes in patients with metastatic gastrointestinal cancers. We will frame these principles and approaches in the context of esophageal cancers and three-dimensional models. PMID: 31516191 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc Source Type: research

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Endoscopy is effective in terms of detecting esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, and precursors. The adherence to screening endoscopy in this high ‐risk population is relatively low and factors associated with the willingness to accept endoscopy screening were identified. Risk factors associated with upper gastrointestinal lesion in Chinese population were identified. AbstractUpper gastrointestinal cancer (UGC) screening has been widely implemented in many Asian countries. However, there is little evidence of participation and diagnostic yields in population ‐based UGC screening in China. The participation rate and dete...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Authors: Mendoza-Almanza G, Ortíz-Sánchez E, Rocha-Zavaleta L, Rivas-Santiago C, Esparza-Ibarra E, Olmos J Abstract Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-associated mortalities in women from developing countries. Similar to other types of cancer, CC is considered to be a multifactorial disease, involving socioeconomic, cultural, immunological and epigenetic factors, as well as persistent human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. It has been well established that cancer stem cells (CSCs) play an important role in defining tumor size, the speed of development and the level of regressi...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Hishida T, Vazquez-Ferrer E, Hishida-Nozaki Y, Sancho-Martinez I, Takahashi Y, Hatanaka F, Wu J, Ocampo A, Reddy P, Wu MZ, Gerken L, Shaw RJ, Rodriguez Esteban C, Benner C, Nakagawa H, Guillen Garcia P, Nuñez Delicado E, Castells A, Campistol JM, Liu GH, Izpisua Belmonte JC Abstract Identification of the precise molecular pathways involved in oncogene-induced transformation may help us gain a better understanding of tumor initiation and promotion. Here, we demonstrate that SOX2+ foregut epithelial cells are prone to oncogenic transformation upon mutagenic insults, such as KrasG12D and p53 deletion. ...
Source: Protein and Cell - Category: Cytology Tags: Protein Cell Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion MTDH is pro-oncogenic factor playing multifaceted and diverse roles in cancer progression. Its association and central role in regulating signaling pathways such a MAPK, wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/AkT, NF-κβ pathways in various cancers shows that it plays a vital role in metastasis. MTDH contribution to chemo and radiotherapy resistance provides a new direction for the development of anticancer therapeutics. Multiple mechanisms converge to promote expression of MTDH in cancers. Further studies are therefore warranted to determine whether the elevated MTDH expression has prognostic value for development...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, β2∗ nAChR-containing receptors and lynx1 were identified using pull down studies from the mouse brain (Nissen et al., 2018), while ws-lynx1, SLURP-1 and SLURP-2 has been successfully mixed with human brain tissue to pull down multiple nAChR subtypes (Lyukmanova et al., 2016a,b; Thomsen et al., 2016). To support the in vivo interaction studies, a lynx1KO phenotype was ameliorated by crossing these mice into mutant mice null for α7 and β2 nAChR genes (Miwa et al., 2006). These in vivo studies provide an important biological context for the interactions observed within in vitro systems. ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate whether combining anti-PD-L1 Atezolizumab with BEV may have a synergistic effect and enhance the efficacy of both treatments in cisplatin resistant epithelial ovarian cancer (CREOC). We retrospectively analyzed 124 epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients from Gynecologic Oncology Department of Tianjin Cancer Hospital between January 2013 and June 2018, who all were diagnosed with cisplatin resistance due to progressing
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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