LncRNA AWPPH participates in the metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer by upregulating TGF- β1 expression.

LncRNA AWPPH participates in the metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer by upregulating TGF-β1 expression. Oncol Lett. 2019 Oct;18(4):4246-4252 Authors: Huo Y, Li A, Wang Z Abstract Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) AWPPH is a characterized oncogenic lncRNA in hepatocellular carcinoma and bladder cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential involvement of AWPPH in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Expression of AWPPH in lung biopsy tissues and serum of both healthy controls and patients with NSCLC with different tumor sizes, and with and without distant tumor metastasis was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. AWPPH expression vector was constructed and transfected into cells of human NSCLC cell lines. Expression of TGF-β1 was detected by western blot analysis. Cell migration and invasion were detected by Transwell migration and invasion assay. It was observed that AWPPH was significantly upregulated in patients with NSCLC, while AWPPH expression level did not increase with the increase of tumor size. In contrast, AWPPH expression levels were significantly higher in patients with distant metastasis than in patients without tumor distant metastasis. AWPPH overexpression promoted TGF-β1 expression in NSCLC cells, while TGF-β1 treatment showed no significant effects on AWPPH expression. AWPPH overexpression promoted NSCLC cell migration and invasion, while TGF-β signaling inhibition reduced this...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research

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Discussion MDSCs violently emerge in pathological conditions in an attempt to limit potentially harmful immune and inflammatory responses. Mechanisms supporting their expansion and survival are deeply investigated in cancer, in the perspective to reactivate specific antitumor responses and prevent their contribution to disease evolution. These findings will likely contribute to improve the targeting of MDSCs in anticancer immunotherapies, either alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. New evidence indicates that the expansion of myeloid cell differentiation in pathology is subject to fine-tuning, as its...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Michal Yalon1†, Amos Toren1,2†, Dina Jabarin2, Edna Fadida3, Shlomi Constantini3 and Ruty Mehrian-Shai1* 1Pediatric Hemato-Oncology, Edmond and Lilly Safra Children's Hospital and Cancer Research Center, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel 2The Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel 3Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dana Children's Hospital, Tel-Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel Pediatric brain tumors are the most common solid tumor type and the leading cause of cancer-related death in children. The immune system plays an important r...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion The elucidation of the function of circRNAs is an emerging field of science with a tremendous potential after previously being dismissed as RNA artifacts. They are ubiquitously expressed and thousands of members have already been identified. This fact only expands their potential to possibly enhance our knowledge to understand the difference between health and disease. Owing to their structure stability and their presence in exosomes circRNAs may also exert their function in an autocrine, paracrine and possible endocrine fashion. In addition, the fact that circRNAs are widely distributed in the cellular compart...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate whether combining anti-PD-L1 Atezolizumab with BEV may have a synergistic effect and enhance the efficacy of both treatments in cisplatin resistant epithelial ovarian cancer (CREOC). We retrospectively analyzed 124 epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients from Gynecologic Oncology Department of Tianjin Cancer Hospital between January 2013 and June 2018, who all were diagnosed with cisplatin resistance due to progressing
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Eleonora A. Braga1*†, Marina V. Fridman2†, Vitaly I. Loginov1,3, Alexey A. Dmitriev4 and Sergey G. Morozov1 1Institute of General Pathology and Pathophysiology, Moscow, Russia 2Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia 3Research Center of Medical Genetics, Moscow, Russia 4Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the third most common urological cancer, and it has the highest mortality rate. The increasing drug resistance of metastatic ccRCC has resulted in the search f...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This study was supported by the Shanghai Sailing Program [grant number 17YF1425200, 2017]; Chinese National Natural Science Funding [grant number 81702249, 2017]; Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality [grant number 17511103403, 2017]; The funder has no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments We acknowledge the ex...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, NC-LAP demonstrate antitumoral effect in HER-positive bladder cells by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis exhibiting better effects compared to the non-encapsulated lapatinib. Our work suggests that the LAP loaded in nanoformulations could be a promising approach to treat tumors that presents EGFR overexpression phenotype. Introduction Bladder cancer (BC) is a heterogeneous disease which presents several molecular characteristics associated with different clinical outcomes (1). Urothelial or transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) represent the most frequent type of bladder cancer (2) and are classifie...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, HOXD-AS1 may be considered as a promising diagnostic/prognostic biomarker or a novel therapeutic target for cancers.
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
In conclusion, HOXD-AS1 may be considered as a promising diagnostic/prognostic biomarker or a novel therapeutic target for cancers. PMID: 30290157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Clinical Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Clin Chim Acta Source Type: research
Prognostic and predictive value of HURP in non‑small cell lung cancer. Oncol Rep. 2018 Feb 26;: Authors: Wang Q, Chen Y, Feng H, Zhang B, Wang H Abstract Previous studies have revealed that HURP (also known as DLGAP5 or KIAA0008) is overexpressed in many types of human cancers, such as hepatocellular carcinoma, squamous cell bladder cancer, and transitional cell carcinoma, indicating that HURP is a putative oncoprotein that promotes carcinogenesis through various molecular mechanisms. However, the role of HURP in the pathogenesis of non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been reported. In the p...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
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