The Proteomic Effects of Pulsed Focused Ultrasound on Tumor Microenvironments of Murine Melanoma and Breast Cancer Models

Non-ablative pulsed focused ultrasound (pFUS) targets non-thermal forces that activate local molecular and cellular immune responses. Optimal parameters to stimulate immunotherapeutic tumor microenvironments (TME) and responses in different tumor types remain uninvestigated. Flank B16 murine melanoma and 4T1 breast tumors received 1 MHz pFUS at 1 –8 MPa peak negative pressures (PNP) and were analyzed 24 hr post-sonication. Necrosis or hemorrhage were unaltered in both tumors, but pFUS induced DNA strand breaks in tumor cells at PNP ≥6 MPa.
Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Metastases and lymphoma of the gallbladder are rare. Traditional imaging methods prior to cholecystectomy may miss gallbladder malignancies. A liberal approach of histopathological analysis of the gallbladder should be applied. PMID: 31035806 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
In conclusion, e-As4S4 holds great potential for an alternative therapeutics in the treatment of breast cancer, due to its unique function of correcting the aggressive microenvironment. Introduction Metastasis is the leading cause of breast cancer mortality, which has been one major challenge in clinical treatment (1). In particular, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by the absence of estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR) and HER2 receptors, which is one of the most aggressive types of breast cancers, marked by high rates of relapse, visceral metastases and early death (2, 3). The...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Personalized Dendritic Cell Vaccines—Recent Breakthroughs and Encouraging Clinical Results Beatris Mastelic-Gavillet, Klara Balint, Caroline Boudousquie, Philippe O. Gannon and Lana E. Kandalaft* Department of Oncology, Center for Experimental Therapeutics, Ludwig Center for Cancer Research, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland With the advent of combined immunotherapies, personalized dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccination could integrate the current standard of care for the treatment of a large variety of tumors. Due to their proficiency at antigen presentation, DC are key coordinators of the innate...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Rinat Bar-Shalom1, Margalit Bergman2, Shlomo Grossman2, Naiel Azzam1, Lital Sharvit1 and Fuad Fares1* 1Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel 2Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cancer in females and the third in males worldwide. Conventional therapy of CRC is limited by severe side effects and by the development of resistance. Therefore, additional therapies are needed in order to combat the problem of selectivity and drug resistance in CRC patients. Inula viscosa (IV) is a well-...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionFNAC with gamma probe and US guidance is not able to correctly detect metastases in the SN and is therefore not able to replace SLNB. Gamma probe-guided US is a highly accurate method for correctly identifying the SN, which offers possibilities for future research.
Source: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: DCEUS-values reflect significant differences between malignant liver lesions, especially at peak enhancement and during the washout phases. PMID: 29865043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Clin Hemorheol Microcirc Source Type: research
Endomag, a medical technology company based in Cambridge, UK and Austin, Texas, has developed the Magseed, a magnetic injectable marker that can be implanted by a radiologist during an imaging procedure, such as during ultrasound or X-ray mammographi...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Exclusive Ob/Gyn Pathology Radiology Surgery Source Type: blogs
Most people think of ultrasound as an imaging modality. Yet, there are many other clinical uses for the high frequency soundwaves. Focused ultrasound waves can promote the opening of the blood-brain barrier, and they can be used to ablate fibroids, a...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Medicine News Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Population level of iAs% and DMA%, but not MMA%, were associated with arsenic exposure levels. Overall, study findings suggest that higher MMA% was associated with an increased risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease, while lower MMA% was associated with an increased risk of diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Additional population-based studies and experimental studies are needed to further evaluate and understand the role of arsenic exposure in arsenic metabolism and the role of arsenic metabolism in disease development. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP577 Received: 01 June 2016 Revised: 26 February 2017 Acce...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Sentinel node (SN) biopsy (SNB) detects clinically occult metastases of breast cancer and melanoma in 20 –30%. Wound infections, seroma and lymph edema occur in up to 10%. Targeted ultrasound (US) of the SN, (w...
Source: BMC Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
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