Role of anti-DNA auto-antibodies as biomarkers of response to treatment in systemic lupus erythematosus patients: hypes and hopes. Insights and implications from a comprehensive review of the literature.

Role of anti-DNA auto-antibodies as biomarkers of response to treatment in systemic lupus erythematosus patients: hypes and hopes. Insights and implications from a comprehensive review of the literature. Expert Rev Mol Diagn. 2019 Sep 13;:1-10 Authors: Bragazzi NL, Watad A, Damiani G, Adawi M, Amital H, Shoenfeld Y Abstract Introduction: Due to the polymorphic clinical presentations and manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), biomarkers with enough diagnostic and prognostic value are of paramount importance. Recently, anti-double stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) auto-antibodies have been proposed to monitor the response to different therapies. It has also been suggested that they should be employed as entry markers in trial studies. However, their clinical use remains still debated and, sometimes, controversial, due to conflicting findings reported. Areas covered: Through an extensive literature review, we evaluated changes in anti-dsDNA auto-antibodies levels before and after the administration of the treatment (either biological or non-biological). Expert opinion: Anti-dsDNA auto-antibodies related findings are still difficult to compare mainly because of the different detecting methods employed, even though in most studies included in this review a consistent decreasing pattern after the treatment seems to emerge. Hence, if properly standardized, anti-dsDNA auto-antibody profile may be a reliable biomarker to monitor the effectiveness of biologi...
Source: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Mol Diagn Source Type: research

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Lupus érythémateux systémique. Rev Med Interne. 2019 Sep;40S:S14-S19 Authors: Saadoun D, Desbois AC PMID: 31627799 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Rev Med Interne Source Type: research
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Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Conclusions: 1. Clinical suspicion of APS requires careful diagnostic testing. Because of inadequate diagnostic workup, many patients may not even have an APS, and these patients could be adequately treated with a DOAC. 2. Patients with single or double positive antiphospholipid antibodies but without positive LA may have a comparably low thrombotic risk and may also be treated with a DOAC in venous TE - sufficient evidence for that conclusion is not yet available but is suggested by the results of meta-analyses. 3. Triple positive patients or those with APS who suffered from arterial thromboembolism have a very high ...
Source: VASA. Zeitschrift fur Gefasskrankheiten. Journal for Vascular Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Vasa Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The histomorphological indexes in lupus nephritis are easily obtainable, can predict renal outcomes and may help in the management of such patients. PMID: 31625875 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
A recent study in The Journal of Rheumatology sheds light on the importance of preconceptional cardiovascular health in women with systemic lupus erythematosus. Although many questions remain, improved cardiovascular health measures seem to positively affect pregnancy outcomes, suggesting a potential role for preconception cardiovascular interventions.1 Women with lupus now have healthier pregnancies than in the... [Read More]
Source: The Rheumatologist - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Conditions Research Reviews SLE (Lupus) cardiovascular pregnancy Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang R, Li Y, Pan B, Li Y, Liu A, Li X Abstract Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypical autoimmune disease, characterized by overactive inflammation and aberrant activation of lymphocytes. Chemokine C-X-C motif ligand 10 (CXCL10) has an important role in the initiation and deterioration of SLE. However, the expression levels of CXCL10 mRNA in T-helper (Th) cells and B lymphocytes from SLE patients have remained elusive. In the present study, a Bioinformatics analysis of differentially expressed gene (DEG) profiles obtained from RNA sequencing data for three matched samples was performed to ex...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, TNF-α − 863A allele (rs1800630) polymorphism is associated with increased risk of nephritis in South Indian SLE patients. We also found an interaction between HLA-DRB1*07 allele with TNF-α − 863 C/A promoter polymorphism giving supportive evidence for the tig ht linkage disequilibrium between TNF-α promoter SNPs and MHC class II DRB1 alleles.
Source: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Abstract Prognosis of pregnancies in women with antiphospholipid syndrome has dramatically improved over the past two decades using conventional treatment with low molecular weight heparin and low-dose aspirin. However, despite this regimen, 10-15% of antiphospholipid syndrome patients experience pregnancy losses. Several studies have been performed in order to identify risk factors predictive of complications. Thrombosis has been generally accepted as the key pathogenetic mechanism underlying pregnancy morbidity. However, the thrombogenic state alone is not able to explain all the different mechanisms leading to ...
Source: Lupus - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Lupus Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe mutant A20 may play a role in weakening the tight junction of the blood-brain barrier to cause neurologic symptoms. We report a rare variant ofTNFAIP3 in a patient with NPSLE and reveal its autoimmune disease –causing mechanism in both peripheral tissues and the central nervous system.
Source: Journal of Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Lupus Erythematosus;   Lupus Nephritis Interventions:   Drug: Itolizumab [Bmab 600];   Drug: EQ001 Placebo Sponsors:   Equillium;   Biocon Limited Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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