The repertoire of human tumor-associated epitopes - identification and selection of antigens and their application in clinical trials.

This article summarizes recent developments in tissue analysis on genome, transcriptome and HLA-ligandome levels and of antigen application in recent clinical vaccination trials. PMID: 23619309 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Opinion in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Immunol Source Type: research

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This study sought to gather information pertaining to HPV and cervical cancer risk factors, awareness of HPV and the vaccine, as well as HPV vaccine uptake in female patients presenting to an ED.Methods: We obtained 81 surveys completed by female ED patients. Demographics included age, race, income, insurance status, primary care provider status, and known cervical-cancer risk factors. Subsequent survey questions explored respondents ’ knowledge, familiarity,...
Source: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
In conclusion, taller body height at the entry to adulthood, supposed to be a marker of early-life environment, is associated with lower risk of dementia diagnosis later in life. The association persisted when adjusted for educational level and intelligence test scores in young adulthood, suggesting that height is not just acting as an indicator of cognitive reserve. A Comparison of Biological Age Measurement Approaches Researchers here assess the performance of a range of approaches to measuring biological...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: April 2020Source: Cancer Epidemiology, Volume 65Author(s): Wei Lin, Lin Zhou, Haiyan Hu, Bin Chen, Shixin Yuan, Bo Wu, Zhihua Liu, Yueyun WangAbstractIt has been reported that the number of children a mother has may impact on her concept of health and behavior, and there is a need to understand the role of children in the acceptability of human papillomavirus (HPV) testing and vaccination among Chinese mothers. A cross-sectional survey was conducted between January and June 2015 in Shenzhen, China, in which representative females were recruited from healthcare institutions through the Cervical Cancer Prev...
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Condition:   Glioblastoma Intervention:   Drug: UCPVax Sponsor:   Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Besancon Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This study investigated anal HPV infections and cytological abnormalities among men who have sex with men (MSM). Sociodemographic characteristics and sexual behaviors were collected by using a structured questionnaire. Anal cytological results were examined, and HPV genotyping was performed by the Linear Array HPV Genotyping test. Logistic regression was used to estimate risk factors and their associations with high-risk HPV infection and cytological abnormalities. Among 163 MSM, 101 were seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and 62 were seronegative for HIV. The overall prevalence of HPV was 66.2%. A total o...
Source: Anal Sci - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Sci Rep Source Type: research
In this study, an attenuated live vector vaccine for Aeromonas hydrophila (AH) named EGDeABdd-dat-ompW was successfully constructed using an attenuated vector named EGDeABdd, in which dal, dat, actA, and inlB genes were deleted from wild-type LM-EGDe. To construct EGDeABdd-dat-ompW, a recombinant plasmid pERL3-dat-ompW obtained by inserting the dat gene from EGDe and outer membrane protein gene ompW from AH into pERL3 plasmid was transformed into EGDeABdd cell. The safety and immunogenicity of EGDeABdd-dat-ompW as an attenuated vector vaccine for delivery of OMPW were assessed through analyzing invasion to Caco-2 cells and...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Authors: Wieland U, Oellig F, Kreuter A Abstract Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) and 89-100% of anal cancers are caused by persistent infections with high-risk (HR) human papillomaviruses (HPV). In HIV-positive patients, anal HPV infection and AIN are very common and these patients have a greatly increased risk of developing anal cancer. However, a continuous increase in the incidence of anal cancer has also been observed in the general population in recent decades. AIN can clinically present in diverse manners. In HIV-positive patients AIN can be hidden in condylomas. Furthermore, 3-14% of high-grad...
Source: Der Hautarzt: Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete - Category: Dermatology Tags: Hautarzt Source Type: research
ACS Chemical BiologyDOI: 10.1021/acschembio.9b00987
Source: ACS Chemical Biology - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Viral infection is associated with many types of tumorigenesis, including human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced cervical cancer. The induction of a specific T-cell response against virus-infected cells is desired to develop an efficient therapeutic approach for virus-associated cancer. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has a long history in the treatment of cancer patients in Asian countries. Hedyotis diffusa Willd (Bai Hua She She Cao, BHSSC) is frequently used clinically and has been shown to inhibit tumor growth in vitro. However, in vivo data demonstrating the antitumor efficacy of BHSSC are still lacking. We showed that BHSS...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study provides evidence supporting a novel therapeutic approach using miRNA-5119 mimic-engineered DC vaccines to regulate inhibitory receptors and enhance anti-tumor immune response in a mouse model of breast cancer. miRNA/DC-based immunotherapy has potential for advancement to the clinic as a new strategy for DC-based anti-breast cancer immunotherapy.
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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