Roche ’s fixed-dose subcutaneous combination of Perjeta and Herceptin showed non-inferiority when compared to intravenous formulations for people with HER2-positive breast cancer
Roche today announced the phase III FeDeriCa study met its primary endpoint. The study showed a new investigational fixed-dose combination (FDC) of Perjeta ® (pertuzumab) and Herceptin® (trastuzumab), administered by subcutaneous (SC) injection in combination with intravenous (IV) chemotherapy, demonstrated non-inferior levels of Perjeta in the blood (pharmacokinetics) compared to standard IV infusion of Perjeta plus Herceptin and chemotherapy in peo ple with HER2-positive early breast cancer (eBC).
Authors: Fedele P, Sanna V, Fancellu A, Cinieri S Abstract Introduction: The dysregulation of cell cycle control can lead to cancer development. In breast cancer, cyclin D, CDK 4,6 and the retinoblastoma protein play a central role in the control of cell proliferation, in crosstalk with the estrogen receptor and Her2 pathways. Although the mechanisms by which the CDK4/6 complex is involved in the control of cell growth in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) are still unclear, some TNBCs might be sensitive to CDK4/6 inhibitors. Areas covered: The authors provide an overview of the treatments that target cell cycle ...
Abstract BACKGROUND: Limited data exist describing real-world treatment of de novo and recurrent HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Systemic Therapies for HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer Study (SystHERs) was a fully enrolled (2012-2016), observational, prospective registry of patients with HER2-positive MBC. Patients aged ≥18 years and ≤6 months from HER2-positive MBC diagnosis were treated and assessed per their physician's standard practice. The primary endpoint was to characterize treatment patterns by de novo versus recurrent MBC status, compared d...
ConclusionsThe present study demonstrates that, in plasma-derived exosomes, high baseline CDK4 mRNA levels are associated with response to palbociclib plus hormonal therapy, while the increase in TK1 and CDK9 mRNA copies/ml is associated with clinical resistance.
Conclusion: Despite the low pCR rate, the tumor response and BCS conversion rates after NAC of luminal HER2- breast cancer were similar to those of other subtypes. NAC has the potential benefit of reducing the size of breast cancer, thereby increasing the BCS conversion rate in luminal HER2- breast cancer. PMID: 31598341 [PubMed]
ConclusionOne year of trastuzumab increases the risk of cardiac events, though most consist of asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic LVEF drops. Adjuvant trastuzumab should be considered a safe treatment from a cardiac standpoint for most patients. Trastuzumab-associated cardiotoxicity is the main cause of discontinuation and further research is needed to individualize prevention and management.
In conclusion, high-risk early stage breast cancer patients should be treated with (neo)adjuvant dose-dense anthracycline-based chemotherapy followed by paclitaxel. In the era of trastuzumab, the benefit of dose-dense chemotherapy is still unclear for patients with HER2-positive breast cancer.
The addition of the PARP inhibitor veliparib to carboplatin and paclitaxel offered significant improvement to patients with HER2-negative breast cancer.
In conclusion, luminal subtypes and the 21-gene RS were found to be associated with chemotherapy recommendation for HR+/HER2- patients. For patients with a discordant luminal subtype and 21-gene RS risk, the 21-gene RS score was found to be the most important factor that influences chemotherapy decision, which warrants further clinical evaluation. PMID: 31579428 [PubMed]
Abstract Efficacy data from the KATHERINE clinical trial comparing ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) to trastuzumab in patients with early-stage human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-overexpressing breast cancer with residual disease after neoadjuvant therapy (hazard ratio for invasive disease or death, 0.50; P
Authors: Skálová H, Hájková N, Majerová B, Bártů M, Povýšil C, Tichá I Abstract The importance of the expression profile of claudins in the molecular classification of breast cancer (BC) is currently under investigation. Claudins, together with cadherins, serve an important role in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition and influence the chemosensitivity of cancer cells. Adjuvant chemotherapy is administered following surgical resection in selected cases of BC. Previous neoadjuvant chemotherapy may change the molecular profile of a tumour and subsequent...