Therapeutic bronchoscopy in a lung abscess secondary to broncholithiasis

We report a case of a 60 ‐year‐old woman who developed a pulmonary abscess due to broncholithiasis and was treated by bronchoscopic broncholithectomy using a balloon catheter after antibiotic administration. A 60 ‐year‐old woman developed a pulmonary abscess due to broncholithiasis. It was treated by bronchoscopic broncholithectomy after antibiotic administration. Broncholithiasis is a rare disease and various treatment options are available, which include bronchoscopic broncholithectomy and surgery. Bro nchoscopic broncholithectomy has proved to be more useful because it can be used to easily extract the broncholith by using a balloon and haemostasis can be obtained at the same time.
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

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Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a rare congenital or acquired disease. Here, we describe the diagnosis and treatment strategy for the first case of acquired PVS with haemoptysis due to the maze procedure. Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a rare disease that can cause haemoptysis. Acquired PVS is indicated as a complication associated with cardiac catheter intervention; however, the maze procedure has not been reported to induce PVS. Here, we describe the diagnosis and treatment strategy for the first case of PVS with haemoptysis due to the maze procedure. A 56 ‐year‐old man who underwent the maze procedure seven&thins...
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
We report an unusual case of a patient with persistent cough and dyspnoea in the context of prior chemoradiotherapy for primary lung cancer who was subsequently found to have invasive tracheobronchial aspergillosis of the distal trachea and proximal of right main bronchus. Invasive tracheobronchial aspergillosis is a rare disease with most reported cases in the literature occurring in immunocompromised hosts. We report an unusual case of a patient with persistent cough and dyspnoea in the context of prior chemoradiotherapy for primary lung cancer. Chest computed tomography (CT) demonstrated an abnormal soft tissue mass sur...
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome in nervous system caused by malignant neoplasms often characterized by facial neurological symptoms. The disease are usually associated with lung cancer (especially SCLC). Its nervous system symptoms occur earlier than the tumor diagnosis. Early diagnosis and treatment for primary tumors will increase the benefit. 
 DOI: 10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2019.03.02
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We report a 9-year- and 6-month-old girl who complained of chronic cough and recurrent wheeze for 2 months. Diagnosis: Bronchialithiasis were found under bronchoscope. Pathologic examination revealed aspergillosis. Interventions: The stone and surrounding granulation tissue were removed using a bronchoscope and the patient was treated with antifungal therapy. Outcomes: The patient was in good general health without any clinical symptoms during the follow-up period. Lessons: Pulmonary Aspergillus infection can cause bronchiolithiasis. Stones were removed under bronchoscope, and anti-Aspergillus therapy was effective.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusions: Cladribine therapy may be effective in patient with progressive PLCH disease in children.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Paediatric bronchology Source Type: research
We describe the late presentation of achalasia in an 11-year old girl. Patient concerns: She suffered from recurrent pneumonia, obstructive bronchitis, and problems with swallowing solid food. Her family noted a wet pillow in the morning. Diagnoses: This case report describes the typical symptoms of achalasia in children in order to facilitate earlier diagnosis of this rare disease. Our patient was admitted to a pediatric hospital for treatment of severe pneumonia, low-grade fever, and pancreatitis. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the thorax showed massive dilation of the esophagus and infiltration and partial ate...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: Neonatal airway stenting is performed very rarely because of possible severe complications. In a few selected cases, the benefits of this technique may outweigh these potential risks. In this case, transient airway stenting was an effective therapy in a neonate with tracheal stenosis and additional tissue following trachea perforation.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Neonatology and Paediatric Intensive Care Source Type: research
We report a case of IgG4-related lung disease with bilateral diffuse infiltration. Patient concerns: A 65-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of cough, sputum, and fever. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed multifocal areas of consolidations, nodules, and ground glass opacities in both lungs. She still had fever after anti-infective therapy. Diagnoses: Bronchial bronchoscopy and percutaneous lung biopsy were performed, resulted in a pathological diagnosis of IgG4-RLD. Interventions: The patient was started on oral prednisolone 30 mg/day for 28 days, and then was gradually tapered. Outcomes: ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis case report shows that high-dose-rate brachytherapy is a therapeutic option for the treatment of benign airway stenosis when other interventional treatments are not or are less than successful. However, further investigations are needed to prove the effectiveness and reliability of the method.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: bronchitis plastica is a rare disease with formation of occlusive bronchial casts. They are often found in cardiac disease or lymphatic disease. PMID: 29017220 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pneumologie - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research
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