Viral encephalitis: a practical review on diagnostic approach and treatment.

CONCLUSION: Clinical data, laboratory results, and neuroimaging findings support the diagnosis of encephalitis and the specific viral etiology. To increase the likelihood of etiologic confirmation, it is important to know the best approach to collecting samples and to choose the best identification technique for each virus. The differential diagnosis of viral encephalitis includes other infections and immune-mediated inflammatory central nervous system disorders. PMID: 31513761 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal de Pediatria - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: J Pediatr (Rio J) Source Type: research

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Conclusions: These findings show that in Brazil problems related to alcohol use by the elderly remain relatively unknown. There was a high heterogeneity of methodologies in the studies, making it difficult to summarize the findings and produce prevalence estimates for the different patterns of consumption. More homogenous studies using similar definitions of patterns of alcohol consumption are required to allow comparisons to be made between different Brazilian regions and other countries.
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: A change was detected in the profile of treatment-seeking crack cocaine users over the past 2 decades. Current patients appear to be older and use the drug more chronically, in addition to having a higher level of schooling and lower unemployment rates when compared with 1997 users.
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
ue DP Abstract Drawing on a historical ethnography conducted in Southern Brazil, this article explores how public health programs for adolescent reproductive and mental health have emerged in Brazil and begun to intersect with the growing field of "global mental health" (GMH). The story I recount begins not in the 2010s with the rapid rise of expert interest in adolescent health within GMH, but in the 1990s, the decade when young teens in Brazil were first coming into contact with practices and approaches in research, schools and clinics that have both underpinned and critiqued the production of an ...
Source: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Cult Med Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract Within the proliferation of studies identified with global mental health, anthropologists rarely take global mental health itself as their object of inquiry. The papers in this special issue were selected specifically to problematize global mental health. To contextualize them, this introduction critically weighs three possible genealogies through which the emergence of global health can be explored: (1) as a divergent thread in the qualitative turn of global health away from earlier international health and development; (2) as the product of networks and social movements; and (3) as a diagnostically- and...
Source: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Cult Med Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Braxton AM, Chalmin AL, Najarro KM, Brockhurst JK, Johnson KT, Lyons CE, Daly B, Cryer CG, Vijay S, Cyphers G, Guerrero-Martin SM, Aston SA, McGee K, Su YP, Arav-Boger R, Metcalf Pate KA Abstract Platelet decline is a feature of many acute viral infections, including cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in humans and mice. Platelet sequestration in association with other cells, including endothelium and circulating leukocytes, can contribute to this decline and influence the immune response to and pathogenesis of viral infection. We sought to determine if platelet-endothelial associations (PEAs) contribute to p...
Source: Platelets - Category: Hematology Tags: Platelets Source Type: research
Samoa has declared a state of emergency after several deaths linked to a measles outbreak, closing schools and placing restrictions on public gatherings, the Reuters news agency reported.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ConclusionComputed tomography examinations are a more reliable method for differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules than ultrasound examinations followed by fine needle aspiration biopsy.Level of EvidenceIII.ResumoIntroduçãoA ultrassonografia é um método rápido para determinar de qual nódulo deve-se coletar uma amostra para biópsia por aspiração com agulha fina. Por outro lado, o exame de tomografia computadorizada não é restringido pela atenuação do eco e distingue entre nódulos benignos e malignos.ObjetivoComparar exames tom...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Date: Tuesday, 11 19, 2019; Speaker: Ian A. Wilson, D.Phil., D.Sc., Hanson Professor of Structural Biology , The Scripps Research Institute; Building: Building 10 (Clinical Center); Lipsett Amphitheater; Videocast Event
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
Authors: Araujo-Mariz C, Militão de Albuquerque MFP, Lopes EP, Ximenes RAA, Lacerda HR, Miranda-Filho DB, Lustosa-Martins BB, Pastor AFP, Acioli-Santos B Abstract INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Hepatotoxicity during tuberculosis (TB) treatment is frequent and may be related to the Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase (NAT2) acetylator profile, in which allele frequencies differ according to the population. The aim of this study was to investigate functional polymorphisms in NAT2 associated with the development of hepatotoxicity after initiating treatment for TB in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Pernambuco, Nor...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
When it comes to vaccine-preventable diseases like measles and mumps, outbreaks lead to political action -- often to widen vaccine exemptions, according to an analysis published Monday in the journal JAMA Pediatrics.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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