Interventions for maintenance of surgically induced remission in Crohn's disease: a network meta-analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: Due to low-certainty evidence in the networks, we are unable to draw conclusions on which treatment is most effective for preventing clinical relapse and endoscopic relapse. Evidence on the safety of the interventions was inconclusive, however cases of pancreatitis and leukopenia from purine analogues were evident in the studies. Larger trials are needed to further understand the effect of the interventions on endoscopic relapse. PMID: 31513295 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Moderate certainty evidence suggests that AZA and 6-MP may be superior to placebo for maintenance of surgically-induced remission in participants with CD. There was no clear difference in the number of clinical relapses when purine analogues were compared with 5-ASA agents, however this is based on low certainty evidence. There was very low certainty evidence that AZA and 6-MP are more likely to result in more serious adverse events (SAEs) and withdrawals due to an AE (low certainty) when compared to 5-ASA agents. Very low certainty evidence suggests that purine analogues may be inferior to anti-TNF-α ag...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Conclusion: Combination of gastrojejunostomy and Warshaw operation is one of the ideal surgical procedures for patients of DO due to CPPT.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: 5-ASA preparations are superior to placebo for the maintenance of surgically-induced clinical remission in patients with CD (moderate certainty). The number needed to treat to prevent one relapse was 13 patients. The evidence for endoscopic remission is uncertain. The sulphasalazine class of 5-ASA agents failed to demonstrate superiority against placebo, 5-ASAs failed to demonstrate superiority compared to no treatment (very low and low certainty). The efficacy of two different doses of the same 5-ASA and the efficacy of 5-ASA compared to purine antimetabolites (azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine) in maintaining...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Laura Stronati1, Francesca Palone2, Anna Negroni3, Eleonora Colantoni2, Anna Barbara Mancuso2, Salvatore Cucchiara2, Vincenzo Cesi3, Sara Isoldi2 and Roberta Vitali3* 1Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy 2Pediatric Gastroenterology and Liver Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy 3Division of Health Protection Technologies, Territorial and Production Systems Sustainability Department, ENEA, Rome, Italy Gut mucosal healing (MH) is considered a key therapeutic target and prognostic parameter in the management of inflammatory bowel disease (I...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion This paper summarizes the current findings regarding the anti-colitis activity of plant-derived alkaloids and shows how these alkaloids exhibit significant and beneficial effects in alleviating colonic inflammation. These natural alkaloids are not only promising agents for IBD treatment but are also components for developing new wonder drugs. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms or toxicological evaluation of most plant-derived alkaloids still require much scientific research, and their actual efficacies for IBD patients have not been verified well in field research. Thus, further clinical trials to elu...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Xiaoli Fan1†, Dandan Yin2†, Ruoting Men1, Heng Xu2* and Li Yang1* 1Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, National Key Laboratory of Biotherapy/Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy and Precision Medicine Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of NUDT15 R139C and thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) on azathioprine (AZA) induced leukopenia in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) a...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Because it has become such a frequent item in everyday meals, suggesting that something so commonplace must be fine, people often ask: Is wheat really that bad? Let’s therefore catalog the health conditions that are associated with wheat consumption. Health conditions we know with 100% certainty are caused by consumption of wheat and related grains: Celiac disease, dermatitis herpetiformis, cerebellar ataxia, “idiopathic” peripheral neuropathy, temporal lobe seizures, gluten encephalopathy, type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune hepatitis, autoimmune pancreatitis, tooth decay Health conditions ...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: News & Updates autoimmune diabetes gluten-free grain-free grains wheat wheat belly Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Regular blood tests are necessary on thiopurine therapy despite normal thiopurine S-methyltransferase genotype because of the risk of myelosuppression. The four most common variant alleles were identified in routine genotyping only, therefore most likely rare variant allele(s) or polymorphism of other enzymes involved in thiopurine metabolism account for the aforementioned four cases with profound bone marrow suppression. Thiopurine metabolite monitoring is the key for individualized treatment when optimal dosing can be achieved with the least side effects. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(5): 179-185. PMID: 30686035...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research
Abstract Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a multisystemic disease, and pancreatic manifestations of IBD are not uncommon. The incidence of several pancreatic diseases in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis is more frequent compared to the general population. Pancreatic manifestations in IBD include a wide heterogenic group of disorders and abnormalities of the pancreas and range from mild self-limited diseases to severe disorders. Acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, autoimmune pancreatitis, pancreatic autoantibodies, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and asymptomatic imaging and laboratory abnormalitie...
Source: Clin Med Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: J Clin Med Res Source Type: research
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