Combining 3′-Deoxy-3′-18F fluorothymidine and MRI increases the sensitivity of glioma volume detection

Conclusion In patients with newly diagnosed glioma, a combination of MRI and 18F-FLT-PET detects additional tumoral tissue and this may lead to a more complete surgical resection. Also, the addition of a negative PET to a negative MRI increases the negative predictive value. However, 18F-FLT still underestimated the margins of the lesion and did not correlate with histopathological features.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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In conclusion, we performed the largest study so far focused on CSF miRNA profiling in patients with brain tumors, and we believe that this new class of biomarkers have a strong potential as a diagnostic and prognostic tool in these patients.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Wang L, He Z Abstract Glioma, the most common and aggressive type of brain tumor, has a poor prognosis. Glioma stem cells (GSCs) are thought to be responsible for glioma genesis, proliferation, resistance to chemoradiotherapy, and recurrence. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been viewed as a prospective novel target in glioma therapy in recent years due to their functional roles in GSC biological processes. However, how lncRNAs interact with GSCs and the underlining mechanisms associated with these interactions are not yet clear. In this review, we briefly illustrate recent advancements in the functiona...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
o Monica Fedele Glial tumors are the leading cause of cancer-related death and morbidity in children. Their diagnosis, mainly based on clinical and histopathological factors, is particularly challenging because of their high molecular heterogeneity. Thus, tumors with identical histotypes could result in variable biological behaviors and prognoses. The PATZ1 gene has been recently shown to be expressed in adult gliomas, including glioblastomas, where it correlates with the proneural subtype and with a better prognosis. Here, we analyzed the expression of PATZ1 in pediatric gliomas, first at mRNA level in a public data...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Purpose of review Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a fatal childhood brainstem malignancy. Despite advances in understanding of the molecular underpinnings of the tumor in the past decade, the dismal prognosis of DIPG has thus far remained unchanged. This review seeks to highlight promising therapeutic targets within three arenas: DIPG cell-intrinsic vulnerabilities, immunotherapeutic approaches to tumor clearance, and microenvironmental dependencies that promote tumor growth. Recent findings Promising therapeutic strategies from recent studies include epigenetic modifying agents such as histone deacetylase ...
Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: BRAIN AND NERVOUS SYSTEM: Edited by Marc Sanson Source Type: research
Purpose of review The current review summarizes recent advances on three important issues in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) management: the identification of specific NF1 gene mutations predicting the risk for developing neurological malignancies; the molecular features of NF1-associated tumors and their differences from sporadic neoplasms; genetic, epigenetic, or microenviromental factors leading benign tumors to a malignant transformation in NF1. Recent findings The association between the risk of developing optic pathway glioma and specific germiline NF1 mutations is still debated and further studies are needed wit...
Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: BRAIN AND NERVOUS SYSTEM: Edited by Marc Sanson Source Type: research
Abstract Significant progress on circulating tumor cells (CTCs) has profound impact for noninvasive tumor profiling including early diagnosis, treatment monitoring, and metastasis recognition. Therefore, CTCs based liquid biopsy technology is taking a rapid growth in the field of precision oncology. The label-free approaches relied on microfluidic chip stand out from a crowd of methods that suffer from time consuming, extensive blood samples, lost target cells and labor-intensive operation. In this paper, a label-free separation microfluidic device was developed using multistage channel, which took full advantage ...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
The contribution of the complement system in the pathophysiology of brain cancers has been recently considered in light of its well-known involvement in carcinogenesis. Complement system represents an important component of the inflammatory response, which acts as a functional bridge between the innate and adaptive immune response. C1q, the first recognition subcomponent of the complement classical pathway, has recently been shown to be involved in a range of pathophysiological functions that are not dependent on complement activation. C1q is expressed in the microenvironment of various types of human tumors, including mel...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract13N-Ammonia (13N-NH3) is widely used positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) radiotracer for the measurement of myocardial blood perfusion; the possible role of13N-NH3 PET or PET/CT in oncological disease is not yet clear. Aim of this review is to evaluate the diagnostic performances of13N-NH3 PET in this field. A comprehensive computer literature search of the PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Embase databases was conducted including articles up to June 2019. Eighteen articles were finally included in the review. From the analyses of the selected studies, the following main findings could be drawn: (1)...
Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2019Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica BAuthor(s): Fangfang Li, Zongliang Liu, Heyuan Sun, Chunmei Li, Wenyan Wang, Liang Ye, Chunhong Yan, Jingwei Tian, Hongbo WangAbstractGliomas are the most common primary intracranial neoplasms among all brain malignancies, and the microtubule affinity regulating kinases (MARKs) have become potential drug targets for glioma. Here, we report a novel dual small-molecule inhibitor of MARK3 and MARK4, designated as PCC0208017. In vitro, PCC0208017 strongly inhibited kinase activity against MARK3 and MARK4, and strongly reduced proliferati...
Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions18F-FDG/13N-ammonia uptake decoupling score can be used to discriminate between LGGs and BILs. Use of a decoupling map of these two tracers can improve visual analysis and diagnostic accuracy.ResumenPropósitoLa identificación precisa de los gliomas de bajo grado (LGGs; grados I y II de la Organización Mundial de la Salud) y su diferenciación de las lesiones por inflamación cerebral (BILs) sigue siendo difícil; sin embargo, es esencial para el tratamiento. Este estudio evaluó si un protocolo de un día para la TEP/TC con amoníaco 18F-FDG y 13Namon&iacu...
Source: Revista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
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