The Association of Non-obscene Socially Inappropriate Behavior With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms, Conduct Problems, and Risky Decision Making in a Large Sample of Adolescents

This study used data from the Millennium Cohort Study to investigate the relationship between NOSI and emotional symptoms, conduct problems, and hyperactivity/inattention as assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in 1,280 youths, aged 14 years. Furthermore, the relationship between NOSI and decision-making processes as assessed by the Cambridge Gambling Task (CGT) was investigated. Hyperactivity/inattention and conduct problems were significantly associated with NOSI; emotional problems were not. Risk taking was significantly associated with misbehaving in lessons but not with being rude or noisy in public. The results replicate and confirm the association of NOSI with ADHD and conduct problems in a large sample, although it should be stressed that the size of the association was small. The results also suggest that some inappropriate behaviors are related to risk-taking behavior, while others are not.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - BiomembranesAuthor(s): Juan Francisco Bada Juarez, Juan C. Muñoz-García, Rosana Inácio dos Reis, Alistair Henry, David McMillan, Marco Kriek, Martyn Wood, Catherine Vandenplas, Zara Sands, Luis Castro, Richard Taylor, Anthony WattsAbstractDopamine receptors (DRs) are class A G-Protein Coupled Receptors (GPCRs) prevalent in the central nervous system (CNS). These receptors mediate physiological functions ranging from voluntary movement and reward recognition to hormonal regulation and hypertension. Drugs tar...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Biomembranes - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: 12 December 2019Source: Cell, Volume 179, Issue 7Author(s): Cross-Disorder Group of the Psychiatric Genomics ConsortiumSummaryGenetic influences on psychiatric disorders transcend diagnostic boundaries, suggesting substantial pleiotropy of contributing loci. However, the nature and mechanisms of these pleiotropic effects remain unclear. We performed analyses of 232,964 cases and 494,162 controls from genome-wide studies of anorexia nervosa, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, major depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, and Tourette synd...
Source: Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
ConclusionsCognitive reappraisal appears to be a beneficial ER strategy for children regardless of diagnostic status. Our findings indicate that children can learn and employ an adaptive ER strategy when instructed in the technique, even in the presence of attention problems, which is highly relevant to therapeutic approaches to dysregulated behavior.
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, endogenous, noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression through posttranscriptional mechanisms via degradation or inhibition of specific mRNAs targets. In recent years, abundant studies have illustrated the relevance of miRNAs in human psychopathology. In this current review, neuropsychiatric disorders with moderate to high prevalence among children and adolescents such as Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Dyslexia, Epilepsy, Schizophrenia and Tourette Syndrome were discussed focusing on the functional consequence of altered miRNA expression...
Source: Neurochemical Research - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Neurochem Res Source Type: research
While recreational marijuana is legal in 11 states as of November 2019, more states gravitating toward legalizing the recreational use of the substance, and 33 states allowing medical marijuana, there’s apparently no stopping this trend. Cannabis, in the form of marijuana, hemp, and cannabidiol (CBD)  is being used for pain relief, to alleviate stress, cope with anxiety, and a number of other mental health disorders and addictions. Yet, there’s a dearth of clinical studies that have been conducted on the overall effects on a user’s health. Clearly, as Crain’s Detroit Business points out, more ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Medications Substance Abuse Cannabis Marijuana Source Type: blogs
There is little evidence that the use of cannabinoids can improve symptoms of anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), psychosis, or Tourette syndrome, according to areport inLancet Psychiatry.“Cannabinoids are often advocated as a treatment for various mental disorders,” wrote Nicola Black, Ph.D., of the University of New South Wales and colleagues. Doctors and patients “need to be aware of the low quality and quantity of evidence for the effectiveness of medicinal cannabinoids in treating mental disorders and the potential risk of advers...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD anxiety cannabinoids cannabis Deepak Cyril D ’Souza depression meta-analysis Nicola Black psychiatric disorders PTSD Tourette syndrome Source Type: research
This study is registered with PROSPERO (CRD42017059372, CRD42017059373, CRD42017059376, CRD42017064996, and CRD42018102977).Findings83 eligible studies (40 randomised controlled trials, n=3067) were included: 42 for depression (23 randomised controlled trials; n=2551), 31 for anxiety (17 randomised controlled trials; n=605), eight for Tourette syndrome (two randomised controlled trials; n=36), three for ADHD (one randomised controlled trial; n=30), 12 for post-traumatic stress disorder (one randomised controlled trial; n=10), and 11 for psychosis (six randomised controlled trials; n=281). Pharmaceutical THC (with or withou...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Non-obscene socially inappropriate behavior (NOSI) is recognized as part of the tic disorder spectrum but has received little attention from researchers to date. A study in 87 patients with Tourette syndrome showed that comorbid attention-deficit/hyperacti...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
ConclusionWe comprehensively evaluated the effect of 22 novel CYP2D6 variants on the metabolism of clonidine for the first time and hoped corresponding data provide a reference for metabolism of clonidine for further studies in vivo, and extend our understanding of the clinical drug toxicity or ineffectiveness by CYP2D6 genetic polymorphism.
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We comprehensively evaluated the effect of 22 novel CYP2D6 variants on the metabolism of clonidine for the first time and hoped corresponding data provide a reference for metabolism of clonidine for further studies in vivo, and extend our understanding of the clinical drug toxicity or ineffectiveness by CYP2D6 genetic polymorphism. PMID: 31585114 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chemico-Biological Interactions - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Chem Biol Interact Source Type: research
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